2001 Otetiana Council Americas Pride, Americas Future

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WITHIN MY POWER BY FOREST WITCRAFT

I am not a very important man, as importance is commonly rated, I do not have great wealth, control a big business, or occupy a position of great honor or authority. Yet I may someday mold destiny. For it is within my power to become the most important man in the world in the life of a boy. And every boy is a potential atom bomb in human history. A humble citizen like myself might have been the Scoutmaster of a Troop in which an undersized unhappy Austrian lad by the name of Adolph might have found a joyous boyhood, full of the ideals of brotherhood, goodwill, and kindness. And the world would have been different. A humble citizen like myself might have been the organizer of a Scout Troop in which a Russian boy called Joe might have learned the lessons of democratic cooperation. These men would never have known that they had averted world tragedy, yet actually they would have been among the most important men who ever lived. All about me are boys. They are the makers of history, the builders of tomorrow. If I can have some part in guiding them up the trails of Scouting, on to the high road of noble character and constructive citizenship, I may prove to be the most important man in their lives, the most important man in my community. A hundred years from now it will not matter what my bank account was, the sort of house I lived in, or the kind of car I drove. But the world may be different, because I was important in the life of a boy.

2001 Pow Wow Steering Committee Chair

Marcy Martin

Council Training Chair & Staff Liaison

Mary Royce

Council Advisor

Jill Orbach

Ambiance & Morale

Val Kalwas

Brunch & Lunch

Kathy Knight

Game Midway

Peg Cohen

Physical Arrangements & Resource Midway Mary Lou Frederick Registration

Denise Leszczenski

Scheduling & Pow Wow Book Printing

Frank Bov

Staff Liaison

Mary Royce

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Dear Scouts - if you have ever seen the play 'Peter Pan' you will remember how the pirate chief was always making his dying speech because he was afraid that possible, when the time came for him to die, he might not have time to get it off his chest. It is much the same with me, and so, although I am not at this moment dying, I shall be doing so one of these days and I want to send you a parting word of goodbye. Remember, it is the last time you will ever hear from me, so think it over. I have had a most happy life and I want each one of you to have a happy life too. I believe that God put us in this jolly world to be happy and enjoy life. Happiness does not come from being rich, nor merely being successful in your career, nor by self-indulgence. One step towards happiness is to make yourself healthy and strong while you are a boy, so that you can be useful and so you can enjoy life when you are a man. Nature study will show you how full of beautiful and wonderful things God has made the world for you to enjoy. Be contented with what you have got and make the best of it. Look on the bright side of things instead of the gloomy one. But the real way to get happiness is by giving out happiness to other people. Try and leave this world a little better than you found it and when your turn comes to die, you can die happy in feeling that at any rate you have not wasted your time but have done your best. 'Be Prepared' this way, to live happy and to die happy stick to your Scout Promise always - even after you have ceased to be a boy - and God help you to do it. Your friend, Robert Baden-Powell

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A Boy's Eyes "I'd like to be a Cub Scout -----" (His eyes were deepest blue) "I'd like to learn, and play, and build Like Jim and Freddy do." "I know how to use a hammer; I can drive a nail if I try. I'm eight years old, I'm big and strong And hardly ever cry." I gave him the application And parent participation sheet. (His eyes were filled with sunshine As he left on dancing feet.) Next day, my friend was back again, A dejected little lad. "I guess I'll skip the Cub Scouts." (His eyes were dark and sad.) "My Mom is awful busy, She has lots of friends, you see. She'd never have time for a den; She hardly has, for me." "And Dad is always working ---He's hardly ever there. To give them any more to do Just wouldn't be quite fair." He handed back the papers With the dignity of eight years, And, smiling bravely, left me (His eyes were filled with tears.) Do you see your own boy's eyes As other people may? How he looks when you're "too busy" Or "just haven't time" today? A boy is such a special gift ---Why don't you realize, It only takes a little time To put sunshine in his eyes. America’ Pride, America’s Future

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To My Child... Just for this morning, I am going to smile when I see your face and laugh when I feel like crying. Just for this morning, I will let you wake up softly, all rumpled in your sheets and I will hold you until you are ready for the day. Just for this morning, I will let you choose what you want to wear, and smile and say how perfect it is. Just for this morning, I am going to step over the laundry, and pick you up and take you to the park to play. Just for this morning, I will leave the dishes in the sink, and let you teach me how to put that puzzle of yours together. Just for this afternoon, I will unplug the telephone and keep the computer off, and sit with you in the back yard and blow bubbles. Just for this afternoon, I will not yell once, not even a tiny grumble when you scream and whine for the ice cream truck, and I will buy you one if he comes by. Just for this afternoon, I won't worry about what you are going to be when you grow up, or second guess every decision I have made where you are concerned. Just for this afternoon, I will let you help me bake cookies, and I won't stand over you trying to fix them. Just for this afternoon, I will take you to McDonald's and buy us both a Happy Meal so you can have both toys. Just for this evening, I will hold you in my arms and tell you a story about how you were born, and how much I love you. Just for this evening, I will let you splash in the tub and not get angry. Just for this evening, I will let you stay up late while we sit on the porch and count all the stars. Just for this evening, I will snuggle beside you for hours, and miss my favorite TV show. Just for this evening, when I run my fingers through your hair as you pray, I will simply be grateful that God has given me the greatest gift ever given. I will think about the mothers who are searching for their missing children, the mothers who are visiting their children's graves instead of their bedrooms, and mothers who are in hospital rooms watching their children suffer senselessly, and screaming inside that they can't handle it anymore, and when I kiss you goodnight I will hold you a little tighter, a little longer. It is then that I will thank God for you, and ask Him for nothing, except one more day.

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The greatest reward for serving others is always the satisfaction found in your own heart.

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ADMINISTRIVIA WHAT IS UNIT RE-CHARTERING? A DEFINITION char·ter (chär'ter) n. 1.a document by which a society authorizes the organization of a local chapter or lodge. 2. a document setting forth the aims and principles of a united group. 3. a franchise or written grant of specified rights made by a government or ruler to a person, corporation, etc On June 15, 1916, the United States Congress granted a federal charter to the Boy Scouts of America. This charter can be found in the United States Code, Title 36 (Patriotic Societies and Observances), Chapter 2 (Boy Scouts of America) As stated in the U.S. Code regarding the BSA: "The purpose of the corporation shall be to promote, through organization, and cooperation with other agencies, the ability of boys to do things for themselves and others, to train them in Scoutcraft, and to teach them patriotism, courage, self-reliance, and kindred virtues, using the methods which were in common use by Boy Scouts on June 15, 1916." The Boy Scouts of America renews its federal charter each year through a formal reporting to Congress. They (the BSA,) in turn, have granted charters to sponsoring (chartered) organizations. And like the BSA and the U.S. Congress, these chartered organizations must report to Scouting once each year to renew their local charters. Chartered organizations are issued a charter, effective for one year, to operate a Cub Scout Pack. The charter year is not necessarily the same as the calendar or program year (the current Pack charter indicates the charter expiration date.) In the months prior to the charter expiration date, the District Executive, Unit Commissioner, Pack Committee, and Cubmaster all play an important role in the preparation and execution of the rechartering process. THE CHARTER RENEWAL MEETING: THE MOST IMPORTANT MEETING OF THE CUBBING YEAR This very important meeting is a time for review, a time for long-term planning, and a time for growth. It should occur about 45 days prior to the re-registration date. Who Attends? The following people should be invited to the charter renewal meeting: the unit commissioner, chartered organization head, chartered organization representative, pack committee chairman and members, and all other pack leaders. Who Is Responsible? Either the chartered organization representative or pack committee chairman presides, unless the head of the chartered organization prefers to do so. The unit commissioner and pack committee members all have important parts in the meeting. What Happens? The Charter Renewal materials explain the details of what should be included in the charter renewal meeting. The information below will give you a general idea of what to expect: • Review of membership inventory and inspection. •

Review of unit operation, including membership, program, advancement, outdoor activities, training status of leaders, pack budget plan, etc.



Identification of pack needs. Individual committee members may report on their specific areas of responsibility and make recommendations for improvement.



Did the pack qualify for the Quality Unit Award?



Complete application for charter renewal.



Make plans for the charter presentation ceremony.

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THE CHARTER PRESENTATION CEREMONY AN OUTSTANDING OCCASION! The presentation of a pack charter to a chartered organization is very important. It should be an outstanding occasion, impressive but not too long. The installation or charter presentation ceremony should be held in conjunction with a regular meeting of the chartered organization. If it is impossible to hold the ceremony during a meeting of the organization, be sure that organization officials and members are urged to attend, whenever it is held. In some cases it may become necessary to include the ceremony in the pack meeting. It is the responsibility of your district commissioner staff to prepare for and conduct the installation or charter presentation. When your pack's charter review meeting is held, your chartered organization representative should be ready to announce the date the chartered organization would like to have the charter presented. Discuss this with your unit commissioner. The unit commissioner conducts the presentation of the charter to the head of the chartered organization, and makes appropriate remarks on the responsibilities involved. The unit commissioner also installs the chartered organization representative, the pack committee, and the leaders, and reviews their responsibilities. If the pack is eligible for annual program awards, the unit commissioner or council representative explains what they are and presents them to the pack. If the pack is new, leaders will induct new members. If the chartered organization is a religious body, there are available impressive church investiture ceremonies. Check with your local council service center or write the Relationships Division, S226, Boy Scouts of America, 1325 West Walnut Hill Lane, P.O. Box 152079, Irving, TX 75015-2079. The pack leaders explain duties of den leaders and den chiefs, and present them their badges of office. The pack may then put on a program in which the leaders tell of the pack's plans, and request cooperation of parents and the chartered organization. CANDLELIGHT CHARTER PRESENTATION CEREMONY The charter is presented to a representative of the chartered organization at one of its meetings. Personnel: Unit commissioner, chartered organization representative, Cubmaster, pack committee chairman, seven Cub Scouts. Equipment: Seven flashlights, the lens of one covered with blue tissue paper and the other six covered with yellow tissue paper (or plastic wrap). Arrrangement : The Cubmaster calls the meeting to order. The first Cub Scout lights the blue light. Pack Committee Chairman: This blue light represents the spirit of Cub Scouting. May it ever burn brightly. 2nd Cub Scout: (Lights yellow light.) I promise to do my best to do my duty to God and my country,. . . 3rd Cub Scout: (Lights yellow light.) To help other people.... 4th Cub Scout: (Lights yellow light.) And to obey the Law of the Pack. (The other three Cub Scouts come forward. No. 5 holds the charter.) Commissioner: (To chairman.) In presenting this charter to [name of chartered organization], I ask if the pack committee agrees to work with and recruit the best adult leadership available, to conduct regular monthly pack leaders' meetings, and to assist the Cubmaster? Chairman: We will. Commissioner: (To the chartered organization representative.) Do you, as the representative of the chartered organization, promise to serve boys by providing the best leadership available; to keep informed of this pack's condition and performance, and relay this to your organization regularly; to see that the best possible Cub Scouting gets to these boys through adherence to the rules and regulations set forth by the Boy Scouts of America and the [name of local council]; and to place this charter in a prominent place for all to see that this organization operates Pack [number]? Chartered Organization Representative: I do promise. (The fifth Cub Scout then gives the charter to the chartered organization representative and salutes him.) 5th Cub Scout: (Lights yellow light.) The Cub Scout follows Akela. 6th Cub Scout: (Lights yellow light.) The Cub Scout helps the pack go. America’ Pride, America’s Future

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7th Cub Scout: (Lights yellow light.) The pack helps the Cub Scout grow. The Cub Scout gives goodwill. (The Cubmaster and Cub Scouts leave with lights still burning.) STANDARD CHARTER PRESENTATION It is recommended that all charters be presented at a meeting of the chartered organization. Invite the Cub Scout leaders, pack committee, and selected Cub Scouts to these meetings. Recommendations are made to place the pack charter in a conspicuous place in the chartered organization, so that visitors and members can see that they support Cub Scouting. Chartered Organization Representative: Tonight we have the pleasure of renewing an obligation to the youth of our area', which this organization first assumed in [year],- namely, the rechartering of our Cub Scout pack. It gives me a great deal of pleasure to introduce to you [name], who serves as [title] and who will now present to us our charter. Commissioner: Thank you, [name]. I would like at this time to congratulate the [name of chartered organization] on the way they have assumed and carried out this obligation as the chartered organization for Pack [number]. I'm sure everyone here is aware that the Boy Scouts of America issues a charter to an organization to operate a Scouting unit as part of the organization's program. I want to express the council's appreciation to [name of chartered organization] for the cooperation it has given in fulfilling this program. Now, [name], the chartered organization representative, and [name], pack chairman, please come forward. (They do.) The Boy Scouts of America is chartered by Congress, and has been since 1915. The Boy Scouts of America in turn charters your organization to carry out the full Scouting program. I hope [name of chartered organization] will continue to look upon Scouting as an important part of its program. [Name], chartered organization representative, it is with a great deal of pleasure that I now present to you the charter for Cub Scout Pack [number] for [year], and I wish your pack a happy and successful Cub Scout program in the coming year. Chartered Organization Representative: Thank you, [name]. I can assure you that [name of chartered organization] will continue to carry out the Scouting program and will cooperate in every way possible to see that the program is a success. Commissioner: [Name], as chartered organization representative it is your responsibility to serve as liaison between the pack and the chartered, organization, and to help bring the two groups together to establish and maintain a good relationship. You are also the official link with the [name of local council] and [name of local district] through your capacity as district committee member. Also, it is your duty to keep your committees recruited to full strength with able, active men and women; to see that your chartered organization is regularly informed on the work of its units; to see that the unit leaders receive recognition; and to bring to the district committee the needs and desires, problems and successes of your unit. Will you in the coming year carry out these responsibilities? Chartered Organization Representative: I will. (The commissioner presents the membership card and shakes hands.) Commissioner: [Name], as chairman of the pack committee your job is to work closely with the pack and direct the work of the pack committee. Will you in the coming year carry out these responsibilities? Chairman: I will. (The commissioner presents the membership card and shakes hands.) Commissioner: Ladies and gentlemen, it is the responsibility of the pack committee to select a Cubmaster and one or more assistants. In addition, the committee is responsible for proper facilities for the pack meetings and pack finances. In the event that the pack is without a leader, it is the responsibility of the committee to carry on the activities of the pack. Will you as a committee assume these responsibilities for the coming year? Committee: We will. (The commissioner presents each with a membership card.) Commissioner: Will [name], the Cubmaster, and assistant(s), [name], come forward please.

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Ladies and gentlemen, to you, along with the pack committee, we are entrusting the responsibility of guiding our youth through the Scouting program. On your shoulders rests the future of tomorrow's citizens. Are you prepared to accept this responsibility? Leaders: We are. (The commissioner presents each with a membership card.) Commissioner: It is always a pleasure to present a charter to an organization that has such a fine tradition of Scouting as Pack [number]. I wish you continued success in carrying on this tradition.

BOY BEHAVIOR How can you take 5-10 boys, between 1st and 4th grades, for one hour a week, teach them something, have them create something, express themselves, enjoy themselves, and still maintain your own sanity? That's a question den leaders have often asked themselves. This section hopes to offer some suggestions to help make it all possible. Trying to maintain control of a group of active Cubs isn't easy--but it's not impossible either.

BE PREPARED The first and most important thing you can do to maintain order in your den is to prepare yourself. Take advantage of all the resources available to you -- the Cub Scout Leader Book, the Den Leader How to Book and any other Scout literature you can get your hands on. Attend Basic Training, Roundtables, Pow Wow, and Workshops. Scouting has more than 75 years of resource to draw upon--take advantage of them! These sources will provide valuable information about what to expect from Cub Scout aged boys. The more you know and understand the Cub Scout program, the more confidence will be communicated to the boys. They will know that you are really in charge. Be prepared for your den meetings, too. Plan your meetings in advance and make sure you have all the materials ready and waiting for the boys. They will find something to do while you are off looking for the scissors, and it may not be what you had in mind! Have an extra song or game planned, just in case things move along faster than you expected. Spare time can be a disaster! If you have something for the boys to do every minute they will be less likely to get into trouble. Don't forget to make use of your Assistant Den Leader and/or Den Chief. They are valuable resources. They can occupy the boys with a game or a song while you record dues and advancement. An extra pair of helping hands is always welcome at the craft table, too.

EMOTIONAL NEEDS OF BOYS The emotional needs of boys between 1st and 5th grades are basically the same. All boys (in fact, all people) have:

• • • • • • • • • •

The need to be loved. The need to be accepted. The need to be noticed. The need to belong. The need to be praised and encouraged. The need to be safe and secure. The need to let off steam. The need to express themselves. The need to experiment (and make some mistakes in the process) The need to have fun.

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How each boy tries to fulfill these needs is what really makes him unique. One boy may be very timid and quiet and another loud and rowdy, but both are afraid they won't be loved. We usually notice the rowdy one, but both need our care and attention. If a boy wants to be noticed and receives a lot of attention from you when he misbehaves, his need to be noticed is fulfilled. He will probably continue his inappropriate behavior because it best fulfills his need. Well then, what's a den leader to do? Boys will be boys and will probably get into trouble. How can you deal with misbehavior, build up their self-esteem and still maintain some kind of order in your den? You need a plan of discipline. DISCIPLINE Discipline is not punishment. Discipline is setting boundaries and sticking to them. Discipline is making the child responsible for his own behavior - - telling him that if he chooses a certain course of action, what the specific consequences of that action will be. Discipline is training given to a child to mold or correct his behavior. Children need to realize they have choices. If they act one way, this will be the result. If they choose a different action, the result may be different, too. They can choose how things will go for them. As a den leader, you need to spell out for the boys what is acceptable behavior and what is not. Also, let them know the consequences for acceptable and unacceptable behavior. DEN CODE OF CONDUCT At your first den meeting sit down with the boys and discuss what a den meeting will be like and what you hope to accomplish. Introduce the cubs to the Cub Scout sign. Let them know that you have no intention of wasting your time screaming an hollering at them (the boys will appreciate that too!) and you will only be using the sign to get their attention. (A whistle is nice to use for rowdy outdoor games) Have the boys tell you what rules they think would be appropriate for den meetings. You'll be surprised; the boys will be harder on themselves than you would be. They'll be delighted when you decide to throw a rule or two out. Sample Den Code of Conduct written by boys:

• • • • • • •

Don't interrupt No nasty jokes No punching or kicking Listen to Akela and don't talk back No cussing Don't stick your tongue out or spit No talking ugly about other people

You might add a few things, like:

• •

Wipe your feet at the door. No running or yelling in the house.

Write all the rules on a poster board and display them at every meeting. You might find you need to add something later. You may also wish to review them from time to time.

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Once you have your den rules established, you need to find a system to enforce it that will work for you. One system that works well is "THREE STRIKES - YOU'RE OUT". The first time a boy breaks a rule, he receives a warning. The second time, the boy spends 5 minutes in Time Out. (Time Out is an interruption of a child's unacceptable behavior, by removing him from the scene of the action.) A chair off to the side, out of the activity of the den meeting, can serve as the Time Out area. After 5 minutes the boy is asked if he is ready to return to the group. If a boy doesn't control himself in Time Out, he moves on to his third strike. When a Cub commits his third infraction of the Code of Conduct, he is excused from the meeting and must call a parent to come and get him. Have a conference with the boy and at least one parent before he can return to the next den meeting. Be sure to explain the Den's Code of Conduct and the consequences of breaking the rules to the parents of boys in your den at each of our den parents meetings. There are a variety of ways to keep track of each boy's conduct. The best are the ones that will accentuate the boy's positive behavior instead of the negative.

TICKETS - Use carnival tickets or homemade ones. Give each boy three tickets when he arrives and have him sign his name on each ticket. When he breaks a rule, he has to give you a ticket. For each ticket lost, follow the procedure in the "Three Strikes--You're Out" format. The tickets he has left at the end of the meeting can be placed in a bank. At the end of each month, count how many tickets each boy has in the bank. Reward the boy with the best behavior (most tickets) with a special treat.

MARBLES JAR - Give each boy 3 marbles at the beginning of each meeting. Take marbles away for unacceptable behavior. At the meeting's end, the boys put their remaining marbles in a jar. When the jar is full, take a den field trip as a reward. Don't make the jar too big. The goal will be too hard and the boys will lose interest. A month is about the right amount of time to work toward a field trip. Adjust the size of the jar accordingly.

CARD PUNCHES - Give each boy an index card at the beginning of the den meeting. Have him sign it. If he breaks a rule, ask to see his card and punch a hole in it with a paper punch. If he has no punches at the end of the meeting, give him a special treat.

DEN CANDLE - Light a candle at the beginning of the den meeting. The goal is to keep the candle burning. If a boy misbehaves, the candle is blown out. When the candle has completely burned down, you can celebrate with a field trip or a special treat. The disadvantage with this method is that one boy's misbehavior can spoil it for the whole den. Also, it's hard to keep the candle lit if you are meeting outdoors.

COUP AND BEADS - An Indian coup and beads can be used in conjunction with any of the above methods. The boys can make their own coups out of leather or vinyl. They could be worn on their belts or around their necks. The boys can earn beads for:

• • • • • • •

Attending a den meeting Coming in uniform with their books. Advancement Pack meeting attendance Participation in pack events (Pinewood Derby, fund raisers) Participation in district or council events Having no "strikes" at the end of a den meeting

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DEN METHODS Here are some proven methods that you may want to try with your den: Use the Cub Scout sign. Don't raise your voice! If you use the sign consistently, the boys will respond to it. If they seem to be becoming lax in their response, make a contest out of it. See who will respond to the sign first by becoming quiet and holding up their own sign. You could give a special treat at the end of the meeting to the boy who was first the most times. Make den awards really special. Have a ceremony for Instant Recognition, Passing of the Denner Cord, etc. Just because these awards are made at a den meeting doesn't mean they aren't special and important. Have a special opening and closing ceremony for each den meeting. This can set the tone for the meeting as well as signal the boys that the meeting has started. Know your boys! Knowing them will help you understand him better. REMEMBER, every boy is different. LET BOYS BE BOYS! Let them be rowdy when appropriate. Be sure to give them a chance to let off some steam through songs and games (especially if you meet right after school). Use a TALKING FEATHER (or stick). A talking feather is a large feather that the boys can pass around. Only the person with the feather may speak. The boys really respect this because they all want a turn. Make sure your projects are suited to the age and ability of the boys in your den. Don't make it so easy that they could become bored. On the other hand, don't make it too hard. Supervise ALL activities. Don't just send the boys outside to play. Utilize your assistant den leader and or den chief. Deal calmly and reasonable with any problems that may arise. Give the boys a chance to tell their side of the story. Your example of fairness will carry over into other aspects of their lives. Explain the reasons for your rules. Let the boys know there are choices that are made by the leaders and choices made by the boys. Be aware of your limitation. As a leader you may never know what an impact you could have in a boy's life. However, some things are beyond your control. Do whatever you can do to help a boy but realize that you can't do everything. He will be aware of and remember your kindness and caring.

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AMERICAN PRIDE DISPLAY AND USE OF THE AMERICAN FLAG From the Federal Flag Code -- Public Law 94-344 (36 USC 10) The Flag Code contains rules for proper handling and display of the Flag of the United States of America. The Code declares the flag to be a "living symbol" of our country. The flag should be treated courteously, as if it were a person. Three values are symbolized by the official colors of the flag -- Old Glory Red for bravery, Old Glory Blue for loyalty, white for strength. Following the rules in the Flag Code shows honor and respect for our fellow citizens, our values and the country "for which it stands." A summary of the official guidelines for display and use of the flag are in the next two sections of this page. A short historical footnote appears in the last section. DISPLAYING THE FLAG Hoist briskly and lower ceremoniously (slowly). When displayed at half-staff, the flag should first be hoisted to the peak of the staff and then lowered slowly. On Memorial Day, display at half-staff until noon and then raise to the peak of the staff. Display the flag only during daylight unless illuminated. Display only in fair weather or use an all-weather flag. Display on any day, patriotic days and holidays in particular. Carry or display to marching right (flag's right) of other flags, or in front of them. No other flag or pennant should be placed above or at the same level to the right of the U.S. flag. When part of a group of flags displayed from staffs, the U.S. Flag is the first to be raised and the last to be lowered. When displayed against a wall, the union (the blue field containing the stars) should be at the top of the flag on the observer's left. When part of a group of three or more flags displayed from staffs, the U.S. flag should be at the center and at the highest point of the group. When the U.S. flag and flags of other nations are displayed as a group, all are flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags should be of approximately equal size and none may be displayed higher than another. In a meeting place, the U.S. flag may be displayed on a staff in front of the audience to the right of the speaker's podium (any other flags are displayed to the left of the speaker). When used to cover a casket, the union should be at the head and over the left shoulder of the deceased.

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USE OF THE FLAG • •

The U.S. flag should never be dipped to any person or thing (other flags are dipped to it).



The flag should be carried aloft and free, never flat or horizontally.



Never use the flag:

The flag should never touch anything beneath it.



as a covering, clothing, bedding, drapery, or decoration,



in a manner to damage or soil it,



to cover a ceiling,



for advertising purposes,



on disposable items (napkins, etc.),



to hold or carry anything,



as part of a costume or athletic uniform (a flag patch may be affixed to the uniform of military personnel, firemen, policemen, and members of patriotic organizations).



Never attach any other thing (mark, insignia, lettering, picture, etc.) to the flag.



When a flag is no longer fit for display, destroy it in a dignified way, preferably by burning.



When reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, the national anthem is playing, the flag is raised, lowered or at the moment of passing in a parade or review, citizens stand at attention facing the flag and:

• •

place their hand or hat (if wearing one) over their heart, or



A flag lapel pin should be worn on the left lapel near the heart.

give a salute if in uniform.

The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag is "I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." Historical Footnote A recent discovery was made about the Bennington Flag that has not been included in most U.S. flag histories. The traditional story places this flag at the beginning of the Revolutionary War in 1776. Supposedly, it was carried by Vermont militiamen at the Battle of Bennington, making it the first U.S. flag to be carried in combat. However, a new story based on documentary and scientific evidence emerged during restoration work in 1996. It seems that Nathaniel Fillmore commissioned the creation of this flag in the early 19th century (about 1810). Nathaniel Fillmore was a veteran of the Revolutionary War and a participant in the Battle of Bennington. The "76" in the flag design may commemorate the earlier victory over the British. He presented the flag to his nephew, Septa Fillmore, shortly after the outbreak of war with England in 1812. Colonel Septa Fillmore served with distinction during the War of 1812. He fought in the Battle of Plattsburg where the flag may have been displayed. The flag remained in the Fillmore family until it was donated to the Bennington Museum in 1926.

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I AM THE FLAG by Ruth Apperson Rous I am the flag of the United States of America. I was born on June 14, 1777, in Philadelphia. There the Continental Congress adopted my stars and stripes as the national flag. My thirteen stripes alternating red and white, with a union of thirteen white stars in a field of blue, represented a new constellation, a new nation dedicated to the personal and religious liberty of mankind. Today fifty stars signal from my union, one for each of the fifty sovereign states in the greatest constitutional republic the world has ever known. My colors symbolize the patriotic ideals and spiritual qualities of the citizens of my country. My red stripes proclaim the fearless courage and integrity of American men and boys and the self-sacrifice and devotion of American mothers and daughters. My white stripes stand for liberty and equality for all. My blue is the blue of heaven, loyalty, and faith. I represent these eternal principles: liberty, justice, and humanity. I embody American freedom: freedom of speech, religion, assembly, the press, and the sanctity of the home. I typify that indomitable spirit of determination brought to my land by Christopher Columbus and by all my forefathers - the Pilgrims, Puritans, settlers at James town and Plymouth. I am as old as my nation. I am a living symbol of my nation's law: the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights. I voice Abraham Lincoln's philosophy: "A government of the people, by the people,for the people." I stand guard over my nation's schools, the seedbed of good citizenship and true patriotism. I am displayed in every schoolroom throughout my nation; every schoolyard has a flag pole for my display. Daily thousands upon thousands of boys and girls pledge their allegiance to me and my country. I have my own law—Public Law 829, "The Flag Code" - which definitely states my correct use and display for all occasions and situations. I have my special day, Flag Day. June 14 is set aside to honor my birth. Americans, I am the sacred emblem of your country. I symbolize your birthright, your heritage of liberty purchased with blood and sorrow. I am your title deed of freedom, which is yours to enjoy and hold in trust for posterity. If you fail to keep this sacred trust inviolate, if I am nullified and destroyed, you and your children will become slaves to dictators and despots. Eternal vigilance is your price of freedom.

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As you see me silhouetted against the peaceful skies of my country, remind yourself that I am the flag of your country, that I stand for what you are - no more, no less. Guard me well, lest your freedom perish from the earth. Dedicate your lives to those principles for which I stand: "One nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." I was created in freedom. I made my first appearance in a battle for human liberty. God grant that I may spend eternity in my "land of the free and the home of the brave" and that I shall ever be known as "Old Glory," the flag of the United States of America.

THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE

by Red Skelton

When I was a small boy in Vinsance, Indiana, I heard, I think, one of the most outstanding speeches I have ever heard in my life. I think it compares to a sermon on the mound, Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and Socrates' speech to the students. We had just finished reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, and he called us all together. And he says: "Boys and girls, I have been listening to you recite the Pledge of Allegiance all semester and it seems that it has become monotonous to you. Or could it be, you do not understand the meaning of each word. If I may, I would like to recite the Pledge and give you a definition for each word:

I me, an individual, a committee of one. PLEDGE dedicated all of my worldly goods to give without self pity. ALLEGIANCE my love and my devotion. TO THE FLAG Our standard. Old Glory. A symbol of courage. Wherever she waves here is respect because your loyalty has given her a dignity that shouts "freedom is everyone's job." OF THE UNITED that means that we have all come together. STATES individual communities that have united into 48 great states. 48 individual communities with pride and dignity and purpose, all divided with imaginary boundaries, yet united to a common purpose, and that's love for country.

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OF AMERICA AND TO THE REPUBLIC a state in which sovereign power is invested in representatives chosen by the people to govern. And government is the people and it's from the people to the leaders, not from the leaders to the people. FOR WHICH IT STANDS. ONE NATION meaning so blessed by God. INDIVISIBLE incapable of being divided. WITH LIBERTY which is freedom and the right of power to live one's own life without threats or fear of some sort of retaliation. AND JUSTICE the principle or quality of dealing fairly with others. FOR ALL which means it's as much your country as it is mine.

Now let me hear you recite the Pledge of Allegiance:

I pledge allegiance, to t51 he flag, of the United States of America, and to the republic, for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty, and justice for all. Since I was a small boy, two states have been added to our country and two words have been added to the Pledge of Allegiance. . . "under God". Wouldn't it be a pity if someone said, "that's a prayer" and that would be eliminated from schools too.

FLAG RETIREMENT CEREMONIES A flag is never said to be burned - it is retired. That means it is NOT a Flag Burning Ceremony. Disposing a flag that is worn, faded, or tattered by retiring (burning it) is the only method approved by Congress. The burning should take place at a ceremony, which shows respect and honor to the flag/s being retired. If you are attending a Flag Retirement with younger scouts, you may want to take the time to explain about the ceremony. Some young scouts may not see the difference between the flags being burned on TV by some demonstrator and the one being retired. A few minutes of explanation before the ceremony may save tears and worries during it.

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Where can a flag retirement ceremony take place? Many scouting events lend well to ceremonies. What do I need? What you need often depends on the ceremony you choose. You will need a flag that needs to be retired, a fire, and an outdoor area to perform the ceremony. Where do I get a flag if I do not have one? Check with your local council office. People drop off often flags. Your local schools may be a source. Your sponsoring organization may be able to help. Check with your VFW Posts and other Veteran's posts. An ad in a local paper may get you more flags than you want but it can be another source. Almost anywhere a flag is flown on a regular schedule like a bank, post office, car dealerships etc. What should I be careful of while doing the ceremony? First, you need a fire that is active but not huge. If a fire has just been started, the flag may put the fire out rather than burn. Next, be careful of wind. If it is windy, the flag may catch fire then blow out causing a problem. Make sure everyone knows his or her part in the ceremony. This will help insure things go well. Make sure all precautions are taken that would normally be done when a campfire is set. And last, Beware of the flag material. Some flags will melt rather than burn, others will flare up when touched by flames. Where can I burn the flag for retirement? Campfires are often the main place flags are retired. You can also use large 55 gallon drums (be careful for these act as chimineies and will push the flag in the air if not careful.) Some units have built special burning bins to retire large flags and large quantity of flags. Below are a few ceremonies that I have collected. If you have any flag retirement ceremonies that you would like posted or linked to, please e-mail me the information. Flag Retirement Ceremonies

A U.S. FLAG RETIREMENT CEREMONY TO DESTROY A WORN U.S. FLAG Composed by Stan Pope This ceremony provides an example of, and an explanation of, the etiquette related to destroying a worn U.S. flag. Of all the Flag Burning ceremonies I have seen, this is most elegant in its simplicity and completeness. Group participation is as important as it is moving. [I am told that the suggestions in the BSA Publication "Your Flag" have changed, and that they no longer include the suggestion to cut the flag into pieces before burning. This may be because some folks felt it to be offensive. Know your group. Use your best judgment. Carry out your ceremony with solemnity and respect.] [I am also told that some modern synthetic materials emit much noxious smoke when burned. This could detract significantly from the effect of the ceremony. Such flags might better be disposed in more private circumstances. -- SBP.] Advance Preparation: Prepare the worn flag by cutting off the supporting edge, and cutting the remaining flag into about 24 to 96 pieces for typical flags. (Pieces about 8" by 12" work well, but be sure to have enough so that everyone in attendance will have at least one.) Cut one of the stars from a piece of the blue field, and cut a bit of a red and a white stripe. Run a length of wire, approximately 12 inches, through the grommets in the standing edge and fasten the ends of the wire together. This will make retrieval of the grommets more reliable after the ceremony. Group five key pieces (the standing edge, star, the blue field America’ Pride, America’s Future

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

and two pieces of stripes) so that they can be located easily, perhaps by fastening them together with a large safety pin. Fold all of the pieces into a properly folded American Flag which will convey the worn flag to the ceremony. Prepare a cassette tape recording of the National Anthem with about 5 second of blank leader and a minute or two of blank trailer. Have a tape player with the volume set and player positioned so that the tape can be started from your speaking position without fumbling. Prepare a modest fire lay, such as a council fire approximately 18" to 24" square by 12" to 16" high. Recruit four or more Color Guards who will carry the flag and who will carefully unfold it during the ceremony. Run through the unfolding ahead of time so that they can do it without dropping pieces of the worn flag. Extra Color Guards will distribute flag pieces to Honor Guards. The fire should have about a 15-minute head start so that it is blazing well and has formed a good bed of coals. Use lots of light, split wood to accomplish this. Ceremony: [Leader and Color Guard take place at the side of the ceremony area. Leader, take place behind the fire, facing the audience.] "United States Federal Law provides that 'The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning.' (36 U.S.C. 176(k)) "According to the BSA publication 'Your Flag', 'When our national flag is worn beyond repair, cut it into small pieces that will burn easily and completely on a modest, but blazing fire. This should be done in a simple manner with dignity and respect. Be sure the flag is reduced to ashes unrecognizable as a former flag.' "This duty may be carried out less ceremoniously than we will do here, and it need not be more ceremonious. It is, I believe, important that the assembled group be participants rather than spectators. I ask you to serve as Honor Guards for this ceremony. On command, please form a circle around the fire so that the Color Guards are a part of your circle. "I hope that you will find this ceremony as moving as I did when I first experienced it. "Color Guard, Advance!" [Color Guard forms a line behind the fire, occupying as much space as they will require to unfold the flag.] "Honor Guard, Assemble" [Wait until the group completes the circle.] "Color Guard, Present the Colors!" [Color Guard carefully unfolds the flag. Extra members of the Color Guard may support the center of the flag from behind. The flag is left in approximately level position.] [When the flag has been unfolded, extra Color Guard members first hand standing edge to leader, then each take a bundle of pieces and distribute them to the Honor Guard, withholding pieces for the Color Guard. Color Guards should fold the Colors. They will place their pieces of flag on the fire after the leader, and then wait, at attention, until the last pieces of flag have been placed on the fire. When the pieces have been distributed...] "This flag has flown proudly over our community, but it is now worn beyond repair. [Adjust this sentence as appropriate.] I will place these pieces in different parts of the fire so that each can burn fully and easily. Here is the standing edge [place it in the fire]... a piece of a red stripe... a piece of a white stripe... a piece of the blue field... and one of the stars... "Honor Guard, two by two, in an orderly manner, starting with the Color Guard, please place your piece of the flag carefully on the fire."

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[When the last piece of flag has been placed in the fire and the Honor Guard have returned to their places, start the tape player.] "Honor Guard, Salute!" [Wait for the Anthem to complete.] "Two! Color Guard, Dismiss!" [Wait for the Color Guard to withdraw from the circle.] "Honor Guard, Dismiss!" [Stop the tape player.]

I AM YOUR FLAG author Unknown An American Flag retirement ceremony for Scout group campfires> Scouts stand in flanking line on one side of fire. MC stands at rear of fire facing audience, asks audience to stand. Color Guard (3 scouts minimum) will approach fire from rear of audience, walk past line of Scouts, then stop at rear of fire facing audience. The Color Guard slowly unfurls flag on far side of campfire so it shows through the flames while MC reads. MC: "I am your Flag. I appear in many places. I have taken many forms and been called many names. I was authorized by congress in 1818 in the form you see now and have remained unchanged except to add a new star each July 4th after a new state joined the union until I reached my present number of 50." "I am more than just red, white and blue cloth shaped into a design. I am a silent sentinel of freedom. People of every country in the world know me on sight. Many countries love me as you do. Other countries look at me with contempt because they don't allow the freedom of Democracy that I represent -- but country looks on me with respect. I am strong and the people of America have made me strong. My strength comes from your willingness to give help to those who are in need. You strive for world peace yet stand ready to fight oppression. You send resources and offer technology to less fortunate countries so they may strive to become self-sufficient. You feed starving children. You offer a home to anyone who will pledge allegiance to me." "Your sons gather beneath me to offer their lives on the battlefields, to preserve the Liberty I represent. That's why I love the American people. That's why I have flown so proudly." "Scouts and their families are some of my favorite people. I listen to your patriotic songs. I'm there at your flag ceremonies and I appreciate the tender care you give me. I feel the love when you say your pledge. I notice that your hand covers your heart when I am on parade. How smartly you salute as I pass by and I ripple with pleasure when I see it." "Now I am tired and it's time for me to rest in the Sacred Flames of your campfire. My colors are faded and my cloth is tattered but my spirit remains unbroken. To set my spirit loose, first cut the blue field away from my stripes." MC pauses. Color Guard leader uses scissors to remove blue field. MC: "Tear each of my 13 stripes and lay it on the fire, one at a time. As you do this, think about the 13 original colonies and the pioneers who carved a nation out of a wilderness. They risked everything to fight for the Independence which we enjoy today." Color Guard leader uses scissors to start each stripe, then tears it; another Guard hands each stripe to the next Scout waiting in line. Scout takes stripe in both hands, then walks toward fire, places stripe in base of flames, salutes, then walks to form flanking line on opposite side each facing fire. MC: (continue slowly reading through next section, timing each state to a fresh stripe) "My first state was Virginia, then Massachusetts, then New York, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and finally Georgia." "As you cut and rip me apart and watch me burn, do not be sad or feel sorry for me. I have had the great Honor of being your flag of the United Stated of America and the Republic for which I stand, one Nation under God, indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all."

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MC: "When my stripes are gone, kiss the blue field and lay it across the fire. Then stand silently as you watch each star twinkle and fade into ashes." Color Guard leader takes blue field, brings it to his lips, and then lays it on the top of the fire. Pause silently until blue field has been consumed. "Now I am just a memory, but if there is a tear in your eye or a lump in your throat; if you felt a shiver in your spine as you watched me burn, then I will be back the next time you need me and my colors will be fresh and bright and my edges won't be ragged anymore. When I climb to the top of the flagpole, I'll wave at you and remember the love and respect that you have showed me here tonight." "And now Scouts, families, Citizens - Good night."

THE AMERICAN'S CREED "I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the people by the people, for the people, whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a Republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect Union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my Country to love it; to support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies." Historical Notes: The American's Creed was a result of a nationwide contest for writing a National Creed, which would be a brief summary of the American political faith founded upon things fundamental in American history and tradition. The contest was the idea of Henry Sterling Chapin, Commissioner of Education of New York State. Over three thousand entries were received, and William Tyler Page was declared to be the winner. James H. Preston, the mayor of Baltimore, presented an award to Page in the House of Representatives Office Building on April 3, 1918. The Speaker of the House of Representatives and the commissioner of education of the state of New York accepted the Creed for the United States, and the proceedings relating to the award were printed in the Congressional Record of April 13, 1918. It was a time when patriotic sentiments were very much in vogue. The United States had been a participant in World War I only a little over a year at the time the Creed was adopted. The author of the American's Creed, William Tyler Page, was a descendant of John Page, who had come to America in1650 and had settled in Williamsburg, Virginia. Another ancestor, Carter Braxton, had signed the Declaration of Independence. Still another ancestor, John Tyler, was the tenth president of the United States. William Tyler Page had come to Washington at the age of thirteen to serve as a Capitol Page. Later he became an employee of the Capitol building and served in that capacity for almost sixty-one years. In 1919 he was elected clerk of the House. Thirteen years later, when the Democrats again became a majority party, they created for Page the office of minority clerk of the House of Representatives. He held this position for the remainder of his life. Referring to the Creed, Page said: "It is the summary of the fundamental principles of the American political faith as set forth in its greatest documents, its worthiest traditions, and its greatest leaders." His wording of the Creed used passages and phrases from the Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the Constitution, Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, and Daniel Webster's reply to Robert Y. Hayne in the Senate in 1830.

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PROUD TO BE AN AMERICAN Proud to Be an American: Witness to Kosovars' Arrival By 1st Lt. Mike Nachshen, USAF Special to the American Forces Press Service MCGUIRE AIR FORCE BASE, N.J. -- I was on the flight line helping escort about 325 reporters when Tower Air 747, call sign Kosovo One, touched down May 5 at 4:18 p.m. As the wide-bodied plane descended with a manifest of more than 400 Kosovar refugees, a hush fell over the assembled reporters. The only sound was that of the aircraft's wheels making contact with the tarmac. What struck me was that I was watching history in the making, and that I was playing a small (extremely small) part in this momentous event. A few moments later, the first refugees began departing the plane and boarding buses that would take them to their temporary home at nearby Fort Dix. I was less than 100 feet from the refugees, and was able to see their faces as they stepped off the plane. The first person I saw walk down the stairs was a little boy, probably 7 or 8 years old. His face and clothes were dirty, he clutched a ragged teddy bear in his right hand and a small blue plastic bag in his right -- at that moment in time, that was everything he owned. He squinted into the bright light at the hundreds of reporters, VIPs and uniformed people there and made his way toward the bus. Then a woman, holding the hands of her two small children, walked off the plane, followed by a man bent with old age who wore a traditional skullcap on his head. As the refugees continued to disembark, I tried to put myself in their shoes. I tried to imagine what it must have been like to be chased out of their homeland at gun point, to see loved ones murdered and raped and homes burnt to the ground, to walk hundreds of miles to a squalid refugee camp, then board a plane and, finally, arrive in a country where there would be enough to eat, a bed to sleep in, and a military that protects, not persecutes, its citizens. I think I must have got a speck of dust in my eyes, because they started to water and wouldn't stop. About an hour later, I was in a gym in the Fort Dix Kosovar compound, informally dubbed "The Village." As various officials briefed the new arrivals, I found myself looking at our Kosovar guests. I think they were bewildered, overwhelmed -- and touched -- by all the attention they were receiving. I watched small children play. They ran around, wrestled with each other, played tag, and did everything they could to drive their mothers nuts. What really struck me was that these kids, despite what they'd been through, played the same way American kids do. Then, the floor of the gym was swarming with large men wearing black suits and sunglasses, speaking into hand-held microphones and looking everywhere for bad guys. Moments later, first lady Hillary Clinton took the mike. She talked for about 10 minutes -- I don't remember everything she said, because what stands out in my mind happened after she started to leave. As she headed toward the door, the refugees stood up, and started chanting "U-S-A, U-S-A." Everyone was on their feet, from little old ladies in babushka scarves to teen-agers wearing blue jeans and Miami Dolphin jackets. The gym was shaking from their enthusiastic clapping and foot-stomping. I can't tell you how proud I felt at that moment. Even now, days after the event, I can still hear them chanting and can still see them on their feet, cheering with everything they had. Words, and the television footage that has dominated the evening news, cannot capture the outpouring of emotion in that room. I'm sure they felt relief and gratitude because they were no longer in harm's way, but I also think they felt something more. I think these people were genuinely ecstatic about being in America, a country that

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espouses the values of liberty, equality and justice, a country with laws that protect people against the kind of hatred the Kosovars escaped. And a country willing to take a stand, and lead our NATO allies against a brutal dictator who uses thug-like tactics to accomplish his goals. It's probably safe to say that every other airman and soldier in the gym was caught up in the pep-rally feel of the moment. Several GIs were shouting and clapping along with the refugees. I also think there must have been a lot of dust in the room, because the three soldiers standing next to me were rubbing their eyes. As I listened to these people who had been chased out of their homeland fill the gym with their voices, I realized that this was why I had joined the Air Force -- to serve my country and make the world a better, safer place. I have never felt more proud to wear my uniform, and I have never felt so proud to be a citizen of America - the greatest country in the world. [First Lt. Mike Nachshen is deputy chief of public affairs at McGuire Air Force Base, N.J.]

GOD BLESS THE U.S.A. by Lee Greenwood If tomorrow all the things were gone I'd worked for all my life, And I had to start again with just my children and my wife, I'd thank my lucky stars to be living here today, 'Cause the flag still stands for freedom and they can't take that away. I'm proud to be an American where at least I know I'm free, And I won't forget the men who died who gave that right to me, And I gladly stand up next to you and defend her still today, 'Cause there ain't no doubt I love this land God Bless the U.S.A. From the lakes of Minnesota to the hills of Tennessee, Across the plains of Texas from sea to shining sea. From Detroit down to Houston and New York to L.A., There's pride in every American heart and it's time we stand and say: I'm proud to be an American where at least I know I'm free, And I won't forget the men who died who gave that right to me, And I gladly stand up next to you and defend her still today, 'Cause there ain't no doubt I love this land God Bless the U.S.A.

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CRAFTS CRAFT RECIPES BEST BUBBLE SOLUTION

FACE PAINTS

6 c water 2 c dishwashing liquid 3/4 c light corn syrup Mix all the ingredients together in a dishpan. Put in a jar and give it to your boys. It should be used right away.

BODY PAINTS

WARNING: NON-EDIBLE

2 c non-irritating baby shampoo

6 tsp corn starch 3 tsp water; divided 3 tsp cold cream Food coloring 6 c Muffin tin In each cup of the muffin tin, put 1 teaspoon of cornstarch, 1/2 teaspoon each of cold cream and water. Add a different color food coloring to each cup. Mix well. Now you are ready. See if you can get your grown-up assistant to sit still and let you practice.

COFFEE GROUNDS DOUGH 2 c used, dry coffee grounds ½ c salt 1 ½ c cornmeal warm water

powdered tempura paints Divide the shampoo into two or more portions (depending on number of children who will playing). Stir in enough tempura paints to make a mediumdensity color. Outside: The children can smooth this onto their bodies, lathering to make shapes and designs. This comes off easily by running through the sprinklers. From: Carl Berger Date: 12-03-93

Mix dry ingredients together. Add enough warm water to moisten.

BREAD EDIBLE FUNDOUGH

INVISIBLE WRITING 1 tablet of laxative 1 tsp rubbing alcohol cotton balls household ammonia

1/2 c hot water 3 c flour 1 tsp salt 2 tbs sugar 2 tbs oil Raisins (optional) 1/2 pkg dry yeast 1/2 c evaporated milk Dissolve yeast in 2 additional tablespoons warm water. Mix together all ingredients except the flour and raisins. Stir in 2 cups flour. Add more flour until dough leaves the sides of the bowl and can be kneaded. Divide into portions. Continue kneading single portions until dough becomes springy. Add raisins if desired, and knead them in. Let the dough rise until double in size. Knead it down again. Let the dough rise for a second time. Knead it down again. Shape dough into balls or other forms. Place shapes onto an oiled pan and let them rise again until double in size. Bake at 375 degrees F until lightly brown.

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This dough has a unique texture and is good to roll, pat, and pound.

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Mash the laxative tablet into the tablespoon of alcohol. Be sure the tablet is entirely dissolved. Write a message on the paper with paintbrush dipped into the solution. As the solution dries, the writing will disappear. To develop the message: dampen the cotton ball with liquid ammonia and dab it on the page. The writing will reappear.

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

DO-IT-YOURSELF "GOOFY PUTTY”

DO-IT-YOURSELF "SLIME”

by Steven Spangler

by Steven Spangler 2 tsp. Guar Gum 1 tbs. borax water mixing bowl food coloring zipper lock bag 2 empty plastic soda w/caps

1 tbs. borax food coloring 1 c water empty plastic soda bottle w/cap Elmer's white glue (Do NOT substitute) zipper-lock bag (quart size) Making The Borax Water: Borax is a type of powder soap that is available in most grocery stores. Add 1 tablespoon borax powder to 1 cup of water. Stir until most of the powder dissolves. Store the borax water in a jar or bottle, and label the. Remember: one cup of borax water makes many batches of "Goofy Putty".

Making The Borax Water: Borax is a type of powder soap that is available in most grocery stores. Add 1 tablespoon Borax powder to 1 cup of water. Stir until most of the powder dissolves. Store the Borax Water in a jar or bottle, and label the container "BORAX & WATER MIXTURE". Remember that one cup of Borax Water will make many batches of "SLIME".

Preparing The Glue: Measure 1 tablespoon of Elmer's Glue into a zipper-lock bag. Add 1 teaspoon of plain water to the bag and mix. The additional water makes the glue flow better. Add a drop of food coloring to spice up the experiment.

Preparing The Guar Gum (available at health food stores): Measure 4 cups (approximately 1 litre) of warm water into a large mixing bowl. Add 10 drops of food coloring - possibly green! SLOWLY (very slowly) stir in 2 teaspoons of guar gum. This fine powder has a tendency to clump up if it is not stirred into the water slowly. After thoroughly mixing, pour the guar gum mixture into a soda bottle and label it appropriately.

Making Goofy Putty: Add 1 tablespoon of borax water to the bag of watered-down glue. Seal the bag and squeeze for 2 minutes in order to thoroughly mix the liquids. Notice that the liquids are starting to form a putty-like substance. Remove the putty from the bag and continue to squeeze. How Does It Work: The mixture of Elmer's Glue with borax and water produces a putty-like material called a polymer. In simplest terms, a polymer is a long chain of molecules. As a model for these chains of molecules, picture in your mind strands of cooked spaghetti. If the polymer chains slide past each other easily, then the substance acts like a liquid because the molecules flow. If the molecules hook together at a few places along the strand, then the substance behaves like a rubbery solid called an elastomer. Borax is the chemical that is responsible for hooking the glue's molecules together to form the putty-like material. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WITH CHEMICALS: Although these substances are not considered hazardous, treat all chemicals with care and wash your hands after handling. Do not taste or eat this material. Do not pour this material down the sink. Do not allow this material to remain on clothing, upholstery, wood surfaces, or carpet. This substance may damage the surface. Clean up any spill immediately.

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Making Slime: Pour 1/2 cup of the guar gum mixture into a clean zipper-lock bag. Add 1 teaspoon of the borax water mixture that you made previously. Seal the bag and shake. Within seconds you'll have prepared your very own batch of SLIME! This gooey mixture will retain its slimy properties for 1-2 days before finally turning into a watery mess. When the SLIME is no longer good, seal it in the zipper-lock bag and throw it away. Do not pour it down the drain. How Does It Work: The mixture of guar gum with Borax and water produces a slime- like material called a polymer. In simplest terms, a polymer is a long chain of molecules. Borax is the chemical that is responsible for hooking the guar gum molecules together to form the SLIME. Guar gum is actually a vegetable gum commonly used as a thickening agent in various food products and cosmetics. Additional guar gum may be purchased at a health food store. The guar gum and water mixture may only last a few days. You can prolong the shelf life of the mixture by keeping it in the refrigerator. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WITH CHEMICALS: Although these substances are not considered hazardous, you should treat all chemicals with care and wash your hands after handling. Do not taste or eat this material, Do not pour any of these experiments down the sink. Clean up any spill immediately.

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

QUICK AND EASY MODELING DOUGH

RESIN PAPER-MACHE PASTE

3/4 cup flour (use any kind except for self-rising flour) 1/2 cup salt 1 ½ tsp powdered alum 1 ½ tspvegetable oil food coloring 1. Combine flour, salt, and alum in a mixing bowl. 2. Add vegetable oil and boiling water. Stir vigorously with a spoon until well blended. Dough should not stick to the sides of the bowl and should be cool enough to handle. 3. Add food colouring and knead into dough until colour is well blended and the dough is the desired tint.

1/2 cup non-self-rising wheat flour 1/4 cup powdered resin glue 1/2 cup warm water 1 ½ cups hot water 4 drops oil of cinnamon 1. Mix flour and resin glue in a saucepan. 2. Make a paste by adding 1/2 cup warm water. Add hot water, stirring vigorously to prevent lumps. 3. Cook over low heat, stirring constantly, until mixture is thick, clear, and smooth.

Makes about 1 cup. Double the recipe for large projects. For groups, mix several double recipes rather then one large amount.

4. Add oil of cinnamon.

How to Use it: This is an excellent play dough. It has a smooth texture, takes about 15 minutes to make, and dries to a hard finish overnight. Use it to make lovely dough flowers as well as animals and other figures. Store in a jar with a tight lid. Dough will several months without refrigeration.

How to use it: For best results, use this paste within a few days of preparation. The paste gives a very hard finish to paper-mache projects as furniture, candlesticks, and bowls. Store paste in a covered glass jar.

SALT DOUGH

WATERPROOF OR GLASS GLUE

Makes about 1 pint

Makes about 1/3 cup

1 c salt 1/2 c cornstarch 3/4 c cold water

2 packets (1/2 ounce) unflavored gelatin 2 tbs. cold water 3 tbs. skim milk several drops oil of cloves (optional)

Stir all ingredients together over low heat. Stir constantly to prevent burning. In 2 or 3 minutes it will thicken and can no longer be stirred.

1. In a small bowl, sprinkle gelatin over cold water. Set aside to soften.

Turn out onto waxed paper or aluminum foil and cool. When cool, knead until smooth. If the dough dries out, add some water. This recipe makes nice ornaments that are rolled and cut with cookie cutters or designed freehand. Allow to air-dry.

2. Heat milk to boiling point and pour into softened gelatin. Stir until gelatin is dissolved. 3. Add oil of cloves as preservative if glue is to be kept for more than a day. How to use it: While the glue is still warm, brush a thin layer on the objects to be glued. This is the best glue to use for projects in which glass must be adhered to glass. For gluing decorations on glass jars, it is best to use the glue in its liquid state. For gluing marbles together or gluing metal ornaments to metal cans, use the glue in its gelled state. This glue is waterproof and can be used to mend china, to glue labels on home-canned foods and jellies, or to glue wood to wood. Store glue in a screw-capped jar. It will gel as it cools, but this will not affect its adhesiveness. Set jar in a pan of hot water to soften glue for reuse.

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CRAFT PROJECTS BOAT MATERIALS * One half-gallon (or two-liter) milk carton, cut in half lengthwise. * Three drinking straws. Use the straight kind, not the kind that curves. * A piece of plastic wrap. * Thread or light string. * Scotch tape. * Some small toys or objects to put in the boat. With these supplies and the help of an adult, you can have fun building this boat. 1.

Tape one straw near the top of the mast straw and another about three inches up from the bottom of the mast straw.

2.

Make your sail by carefully trimming the plastic wrap and taping it between the two sail straws.

3.

Tape the entire mast assembly inside the center of your milk carton boat.

4.

Tie four strings to the top of the mast. Tape the other ends of these strings to the four corners of the milk carton boat. (If you can, punch holes in the carton corners and tie the ends of the strings through the holes instead of taping them to the corners.)

Once you've completed your boat, you will need to find somewhere to play with it. A pond, pool, or bathtub will work just fine. If there is any wind, you will want to release your boat upwind. If you're trying to sail it in a big pond or lake, you might want to tie a long string to the back of your boat (fishing line works great) so it won't get lost. I hope you have lots of fun with your new sailboat.

LEAF AND FLOWER PRINT BANDANNAS What you will need: White bandannas or squares of white cotton material, an assortment of fresh leaves and flowers, and a rubber mallet. What to do: 1. Place waxed paper under your bandanna and then place a leaf or flower between the bandanna and the waxed paper. 2. Use a rubber mallet to pound on the leaves until the color from the leaf or flower comes through the material. Continue this way with other leaves and flowers until the entire bandanna is covered. The bandannas will be washable, but don’t use Clorox or a strong detergent when washing it.

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CORAL SNAKE The colorful coral snake is found in the southern desert region of the United States. It's small but very poisonous. Make his brightly colored rings with coiled strips of foam. MATERIALS 8mm black bead 2 red chenille stems 2 wiggle eyes - 8 mm scissors glue sequin pins adhesive foam sheets - black, orange and yellow Optional: plain foam sheets and glue 1.

Bend a 1" hook in one end of two chenille stems. Interlock hooks then twist securely. Add a black bead to one end of chenille stem. Wrap a 1" hook around bead, then twist hook onto chenille stem. Trim chenille from stem around bead. Bend a 1" fork tongue at the other end of stems. Twist each fork together.

2.

Cut adhesive foam strips as shown. Remove paper backing from shortest black foam strip. Beginning at bead end, wrap foam strip around chenille stem. Wrap the shortest yellow strip next to the black coil. Wrap the shortest orange strip next to the yellow coil. Push coils together toward bead end. Continue adding foam strips, graduating from shortest to longest strips. Insert a sequin pin at the end of each coil to hold in place.

3.

Cut two head shapes with neck tab. Cut and remove paper backing on each tab on back of head only. Stick tabs and head back together, on each side of chenille stem. Wrap the 6" orange neck strip around the chenille stem, covering tabs.

4.

Cut a 1" x 1/4" yellow foam strip. Stick strip across top of the head. Glue wiggle eyes below yellow stripe.

RABBIT MATERIALS 2 - lg. fIat clothespins (for head and body) 13 - ½”white.pompoms (for arms, feet, cheeks, tail) 6 mm pink pompom (for nose) 2 - 10mm oval wiggle eyes 6 in. of 1/8” satin ribbon (for bow, lavender shown) acrylic paint - white craft glue 1. 2. 3.

Paint both clothespins with white paint. Let dry. Glue clothespins end to end (round ends together). Glue four ½” pompoms together for one arm and repeat for other arm. Glue arms to top sides of bottom clothespin. 4. Glue a ½” pompom at the front of each leg for feet. Glue a ½” pompom on the back of bunny for tail. Glue the last two ½” pompoms together side by side and glue at the bottom of top clothespin for cheeks. 5. Glue on the 5 mm pink pompom nose. Glue on wiggle eyes just above cheeks. America’ Pride, America’s Future 30 Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001 Tie a bow with the ribbon and glue at neck.

DREAM CATCHERS Native American Tradition says that if you hang a dream catcher over your bed, it will catch the bad dreams in its net. Good dreams spiral around the web and pass through the center and back to you. Your dream catcher uses rings, cording, and beads and is a great example of Native American folklore. MATERIALS scissors ruler craft glue 6” metal ring pony beads 2 clothespins 8 yd suede lacing natural cotton twist cord 1.

Wrap the ring: Spread glue on first inch of suede lacing and hold in place on the ring with a clothespin. Wrap the lacing around the metal ring, being careful not to twist the lacing. Glue the end to the lacing where they meet and hold with the clothespin until dry.

2.

Wrap the ring: Spread glue on first inch of suede lacing and hold in place on the ring with a clothespin. Wrap the lacing around the metal ring, being careful not to twist the lacing. Glue the end to the lacing where they meet and hold with the clothespin until dry.

3.

Tie the webbing: Roll cotton cord loosely into a ball. Knot one end of cotton cord around the metal ring then seal the knot with glue. Tie approximately six half hitches every three inches around the ring. Pinch each completed knot as you begin the next. Add a half hitch next to the knot where you began. Then begin tying half hitches in the middle of the cord you already added. Continue until you complete a total of three more circles of half hitches. Double knot the cord in the center of the webbing then seal knot with glue. Cut off excess cord.

4.

Adding the hanger: Cut three 10” lengths and three 12” lengths of suede lacing. Knot ends together of one 10” length and insert one end of loop through metal ring at the top. Draw knot through loop and pull tight.

5. Adding the dangles: Knot one end of each of the other laces. Thread an even number of beads onto each lace then knot other end. Slide the same number of the beads up to each knot. Fold lacing in half then attach the same way as the hanger.

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MOSQUITO MATERIALS

black poster board card stock paper pipe cleaner paper clasps

milky pens hole punch

1. Print out the pattern onto card stock. Cut out the body and head from black poster board. Glue the head onto the body. Cut the wings out and punch a hole where indicated. Punch holes in the body where the x’s are. 2. Feed one pipe cleaner through the top left hole from front to back and then into the top right hole from the back to front. Pull the pipe cleaner half way through so that the legs are even. Fold the legs as shown in the picture. Do the same thing with the next to set of holes. Attach the wings where indicted with two paper clasps so that the wings will move. 3. Draw the eyes.

4. Fold half a pipe cleaner in half to form the antennae and tape them to the back of the head. Punch a hole for the proboscis and feed a pipe cleaner through the hole wind it around itself and cut it to the length you would like

FROG CLIP MATERIALS frog pattern green poster board pencils scissors glue two small wiggle eyes one magnet one spring-type wooden clothespin 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Trace frog onto poster board. Cut out the frogs. Glue one frog to one flat side of clothespin. Glue second frog to other fiat side. Glue wiggle eyes to head of frog Glue magnet on opposite side of frog.

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NO SEW FISH MATERIALS 2 colors of felt wiggly eyes polyester fiber fill hot melt glue scissors 1.

Print out the pattern.

2. Cut the body pattern out twice from two different colors of felt placing the dotted lines on a fold. Cut the tail pattern out from one of the two colors. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

14.

To weave the fish body tuck tab 1 between the layers of tab C. Tuck tab B between the layers of tab 1. Tuck tab 1 between the layers of tab A. Slide tab 1 up a little. Tuck tab C between the layers of tab 2. Tuck tab 2 between the layers of B. Tuck tab A between the layers of 2. Slide the tabs up a little. Tuck tab 3 between the layers of tab C. Tuck tab B between the layers of 3. Tuck tab 3 between the layers of A. Glue the felt together between the two fins. You may want to put some glue between the woven felt layers. Glue the tail fin to one side of the inside of the fish. Glue around the edge of the side fins leaving an opening where the tail fin was glued. Stuff the fish with polyester fiber fill. Glue the rest closed.

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PATRIOTIC POT Patriotic Pots liven up any house and make a terrific centerpiece to remember the birth of our country and the brave people who have defended her. Materials: •

Small terra cotta flower pot-



Oil-based crayons



Small piece of Styrofoam



Flags on sticks



Spanish moss

1.

Brush off your pot to make sure it doesn't have any dirt or dust on it. Then using the oil based crayons draw symbols of the United States- the flag, stars, stripes, the Statue of Liberty etc...

2.

Place the Styrofoam in the bottom of the decorated flower pot. Place the flags into the Styrofoam. Using the Spanish moss cover the base of the sticks so that the Styrofoam is covered.

PINWHEELS Pinwheels are so much fun to make and watch spin whether in the use or on a bicycle. They can be a patriotic Fourth of July decoration if you use red, white, and blue colored construction paper. Stickers are a great way to add sparkle to your pinwheel MATERIALS

• • • • • •

Strong construction paper or wallpaper

1.

Cut the paper into a square shape- 6''x4'' works nicely. If using plain paper, now is the time to apply decorations with crayons, felt pens and/or stickers. Draw in the diagonals, corner to corner.

2.

Trace a round a penny in the center of the diagonal lines. Remove penny and then cut along the diagonals from each corner to the edge of the circle in the center.

3.

Fold (without creasing) each corner into the center and fasten together with the pin. Stick the pin firmly into the top of the dowel or the eraser of the pencil. Hold into the wind or attach to handlebars of bike.

Long dressmaking pin Penny Pencil with an eraser or a thin dowel Crayons or felt pens Stickers

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NECKTIE WINDSOCK MATERIALS

• • • • • •

10 neckties trims and rickracks scissors stapler 12” x 18” construction paper or craft foam white glue

1.

Cut the ten neckties in half across the center of each tie, You will be using the thinner half of each.

2.

Fold four inches of the paper or foam over lengthwise to make a strip. Trim off the extra along the bottom of the strip.

3.

Open the folder strip and rub glue all over the insid . Arrange the cut ends of the neckties facedown and side by side along the edge of the folded strip. You will not have enough ties to go to the end of the strip. Fold the top of the glue strip over the tie ends to hold them in place.

4.

Carefully wrap the strip around itself until you have a continuous circle of ties. Staple the strip to hold it in place. Let the glue dry.

5.

Cut pieces of trim and rickrack to fit around the strip. Glue them in place.

6.

Cut three 24’’ pieces of yarn. String the yarn under the strip in three different places to form a hanger. Then tie the ends together.

Don’t hang your windsock outside if you use paper.

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MAGIC CANDLES MATERIALS one white candle (not drip-less) blue & gold crayons paraffin

1.

2. 3. 4.

Take a white candle and drill ¼ inch diameter holes every two inches down the opposite side of the candle (see illustration). Place scrapings of the blue and gold crayons in the holes as shown. Melt paraffin and whip with eggbeater. While still warm, cover the candle with whipped paraffin using a fork to give the candle a rough texture.

As the white candle burns, it will drip blue and gold wax decoratively down the side of the candle. This candle could be used for Blue and Gold celebrations. Other colored crayon scrapings can be used to fit whatever the occasion may be.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

BEAR YARN BUG MATERIALS Brown Yarn Empty Egg Carton Tacky Glue Scissors Bear Feet Bug Eyes Craft Foam, Stiffened Felt, and/or Heavy Paper Old 3½" Floppy Disk or Heavy Cardboard Cut to the Size of a floppy disk INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Cut out patterns. Trace on stiffened felt, craft foam, or heavy index paper. If using craft foam, print it on regular paper and staple it onto foam and trim.

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1.

Make a pompon by wrapping yarn around floppy disk (or heavy cardboard) as least 100 times. Mix the yarn colors any way you would like. Cut a 6" piece of yarn and slide it under wrapped yarn. Tie tightly into a double knot.

2.

Turn floppy over and cut completely through yarn on this side. Turn yarn blob sideways and smooth down strands.

3.

Cut out 1 section of the egg carton. Trim so it sits securely upside down. Use tacky glue to glue the egg cup upside down on the feet. Cover the top and some of the sides of the cup with tacky glue. Separate the strands of the pompon to fit the egg cup up inside. Press pompon into place. Arrange yarn. Usetacky glue to attach eyes, nose, and ears.

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

NATIVE AMERICAN HEADDRESS Note: The varnished wooden beads used in this project are no longer sold by Wood -N- Crafts Inc.

MATERIALS 15 - #2 gold safety pins 14 - 8mm round natural wood beads 36 - 6mm round dark brown wood beads 2 - 7 x 14mm oval tan wood beads 15 - 7 X 14mm oval natural wood beads 4 - 8mm disc dark brown wood beads 20 - 8mm disc tan wood beads 16"- 20 gauge gold wire 6"- gold metallic thread ruler wire cutter flat nose/needle nose pliers

PLEASE READ ALL OF THE INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE YOU BEGIN!

STEP A: Open a #2 gold safety pin and place a 6mm dark brown bead, a 7 x 14mm natural oval bead, and one more 6mm dark brown bead on the pin. Close pin tightly. Repeat with remaining 14 safety pins. See (Fig. 1)

Fig. 1 STEP B: Cut (1) 6-1/2" piece of 20 gauge gold wire. Using the pliers, bend a loop at one end. Make sure the loop is larger than the hole in the beads. Place a 6mm dark brown round bead on wire, an 8mm dark brown disc bead, and an 8mm tan disc bead. Place the wire through the head of one of the safety pins from Step A. Place an 8mm natural round bead on the wire. Repeat with remaining pins and 8mm natural round beads. (Make sure the safety pins are all facing the same direction.) Then place one 8mm tan disc bead, followed by an 8mm dark brown disc bead and one 6mm dark brown round bead on the wire. Make a loop at end of wire, pulling wire as tight as possible. See (Fig. 2)

Fig. 2 STEP C: Cut (1) 5-1/2" piece of 20 gauge gold wire. Bend a loop at one end, making sure loop is larger than the hole in the beads. Place a 6mm dark brown bead and one 8mm tan disc bead on the wire. Place the wire through the bottom of the first safety pin and add an 8mm tan disc bead. Repeat with remaining safety pins. Then place one 8mm tan disc bead and one 6mm dark brown bead on the wire. Make a loop at end of wire, pulling wire as tight as possible. See (Fig. 3)

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

STEP D: Cut (2) 2" pieces of 20 gauge gold wire. Bend a loop at one end of each wire. Again, make sure loop is larger than the hole in the beads. Place one 6mm dark brown bead, one 8mm dark brown disc bead, one 8mm tan disc bead, and one 7 x 14 tan oval bead on each wire. (Fig. 4)

Fig. 4 Bend a loop at end of each wire so that it forms a hook. Do not close. Hook each wire onto bottom end loops of completed section of headdress. Now close loops, but not too tight. They should dangle. (Fig. 5)

STEP E: Tie metallic thread to top center of headdress to make a hanger. STEP F: Bend headdress into an arch position. Finished!

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

BATS MATERIALS Black spray paint craft glue Paint for eyes and mouth small pompoms Black foam magnet Crushed pop can glitter paint

1.

Crush pop can - do NOT crush hockey puck style, you want the can elongated. The bottom of the can is crushed to the back. The top of the can is crushed to the front.

2.

Spray paint the can black, let dry

3.

Paint on eyes and mouth

4.

Glue on orange or red small pompom for nose

5.

Cut out ears (triangles) and wings from black craft foam Glue ears and wings on can

6.

Outline wings with gray glitter paint or glue

7.

Attach magnets to back of wings for use as a magnet. You could also attach a string for hanging instead if you wish.

8.

This is a very cute and easy craft for all age levels. You do need to crush and paint the cans ahead of time as they take a while to dry.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

PUMPKINS MATERIALS Dryer vent Orange spray paint Green felt Fake fall leaves Tacky Glue Green spray paint Cone shaped Styrofoam Small wiggly eyes Small black pompom Green pipe cleaners 1.

Cut off section of dryer vent and make into a circle gluing the two ends together.

2.

Spray paint the vent orange (let dry)

3.

Spray paint the Styrofoam green for the stem (let dry)

4.

Curl the green pipe cleaner around your finger. Put a little glue on the pipe cleaner and place on top in center hole of pumpkin. Place glue on Styrofoam stem and press down into center on top of pumpkin.

5.

Cut two green leaves out of felt and place on top of pumpkin.

6.

Glue additional fall leaves to the bottom of the pumpkin (it then looks like it's sitting in a pile of leaves.)

7.

Glue wiggly eyes to the black pompom and glue on green leaf on top of pumpkin.

You now have a great looking centerpiece. The ruffled dryer vent really looks like a pumpkin.

SALT LAYER CANDLES MATERIALS table salt powdered tempra paint glass jars candle bag paraffin wax toothpicks candle wax (colored) candle wick spoon

Put some salt in a plastic bag and add powdered tempra paint a little at a time. Shake to distribute color. (A little tempra paint goes a long way). Layer the colored salt in jars and make the design as you go. Do NOT layer with salt to the top of the jar. Leave about an inch of room for the melted wax to seal the design. Have an adult melt the colored candle wax in the melting bag in boiling water. CHILDREN SHOULD NOT DO THIS PART. When the wax is melted let it cool slightly and has an ADULT poor the wax slowly on top of the salt layers. Place a wick in the center of your candle and press down so that you go a short way into the salt layer with the wick. CHILDREN SHOULD NOT POUR THE MELTED WAX. Let the wax harden before moving the candle.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

FILM CANNISTER CRAFTS OSCAR THE GROUCH Using the film canister as the garbage can, gluing the lid onto a green pompom, etc. Your girls might be too old to appreciate owning one of these, but I bet they would have fun making them and giving them to needy kids. Or use the idea at a service unit event. SPECIAL CAMPFIRE ASHES I plan to use film canisters to distribute campfire ashes to the members of our troop. Right now we have only a single canister with all the troop ashes. However I am saving my canisters to be able to give each member of the troop her own ashes. We use this on each camping trip to mingle the ashes of campfires past with those of the present campfire and we keep a record of all the places these ashes have been. BIG DIPPERS Cut down from top to make a handle and cut canister about 1/3 of the way down and cut around to make a dipper. Glue stars on the pot and up the handle like a big or little dipper. COMPASS Take the left over lids and using a cardboard or white foam draw a compass and glue to inside of lid. You can buy really tiny screw eyes to insert in the side to hang it on with. TREFOIL Same as above but make a trefoil out of felt and glue to inside of lid. You can glue in a circle of blue felt and cut out a yellow felt trefoil. I have also made them with four leafed clovers if you ever find them and put a piece of clear plastic over it. STAR GAZING You can make small templates of the star constellations and tape the paper template to the bottom of black film canisters and using a strong pin punch through the canister using the template as a guide. Then you can shine a small flashlight though the hole and it will show up on the side of the tent. FILM CANISTER ROCKETS DO NOT use vinegar and baking Soda. They react far too quickly. Use 1/4 to 1/3 of an Alka Seltzer and water. Cold water reacts much slower than Hot water. We staple a toilet paper tube to a small paper plate to act as a mortar tube. Be sure to place the canister upside down into the tube and don't look down into the tube while waiting for it to pop. This is a good Outdoor event because it can get rather messy. By the way, the FUJI film canisters (white or clear) work better than the KODAK gray canisters . BUBBLE WANDS Glue a pony bead to the lid in such a way that the hole is exposed. Decorate the canister with stickers or whatever else your creative spirit can come up with. Cut a small "wand" from plastic canvas. Thread yarn through one end of the wand and through the pony bead and tie into a necklace. Pour bubble solution in the canister, put the lid on and you've got a bubble wand necklace. Thank you to the original poster of this idea!

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GLUE CONTAINER Film canisters also make a great container for handing out small supplies of glue for patrols or individuals. These can be recapped and saved for future use! SEWING KITS I always save those little sewing kits you get in hotels and they can be made to fit into a film canister. FILM CANISTER PEOPLE You can make neat people by gluing a pompom to the lid and dressing your person with pipe cleaner arms and a piece of old denim for a dress. SURVIVAL KITS You can make a neat survival kit that contains: waterproofed match, birthday candle, sugar packet, beef bullion cube, band-aid, needle, piece of tin foil etc.

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SILK SCREENING

WHAT CAN I DO WITH SILK SCREENING? Some things that can be silk screened: • T-Shirts: Use the District's Cub-O-Ree pattern. Then use the same screen to print on white "construction paper", have the event chair sign them and frame them as a "thank you" for the event staff.

• •

Recognition Ribbons: Cub-O-Ree, Roundtable perfect attendance, Pinewood Derby, etc. Pinewood Derby Plaques: One for each Cub who made a car! This is a good Webelos project! A bracket on the front holds the car and the plaque hangs on the wall.

• •

Bumper Stickers! Whatever your message is, in the size of your choice! Aprons: Troop aprons for those "Chicken Noodle Soup Dinner" treasury-fillers.

WHAT IS A SILK SCREEN? A silk screen is a piece of mesh fabric held taut in a frame. Some of the holes in the fabric's mesh are "clogged up" to prevent ink from passing through. When the silk screen is placed against a "work piece" and ink is "squeegied" across the screen surface, ink is deposited on the work piece wherever the screen wasn't "clogged". The secret to silk screening is clogging up the mesh in the "right places" and squeezing the right amount of ink through the rest.

METHODS 1. Paper Stencil -- fastest, least expensive, simplest method.

• • • • • • • •

Cut design from paper. Position printing paper under frame. Lay cutouts on this paper. Center screen on design. Spoon ink onto screen. Press ink through screen several times with squeegee. Carefully lift screen & remove print (stencil will stick to bottom of screen). Generally only 10-15 prints can be made from one stencil.

2. Screen Filler

• • • •

Use Screen Filler to fill in on the screen the parts of the design that you do not want to print. Dry screen flat – overnight is recommended. Print as for paper stencil. When finished, remove screen filler by soaking in hot water and any of the specified brands listed in the chart below.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

3. Drawing Fluid/Screen Filler

• • • • •

Paint Drawing Fluid on the screen in the parts of the design that you want to print.

• •

Dry screen.

Dry flat. Apply even coat of screen filler to entire screen (same side as drawing fluid). Dry flat – overnight is recommended. Spray cold water on both sides of the screen. The areas where drawing fluid was applied will dissolve. Do not use hot water. Print as for paper stencil.

4. Photographic Emulsion

• •

(note: screen must be polyester or other synthetic, not silk.)

Allows printing of fine line drawings. Mix 4 parts Photo Emulsion with 1 part Sensitizer in small plastic cup. (Makes enough for 3 10x14 screens.)

• •

Pour a bead of solution on bottom side of screen. Spread evenly across screen with squeegee, add more if necessary. You want a thin, smooth, even, continuous coating.



Flip screen over and spread out any emulsion that seeped through. (Sensitized photo emulsion can be stored in an opaque container for 1 week at room temperature, and up to 4 weeks under refrigeration.) Dry flat in a dark area away from heat. Screen must remain in the dark until ready to be exposed.

• • •

Maximum time between applying emulsion and exposure is 24 hours. Prepare design on any transparent material. (Easiest way is to use a transparency and copy design onto it using an office copier.)

• • • • • •

Place black paper on surface.

• • • •

Dry flat.

• •

Scrub screen with full strength bleach. Soak for 2 minutes in bleach & scrub. Rinse with hot water/ Finish by scrubbing with trisodium phosphate/water or dish washer powder/water solution.



Repeat if necessary.

Place screen onto black paper. Place design on screen. Place clear glass over design on screen. Expose design to light source (see table below). After exposing, apply a forceful spray of body temperature water to both sides of screen. Concentrate spray in areas of screen containing design to be printed. Check for pinholes & cover with masking tape or Screen Filler. Dry again if Screen Filler is used. Print as for Paper Stencil. If you desire to re-use the screen, the emulsion must be washed off the screen before storing. If a permanent design is desired, simply wash ink from screen and store. Photo emulsion can be removed from the screen by spraying both sides of screen with hot water to soften the emulsion.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

SCREEN FILLER REMOVAL CHART Use 2 tablespoons per quart of hot water: brand detergent (in order of effectiveness)

time to soak

Biz Mr. Clean Wisk Spic n’ Span

30 10 10 10

minutes minutes minutes minutes

EXPOSURE CHART screen size

bulb height

exposure time

150 watt bulb 8 x 10 10 x 14 (most common) 12 x 18 16 x 20 18 x 20 8 x 10 10 x 14 (most common) 12 x 18 16 x 20 18 x 20

America’ Pride, America’s Future

12 inches 45 12 inches 45 15 inches 74 17 inches 92 17 inches 92 BBA No. 1 Photoflood (250 watt bulb) 12 inches 12 inches 15 inches 17 inches 17 inches

10 10 16 20 20

46

minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

EVEN MORE CRAFTS

TUBE CUB The craft is made with a toilet paper tube, a printer, a piece of paper, some crayons, scissors, and glue. I always prefer to use a heavy paper (like construction paper), but it isn't necessary. Copy the template. Color (where appropriate) and cut out the template pieces. Glue the large rectangular piece on first to cover the tube. Glue on the head, arms, and feet.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

SCHOOL DAYS MAGNET Here's a cute little pin that's easy to make. You Need: Large Rectangle Woodsie 2 Star and 1 Apple Foamie Scrap of Green Craft Foam Magnet Low Temp Hot Glue Gun Fine Point Black Marker Ruler Scissors

Use ruler to mark 1/4" lines with black marker on large rectangle craft stick. Glue on stars and apple. Cut two small teardrops out of green craft foam for leaves. Glue in place. Glue magnet to back.

GROOVIN’ BUGS

Meet the true crawlers of the insect world, as you learn how to make your bug models actually move! You will need: 4" Styrofoam® egg 2 Styrofoam® 1" balls 3 Slices of white bread Green glitter gel Two 20mm Wiggle eyes 2 Wood 1" spools 2 Green 6mm chenille stems Craft stick 4 Toothpicks Instructions:

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1.

Cut Styrofoam egg in half lengthwise with a plastic knife. Hint: To make cutting easier, rub the knife edge with a candle. Rub the two Styrofoam pieces together to sand the edges. Dig out two hollow areas for spool on the flat side of egg half with a craft stick. Press smooth with your finger.

2.

Insert a toothpick into each of the Styrofoam balls and the other end into the rounded side of the egg to form the eyes.

3.

Crumble the bread into fine pieces. With a craft stick, mix with two tablespoons glitter gel and two teaspoons of water in a disposable dish. Spread the mixture over the bug's back and eye balls as if frosting a cake. Press the wiggle eyes onto the eyeballs before the surface dries. Set aside overnight to thoroughly dry.

4.

Turn upside down. Place the spools in the recessed area, then push a toothpick through the side of the body near to the edge, through the center of the spool and into the opposite side. Check to see that the spools are not touching the Styrofoam and can spin freely.

5.

Make holes for legs on the sides of the body with a toothpick. Cut each chenille stem into three equal parts then glue one end into the holes. Shape as shown in illustration.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

Cookie Cutter Stamping

Start with a cookie cutter - no we're not baking; add Styrofoam and acrylic paint and you'll end up with great stamped bags, stationery and greeting cards. Acrylic Paint , Assorted Cookie Cutters 1" Styrofoam® sheet Black permanent pen A new pencil with a new eraser Decorative Scissors Assorted paper bags, cards, and envelopes 1.

Press cookie cutters into Styrofoam to cut out shape. If some Styrofoam bits remain around the design, remove them with a plastic knife rubbed with an old candle.

2.

Dip Styrofoam shape into a fresh puddle of paint that has been poured onto a paper plate and stamp onto surface. Once stamping of design is completed, let all paint dry. The following colors were used with the following shapes: Moon - Opaque Yellow Stars - Navy Blue Flowers - Calypso Orange Leaves - Jubilee Green Butterflies - Grape Purple Apples - Opaque Red

3.

Dip a pencil eraser into Royal Fuchsia then use to stamp dots on flowers. Add smaller dots using a paintbrush handle or a toothpick. Paint small dots around butterflies Caribbean Blue and Calypso Orange. Tiny dots of all colors have been added around designs using a toothpick dipped into a fresh puddle of paint. After all dots have dried, add outlines and curly vines with the black pen.

4.

(Optional) Tie with colored ribbons and fill with assorted tissue papers to make festive designs. Use paper edgers and corner edgers on cards to create pretty designs.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

YA GOTTA EAT! TRAIL MIX KIDS TRAIL MIX

GORP

4c 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2

1c 3/4 1c 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2

c c c c

Chex cereal dried fruit bits raisins yogurt covered peanuts Reeces Pieces

Put into a large ziploc bag and shake to mix. Source: Chex box

corn syrup or molasses or Honey c milk powder oatmeal c peanut butter c chocolate chips c wheat Germ c crushed peanuts c raisins

Mix all the ingredient thoroughly. Roll into balls and each in a small piece of wax paper, twisting ends and chill.

GRUNCH 1 c peanut butter 1/2 c honey 1/2 c crushed graham crackers 1/4 c powdered skim milk 3 tbs cinnamon 1 tbs powdered cloves

NUTS AND BOLTS

At home, mix ingredients. Store in plastic container and place in the refrigerator to harden overnight. Store in a plastic squeeze tube for easy carrying. Makes two cups.

1/4 pound raisins 1/4 pound peanuts 1/4 pound chocolate bits Broken up graham crackers Mix and put in a Ziplock bag to carry

BIRDSEED 1 part sugar coated cereal 1 part candy-coated chocolate 1 part roasted peanuts Put in Ziploc bag. Mix and munch when needed.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

BEVERAGES DISHWASHER PUNCH

WITCHES BREW

From the kitchen of: Joan Mershon

1 1 2 3

1 can pineapple juice 1/2 qt apple juice 1 pkg grape Koolaid 2 pkg berry punch Koolaid 1 pkg tropical punch Koolaid 1 1/2 pkg strawberry Koolaid 11 qt water 1 red food color

qt apple juice 1/2 c canned, unsweetened pineapple tbs. fresh lemon juice cinnamon sticks

Mix all ingredients together in a saucepan. Heat over low heat until ready to serve. Remove cinnamon sticks. Ladle brew into serving cups.

Make sure all Koolaid is pre-sweetened (or add appropriate sugar. Mix all dry together. Add water and juices. stir well. Add food color until it looks drinkable. Without food color, it should look like it's name.

CINNAMON SIPPIN' CIDER (Serve after an outdoor activity)

3 cups apple juice 1 cup cranberry juice cocktail 8 inches stick cinnamon In a saucepan combine apple juice, cranberry juice cocktail, and cinnamon stick. Bring to a boil and simmer uncovered for 5 minutes. Remove cinnamon. Serve warm or chilled. Makes four 8-oz. servings.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

CAMP COOKING CAMP CHILI

DANDELION SALAD

1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 4

1/2 c cream 2 ea egg 1 tbs. sugar 1 tsp. salt 4 tbs. vinegar 1/4 c butter paprika pepper 4 ea slices bacon, thick 1 dandelion

c lentils tbs. tomato soup powder tbs. masa or corn flour tbs. chili powder tbs. onion flakes tbs. cumin tsp. oregano tsp. salt clove garlic c water

Combine all the ingredients and simmer 30 - 45 Min

CHICKEN ALA FOIL 1 small green pepper; chopped 1/2 small red pepper; chopped 12 mushrooms; chopped 4 lg chicken breasts 1 can (8oz) pineapple slices Non-stick cooking spray *or* 1 tsp butter garlic powder, salt and/or pepper to taste . 4 squares heavy duty foil (16x16 inches) Divide the bell peppers and mushrooms into 4 equal parts. Coat a small area in the center of the foil with cooking spray or a small amount of butter. Place a portion of peppers and mushrooms on the greased area of the foil. Top with a chicken breast and a pineapple slice. Season with garlic powder, salt and pepper to your taste.

Carefully wash and prepare the dandelion as you would lettuce. Roll in cloth and pat dry. Then put into a salad bowl and place in warm place. Cut bacon in small pieces, fry quickly and drop over the dandelions. Put the butter and cream into a skillet and melt over a slow fire. Beat eggs, add salt, pepper, sugar and vinegar and mix with slightly warm cream mixture. Pour into skillet and under increased heat, stir until dressing becomes thick like custard. Take off and pour piping hot over dandelion. Stir thoroughly. Never use dandelion after it has begun to flower, for then it is apt to be bitter. Source: Pennsylvania Dutch Cook Book Fine Old Recipes, Culinary Arts Press, 1936. STICKY BONES

FRYING PAN COOKIES

1 c. vinegar 1/2 c. honey 2 tbs. Worcestershire sauce 1/2 c. ketchup 1 tsp. EACH salt, dry mustard, paprika 1/4 tsp. black pepper 1 clove garlic, minced 4 lb beef ribs

2 Eggs, unbeaten 1 c Sugar* 1 1/2 c Dates, chopped Salt

In saucepan, combine vinegar, honey, Worcestershire, ketch- up, salt, mustard, paprika, pepper, and garlic. Cover, bring to boil, reduce heat and simmer 15 minutes.

Fold the foil securely and check for leaks. Place on the coals for 10 to 15 minutes per side.

Servings: 36 Cook over a low heat for 10 minutes, stirring constantly. Remove from stove and add 2 cups of Rice Krispies. Roll in balls and dip in coconut. *Would recommend from nil to 1/2 c sugar. Dates, coconut and Rice Krispies supply sufficient sweetener in my opinion.

In baking pan, place ribs. Cover with hot marinade, then bake ribs at 325 degrees for 1 hour, turning and basting often with marinade. Or grill over medium coals, basting and turning often, until browned, about 20 minutes. Makes 4-5 servings. Submitted by: John Davis

Submitted by: Shirley Goos

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

GROSS BUT FUN BRAIN CELL SALAD

CHICKEN POX PANCAKES

1 pk (6 oz) blueberry jello mix 1 ct (16 oz) small curd cottage cheese 1 cn (16 1/2oz) can blueberries In syrup (or 3/4 c frozen blueberries, thawed) Blue food coloring 2 Mixing bowls can opener spoon 6 salad plates

strawberries pancake mix bananas powdered sugar

With an adult's help, prepare Jello according to package directions. Chill 4-5 hours or until firm. Scoop cottage cheese into a bowl. Drain and set aside the syrup from the blueberries. Add the berries to the cottage cheese and mix well. Add three drops of food coloring to turn the corrage cheese a nice grayish color with blended. To serve salad, place a few spoonfuls of firm gelatin, (congealed brain fluid), onto individual serving plates. Top with a scoop of cottage cheese (brain tissue) mixture and serve.

With an adult's help, chop the berries into small chunks, allowing one or two per pancake face. Set aside. With an adult's help, prepare the pancake mix according to package directions. When the pancakes are done, place each serving in a stack on a separate plate. For every two stacks of pancakes, you need to peel one banana. Carefully slice off the two ends and put one on top of each stack for a nose. Then cut two thin slices from each end for eyes. Then cut banana in half for a long curved mouth. Arrange the strawberry chunk chicken pox all around each face. Use clean fingers to drop a pinch of powdered sugar on each pox for a tasty bit of pus.

CAT LITTER CASSEROLE

DEAD SEA SOUP

DUMPS:

1 celery heart with whitish Leafy stalks 1 small jar artichoke hearts 1 can (10 1/2oz) chicken with rice soup Blue and green food coloring 1c fish shaped crackers

1 c Bisquick 1 c shredded cheddar cheese 1 lb Ground beef, turkey or pork sausage LITTER: 2 c Long grain rice 3 ¾ c water 2 ts Salt 2 tbs margarine To make dumps: With an adult's help, preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Using clean hands, mix together the dump ingredients in a large bowl. Mold pieces of this mixture into various size/shape dumps. Place so they don't touch each other in an ungreased baking pan. Use two if they don't all fit. Bake the dumps for about 20 minutes or until they are all brown, firm and slightly crusty. While the meat cooks, put all four litter ingredients into a large saucepan. Then, with an adult's help, heat on high until the water comes to a boil. Stir, turn heat to low and cover the pan. Simmer without lifting the cover for fourteen minutes. Remove the saucepan from the stove and carefully lift off the cover. Break apart, or "fluff" the rice with a fork and set pan aside. When dumps are done, carefully transfer them onto paper towels to drain.

With an adult's help, chop the celery heart into small pieces. Using clean hands, pull apart the surrounding whitish leafy stalks, leaving them long and stringy; these celery pieces will be your seaweed. Set aside. Drain the jar of artichoke hearts and cut to the size of a penny. Prepare soup according to directions. Add the celery and artichokes and heat until soup comes to a boil. Turn heat to low and carefully add two or three drops each green and blue food coloring until the soup reaches an appropriately murky seawater color. Carefully ladle the hot soup into individual bowls and sprinkle a quarter cup of crackers on top of each one. Encourage some of the floating celery seaweed to hang over edge of bowls and serve. Artichoke pieces and rice from the soup will sink.

Spoon the rice and dumps into the now empty baking pan, leaving some dumps partially uncovered, Serves 8-10.

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EARLY AMERICAN FARE ACORN MEAL Acorns

Water

Make meal by grinding dry, raw acorn kernels (after shelling). Mix with boiling water and press out liquid through a cheesecloth. With very bitter acorns, repeat this process several times. Spread meal on a tray and thoroughly dry in oven at 250F. This meal will cake during the drying process. Regrind using a food chopper. Seal in containers, preferably glass jars. Note: All acorns contain tannic acid. This is what causes the bitter taste, the same as the soft brown lining in pecans we may have tasted if we have cracked open pecans ate them raw. The white oak family has less tannin than the black oak family. The white oak family acorns I have tried are White Oak, Burr Oak, and Club Oak. There are many varieties. White oaks have rounded leaves. Black oaks have pointed leaves. Black oak acorns will make you pucker up just like eating unripe persimmons. PLAINS INDIAN DESSERT Choke cherries water For each pint of juice: 1 c Sugar 2 tb Cornstarch Bring whole wild choke cherries to a boil; just covering them with water. Mash gently with potato masher. Strain juice from choke cherries into a pan; add one cup sugar for each pint of juice and two tbsp of cornstarch. Heat and stir until thickness of custard. Serve in individual bowls, either warm or cold. Plums or other wild fruit may be used instead of choke cherries.

APACHE ACORN RAVIOLI IN CLEAR BROTH 2 green chiles 1 tb unsalted butter 2 tsp. salt 1 qt water 1 tbs. shelled & finely chopped acorns or unsalted pistachio nuts 3 – 4 oz soft white goat cheese 1 recipe basic egg ravioli dough Clear Broth 6 c Chicken Stock 1/2 tsp. Azafran 1 Scallion, green part only, diagonally sliced Roast the chiles then peel, seed, de-vein and coarsely chop them, Melt the butter in a saucepan over medium-low heat and add the acorns. Saute 3 minutes, stirring constantly. Add the green chiles and saute another minute. Remove from heat, mix together with the goat cheese and set aside. Prepare a stencil by cutting a design out of a piece of cardboard. For the ravioli, we cut a stencil 5 inches in length, 3 inches in height, with 1-inch steps. Roll out the ravioli dough as thinly as possible. Fold the dough in half, place the stencil over the dough and, with a sharp knife, cut around it. Repeat this process 11 times to make 24 identical pieces of dough. Lay 12 cut out pieces of dough on a board and place about 1 tablespoon of the acorn filling in the center of each. Moisten the outer edges of each piece of the dough. Place the other 12 pieces on top, and press the edges together with your fingers. If the edges are slightly uneven, trim them. Set aside. Add the salt to the water in a wide, large saucepan, and bring to a boil over high heat. Add the ravioli and cook 3 minutes, until tender and translucent around the edges. Drain and set aside.

SWEET WATERMELON ICE 3 c. fresh watermelon juice 3 tbs. sugar 2 tbs. fresh squeezed lemon juice Pour the watermelon juice into a shallow glass baking dish. Add the sugar and lemon juice and stir well. Place the dish in the freezer and chill. Remove the pan every ½ hour and stir. The juice will form light, grainy ice crystals as it freezes. Repeat this process until the juice is fully frozen, about 4 hours, depending on the freezer temperature. You can also use an ice cream maker, following the manufacturer's directions.

Bring the stock to a boil in a large saucepan over medium-high heat. Add the scallions and azafran and simmer, uncovered, over medium-low heat 5 minutes. Remove from the heat and pour 1 cup of the broth into each bowl. Add some ravioli and serve.

Serve immediately, or store in the freezer in a covered container up to several weeks.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

FOOD FOR THE TRAIL KIDS TRAIL MIX

GORP

4c 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2

1c 3/4 1c 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2

c c c c

Chex cereal dried fruit bits raisins yogurt covered peanuts Reeces Pieces

Put into a large ziploc bag and shake to mix. Source: Chex box

Mix all the ingredient thoroughly. Roll into balls and each in a small piece of wax paper, twisting ends and chill.

GRUNCH 1c 1/2 c 1/2 c 1/4 c 3 tbs 1 tbs

peanut butter honey crushed graham crackers powdered skim milk cinnamon powdered cloves

PEMMICAN

At home, mix ingredients. Store in plastic container and place in the refrigerator to harden overnight. Store in a plastic squeeze tube for easy carrying. Makes two cups. DRIED CORN 12 Ears White corn in milky stage Scrape corn with sharp knife three times. First scrape corn just to break off kernels. Second scrape remainder of corn halfway. Third scrape off rest of kernels off cob. Then use potato masher and mash all kernels until milk comes out, Take loaf pan which is about 1 1/2" deep, grease and put in all corn that has been mashed and bake in oven until all kernels are golden brown. Use low heat and bake approximately 45 minutes. When kernels are brown, let cool for about 15 minutes; then cut up and store. Source: Miriam Lee, Allegany Seneca, Iroquois, Shared by: Jim Bodle

America’ Pride, America’s Future

corn syrup or molasses or Honey c milk powder oatmeal c peanut butter c chocolate chips c wheat Germ c crushed peanuts c raisins

56

1 lb jerky (venison, beef, etc) 2 tbs. brown sugar 2 oz raisins 5 oz suet The Indians used pemmican as a trail food. It keeps well for long periods of time. Run dry jerky through a food grinder a few times until it is the consistency of fine meal. For each pound of jerky meal, add 2 ounces of raisins and 2 tablespoons of brown sugar. When the mixture is well blended, melt the suet and stir it in. The result when the suet hardens and cools is pemmican. There are many variations on this simple theme. HAYSTACKS 4 cups butterscotch chips 1 large can (7 c.) chow mien noodles 1 can (2 c.) Spanish peanuts Melt chips over low heat. Remove from heat. Stir in chow mien noodles and peanuts. Drop by tablespoonful onto wax paper to let harden. (You can also use chocolate or caramel chips)

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

FUN FOOD EDIBLE GLACIER Make a 6 oz. package blueberry flavored gelatin following package directions. Pour into a pan. Put in refrigerator until solid (several hours). Crush about 1/2 package of chocolate wafers or chocolate sandwich cookies. Mix with one container of Cool Whip and spread over the set gelatin. This is the icy blue center of the glacier, with silty snow on top.

MORE COOKING FUN HOMEMADE MARSHMALLOWS Ever wonder where marshmallows come from? Well, here is a fun and tasty way to find out. These are great for the holidays packaged in colorful cellophane or just for dessert. Food coloring can be added for rainbow marshmallows! Have the kids help- they are sure to get a kick out of it! 1/2 tablespoons unflavored gelatin 1 1/2 cups granulated sugar 1 cup light corn syrup 1/4 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons pure vanilla extract Confectioners' sugar for dusting 1.

Combine gelatin and 1/2 cup cold water in an electric mixer with whisk attachment (you can whisk by hand if you do not have the attachment). Let stand 30 minutes.

2.

Combine granulated sugar, corn syrup, salt, and 1/2 cup water in a small, heavy, saucepan. Place over low heat and stir until sugar has dissolved. Wash down sides of pan with a wet pastry brush to dissolve sugar crystals.

3.

Clip on a candy thermometer; raise heat to high. Cook syrup without stirring until it reaches the firm-ball stage (244 degrees). Immediately remove pan from heat.

4.

With Mixer on low speed, slowly and carefully pour syrup into the softened gelatin. Increase speed to high; beat until mixture is very thick and white and has almost tripled in volume, about 15 minutes. Add vanilla; beat to incorporate. Generously dust an 8 by12 inch glass baking pan with confectioner's sugar. Pour marshmallow mixture into pan. Dust top with confectioners' sugar; wet hands and pat it smooth. Dust with confectioners' sugar; let stand overnight, uncovered, to dry out. Turn out onto board and cut marshmallows with a dry hot knife into 1 1/2 inch squares, and dust with more sugar.

5.

PEANUT BUTTER SQUOOSHIES This recipe makes 12 Squooshies. 1 1/2 cups of cold milk ( can be skimmed or whole) 1/2 cup of peanut butter- can be crunchy or smooth 1 package ( 4- serving size) instant chocolate pudding and pie filling 24 graham crackers- for something different and for your chocolate lovers you can use the chocolate graham crackers Colored sprinkles or mini chocolate chips or toffee bits - you choose.

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1.

2.

3.

In a deep bowl, add the peanut butter. Slowly add the milk, stirring until the mixture is smooth. Add the pudding mix. Beat with a wire whisk for 2 more minutes. Let the mixture stand or rest for 5 minutes. Spread the pudding mixture about 1/2 inch thick onto 12 of the crackers. Top with the remaining crackers, pressing lightly and smoothing around the edges with a butter knife or spatula. Coat the edges with the sprinkles. Place the Squooshies on a baking tray and place in the freezer for about 3 hours or until firm.

PUFFY SCRAMBLED EGGS This is a tasty and quick breakfast that even the kids can make. All you need for a complete breakfast or late night snack, is your microwave and eggs! This makes 2 servings, but is easy to double. If doubling, increase microwave time to 6-8 minutes, stirring every 2 minutes. INGREDIENTS: 4 eggs

1/4 cup milk

1/4 teaspoon salt

Dash of pepper

1.

Beat all ingredients in one-quart casserole. If desired stir in 1/4 cup shredded cheese, crumbled cooked bacon, chopped fully cooked ham, snipped chives or green onions or chopped canned mushrooms.

2.

Cover tightly and microwave on high (100%), stirring every minute, until eggs are puffy and set but still moist, 3-4 minutes. Stir before serving

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

GAMES

THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY A child's life is largely made up of play, but that play is very real to the child. Children not only pretend to be jet planes or astronauts, while the game is going on they are jet planes or astronauts. They are disappointed and disillusioned if a grown-up takes a game lightly, finishes it abruptly before it is played out, or does not worry about keeping the rules. The play-world is a very real world to children. In it they are learning and testing out the rules of life which they have to observe as adults later on. They will learn to give and take, to co-operate with others, to accept defeat without complaining, and succeed without being boastful. Cub Scout Leaders need to appreciate this world of imagination and to use it in their approach to Cub Scouting. Every activity of the Cub Scout program could be, or could include, a game.

USING GAMES The Cub Scouts enjoy games because they enjoy all make believe, and the physical exhilaration of running, jumping and chasing. Many games provide mental relaxation through physical activity although Cub Scouts do not appreciate this. Other games encourage mental alertness. It therefore follows that the Leader's task is to choose games carefully with a purpose in mind, and to build a program that balances one type of game against another. They must never be just time-fillers. To be of value games must be enjoyable. There is little value in a rowdy, ill-tempered game, and Cub Scouts quickly recognize that if games are to be enjoyed by all, some rules and self-discipline are necessary. The importance of fair-play, and the need to be unselfish and help the smaller, weaker, or physically less able can begin to be appreciated by them.

PREPARING FOR GAMES 1.

Ensure that there is variety in the type of games chosen. They should not all be competitive games or all chasing games. Do not overdo the favorites.

2.

Have all the gear ready before you start.

3.

Rules should be simple and instructions clear. Children forget complicated rules, and in the heat of a game rules can too easily be broken.

4.

If a game goes wrong or rules are broken, it is better to stop the game immediately and explain again. (Infringement of the rules on one side usually leads to reciprocal action on the other!)

5.

Have silence when explaining a game, and that includes the Pack Scouters! It is better to have the Cub Scouts sitting down while you explain a game. They fidget far less than if they are left standing, and you have more command of the situation.

6.

Have a trial run to make sure everyone knows what to do. Try out new games at the Den Meeting; they will enjoy experimenting. The Pack will not!

7.

Elimination games are undesirable if they leave children idle on the side-lines, where they may start up a rival game of their own. Arrange that they shall only lose a life and return to the fray.

8. Do not allow a game to go on so long that all the fun in it is exhausted. It is not always possible for everyone to have a turn in every game.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

THROUGH GAMES, A CUB SCOUT: 1.

Learns new skills

2.

Develops new interests

3.

Learns to follow the rules

4.

Learns fair play

5.

Learns to wait his turn

6.

Is taught respect for the rights of others

As games are such an important part of the Cub Scout Leader's stock in trade, a games book in which you can record games is a necessary piece of personal equipment. It should be divided into sections for easy reference. 1.

Pack games e.g. Port and Starboard. These are usually energetic, non-competitive, and good fun. They develop a family spirit.

2.

Relay games between Sixes e.g. Filling Santa's sack. These are usually competitive. They develop good team spirit, good sportsmanship (cheer the winners), and self-discipline (insist on a smart alert finish at the end of the game).

3.

Team games e.g. Bombarding the ball. These games involving two teams are an opportunity to mix up the dens but do not overwork den competition.

4.

Games involving a skill e.g. Emergency calls. The purpose of these games is to learn, revise, or practice some skill.

5.

Sense training games e.g. Hearing Kim. These form a very important part of Cub Scout training. Games to train all the senses should be used.

6.

Quiet games e.g. The Buzz. Relax and quiet the Cubs after a spell of activity. This helps to create the right atmosphere before a more serious activity. Many of these games are mental teasers and Cub Scouts enjoy

7.

Acting games e.g. Who am I? This is useful for introducing acting in a simple form, which stimulates imagination, encourages self-confidence, and creates a lot of fun.

8.

Circle Games e.g. Circle Dash. These are useful as they can involve all the Pack. They can be competitive or just to let off steam.

Many games fit into more than one category and should be cross-referenced. A suggested layout for your book might be: TITLE OF GAME

PURPOSE

DESCRIPTION

EQUIPMENT

# OF PLAYERS / APPROPRIATE AGE

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DATES WHEN PLAYED

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

GAME CHEST Every Pack and Den should have a game chest (or box or bag) containing balls, beanbags, football, homemade skittles, small size cricket bat, blindfolds, chalk, batons (cardboard mailing tubes), whistle, counters for scoring, and a few ropes. The maintenance of the games equipment is a job which a the denner in your Pack could undertake.

KISMIF

Keep it simple, Make it fun. ******************** SENSE GAMES CLAP CLAP - LISTEN TO ME! This game is from Vietnam. You will need at least 5 children to play this game. Be sure you have adult supervision. One player is blindfolded. Everyone else not blind folded stands wherever they want within the play area. The adult leader then leads the blindfolded person by the hand to where everyone is standing. The leader takes the blindfolded person back to the starting position. Everyone then begins to clap. The kids clapping cannot leave the place where they are clapping from. The blindfolded person must listen to where the person is who is clapping and tags them. The tagged person stops clapping. The game is over when everyone has been tagged and no one is clapping anymore . FIND THE LEADER This is a fun game in which listening and observation skills are important. Have everyone sit or stand in a circle. One person chooses to go out of the room. Everyone else then chooses one person to be the leader. The leader will then make up actions and sounds with his or her hands such as clapping, snapping, patting a head, a shoulder, someone else's shoulder, etc. Whatever the leader does everyone follows and imitates. The person who went out of the room is now called back in and must guess who the leader is. If he or she guesses wrong the game continues. If he or she guesses right, then the leader becomes the next person to go out of the room. The group then selects someone else to be the next leader. SARDINES The whole group hides their eyes and counts out loud together to 50, while one person goes and hides. Then everyone begins to look for the sardine. When you spot the sardine, you don't tell anyone, then when no one is looking, you slip in and hide with the sardine. Eventually everyone starts to disappear, and the one left notices he's all alone, and rather embarrassed to be the last one left. The first one to find the sardine, gets to hide as the sardine in the next round. Imagine 5 or 10 kids all huddled together in a tight spot trying to keep from laughing and being seen. Great fun!

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

CIRCLE GAMES BUZZ Equipment: none Description: The players sit in a large circle. One players starts the count by saying "1" and the next player along says "2" and so on around the circle. Any number with a 3 in it or divisible by 3 must be replaced with the word "Buzz". When someone gets it wrong play starts again from 1. Variations: You can have a league system whereby the player closest to the leaders right hand side is in the top position. Anyone that makes a mistake gets up and goes to the back of the 'queue' while everyone else shuffles round to fill the gap. CIRCLE CRICKET Equipment: Ball Description: The players form two teams. One team stands in a large circle and the other team stands in a line. When the game starts the team in the circle pass the ball to each other around the circle. The other team have to run, one player at a time relay style, between two fixed markers. Each 'run' is noted. Once the ball has been passed around the circle a set amount of times (depends on the number of players) then play stops The two teams swap round and repeat. The team with the highest score wins. ELECTRIC CIRCUIT Equipment: none Description: The players stand in a large circle. One player leaves the room. One of the players in the circle is chosen to be the generator. Three or four other players around the circle are chosen to be electrical goods (toaster, radio etc). All the players hold hands and the player returns from outside and stands in the middle. The generator starts passing the current round the circuit by squeezing the hand of the player on their right. When the current passes through one of the electrical items they make the noise of that item. The current goes round the circuit until it reaches the generator who then passes it back the other way. The player in the middle must guess who the generator is. HOOP CIRCLE Equipment: Hula-Hoop Description: The players forma circle and join hands. The leader has a hula- hoop resting on his arm (and is holding hands with those beside him/her). Without breaking hands, the leader must pass the hoop to the next person and it continues around the circle with each player stepping into the hoop and then over his/her head and on to the next person. Play continues for a set time Notes: Once this concept is learned, see if you can get two players through the hoop together, then three and so on ALL THOSE Equipment: Chairs Description: The players sit in a circle and one player stands in the middle. The player in the middle calls out something like "All those wearing blue socks". Everyone who is wearing blue socks must get up off their chair and change places with another player. The player in the middle tries to sit on one of the seats before the others fill it. It they manage to sit on the seat the player who is left without a seat takes their turn in the middle.

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RELAY GAMES AARDVARK RELAY Equipment: beans or peas, and straws Description: This game should be played in an open area able to accommodate the entire group. Give each person a straw. Place a bowl of navy beans, or green peas or another small smooth round objects at the opposite side of the room. Like an aardvark sucking up ants, each person must suck a bean through the straw and bring it back to his team. Participants can suck the beans up with the straw and hold the bean in place by putting the tip of his/her tongue on the end of the straw. Any bean dropped must be retrieved. You may wish to place the bowl at a closer distance since people cannot hold the bean through suction for very long. First team with all players bringing back a pea wins. Variation: Have your participants stand or sit around a table with the bowl of beans in the center and a cup in front of each person. At the signal each person tries to remove as many beans from the bowl as possible, dropping each into his/her cup. The person to retrieve the most beans and the end of a given time wins. COTTON BALL RELAY Equipment: cotton balls, Vaseline Description: This game is played with two equal teams of any number in an open area. The cotton balls are carried only on the nose. Each member smears some Vaseline on his or her nose. On hands and knees, members poke their noses into cotton balls on the floor. When they get a cotton ball to stick they crawl a couple of feet to the line and disengage the cotton by blowing. Hands may be used for nothing but crawling. First team to have all its members take the cotton balls across the line wins. DOG BISCUIT RELAY Equipment: clothespins and dog biscuits Description: Give group members each a pinch-type clothespin to put in their mouth so the clothespin can be opened and closed with their teeth. Have each team form a straight line, with each team member down on all fours (like a dog) facing in the same direction so that they are side by side. Put dog food or regular bowls with 10 to 12 dog biscuits in each on the floor in front of each team's line. The first person in each team's line must take the dog biscuits out of the bowl, one at a time, using the clothespin in his or her: mouth. The biscuits are then passed on to the next person and so on down the line. If a biscuit is dropped, the person who dropped it must pick it up with the clothespin. No hands are allowed at any time. Teams must stay in a straight line and remain on hands and knees throughout the relay. The first team to put all its biscuits in the bowl at the end of the line wins. PACK 'EM IN Equipment: Suitcases, umbrellas, hats, coats, gloves, scarves Description: Divide the players into even teams and line up each team in relay formation. Place the suitcase, filled with the clothing, in front of the first player on each team. On ‘Go’, the first player opens the suitcase, puts on all the clothing and runs down to the other end of the playing area and back. Here, they remove all the clothing and put it back inside the suitcase, shut the suitcase and tag the next player in line. That player opens the suitcase and gets dressed and runs down the playing area and back. The relay continues until all players have had the chance to get dressed, travel and unpack Variation: Provide additional articles of clothing or accessories, to make the outfit even funnier.

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ACTING GAMES IMPROV Equipment: paper and pencils This is a great game to play in a large group. Be as creative as you can! First of all, have everyone write down a person, either a famous person or the occupation of a person (Ex: a super model or John Elway). Make sure everyone will know who the person is. Second, write down a place, either a famous place or a general place. (Ex: Golden Gate Bridge or a football game). Third, write an action (Ex: selling life insurance). Then separate the slips of paper into three separate containers or piles. Next, have a group of about three people draw a slip of paper from each containers or pile. Whatever slips of paper you draw, you must act out what is on the slips of paper for the other group of people to guess what you are doing . Most likely you will get three words that have nothing to do with each other, but this will stretch your creativity, and the ones who are guessing. Younger children could use simpler words that they are sure to understand.

FASHION SHOW Divide the den into teams of about four persons each. Give each team a bundle of newspapers and a package of pins. They select one person from their team to be the model. The others dress him in a newspaper costume, tearing the paper where necessary and pinning the pieces in place. Do not provide scissors. The most sensational costume wins. GUESS WHAT I'M DOING This is it pantomime game. The leader thinks up a number of action safety rules. For example, "Look all ways before crossing the street"; "Buckle up"; "Wear a raincoat on rainy days". Write them down on separate pieces of paper and drop them into a box. Then ask for a volunteer to go first and start the game. He comes forward and selects it slip of paper. He pantomimes the safety rule for the rest of the den. The first one to correctly guess what he's doing gets to act out the next rule.

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PACK GAMES CROCODILE RACE Form a team of 4 - 10 players. Stand in a straight line behind a designated leader. Each player then put their hands on the hips or shoulders of the person in front of them. Everyone then crouches down bending their knees down their heels. The newly formed "crocodile" then races against the other team(s). You could race one way to end or have them race down the field and return! If the leader goes to fast the team behind will break up. BED SHEET PING PONG Equipment: a bed sheet for each two teams, ping pong balls. Players stand and hold a bed sheet on opposite ends. A ping pong ball is placed onto the sheet. The sheet is then raised or lowered. The object of the game is to get the ping pong ball to fall off the other team's side. DUCKS FLY This game is similar to the game, "Simon Says." It is based on animals or things that fly. One person is the CALLER. Everyone else either stands in a line or forms a half circle with their hands at their sides. The CALLER then shouts out, "All ducks fly," and everyone begins to flap their arms twice like a duck since the statement is true. The caller continues by calling out animals or things that fly such as "robins, bats, airplanes, etc.) However, if the caller shouts out an animal that doesn't fly such as, "cats fly," or "rabbits fly" then no one should move since this is not true. If anyone moves, he or she is out of the game and must then stand next to the caller. The game ends when only one person is left after everyone else is eliminated. CAPTURE THE FLAG There were two teams. Team 1 had the front yard and Team 2 had the back yard, or a field was split between the two teams. The teams were given a time period, like 5 minutes, to hide their flag in their part of the yard. [optional] During this period spies were sent out to see were the flag was hidden as well as look-outs to catch the spies. When the flag was hidden you call out that you were finished. Then you simply try to get the other teams flag. If you get caught and tagged by the opponent on their territory you had to go to jail and could only be freed by a teammate who grabs you when your opponent isn't looking. The first team to capture the flag wins. In most versions you had to both get the flag, and bring it back to your side. This game is a totally different game at night in the woods!

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GAMES OF SKILL UNWRAP THE CANDY BAR This is a fun game to watch. Its for about eight people. You will need one candy bar (several if you want to play the game several times,) an oversized pair of clean gloves, a scarf, a plastic fork and knife, and a pair of dice. Everyone sits on the floor in a circle and all the objects are placed in the center. One by one everyone takes the dice and rolls it. The person who is highest goes first. The game begins by rolling the dice. The dice must roll and end with the same double number (for instance 2 - 2, or 4 - 4, and so forth). If the dice is not double, then the dice is passed on to the next person on the person's right. Now if the dice does end up a double number then the person rolling the dice goes into the middle and gets to put on the gloves and then scarf. He or she may then begin to unwrap the candy bar. As he or she unwraps the candy bar the dice is passed on to the next person. If the next person rolling the dice comes up with a double same number, then the person in the circle must stop whatever he or she is doing and give the glove to person who has just rolled the double dice. The new person in the middle must then start from the begin putting on the glove and scarf before unwrapping the candy bar. If anyone in the middle is able to unwrap the candy bar before anyone else can roll a double number, then he or she gets to eat the candy bar! MARBLES A relatively smooth playing field is required, usually on dirt. A small hole is made in the center of the playing area. Each player antes up a marble, and they are randomly scattered around the playing field. Each player uses a large marble (called a shooter) to try to knock the other marbles into the hole (much like pool) Players take turns shooting, and if a player knocks a marble into the hole with his/her shot, they get to keep the marble they knocked in and shoot again. Variation: One variation is called "agate up" in which all the marbles donated must be agates. Agates a rarer and thus more valuable type of marble.

POPCORN You need a parachute - no strings - with a hole in the middle, and 20 or more bouncing balls (the plastic kind in Toys-R-US)- one for each player. Number the balls and assign one to each player. Eve ry player places his/her ball on the parachute and everyone grabs and lifts the parachute with two hands. Then everyone starts (usually after the leader says "GO!") pumping the chute up and down to remove the balls. The player with their ball on the chute last, wins.

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THE CUB SCOUT ACADEMICS AND SPORTS PROGRAM •

SCHOLARSHIP LEADS TO ADVENTURE

• SPORTSMANSHIP LEADS TO OPPORTUNITY

AN INTRODUCTION The Cub Scout Academics and Sports program is a supplemental enrichment program that complements the existing Cub Scout program. The Academics subjects and Sports activities allow boys to learn new techniques, increase scholarship skills, develop sportsmanship-and have fun. Boys participating in the program will be recognized for enjoying teamwork, developing physical fitness, and discovering and building new talents. The Academics and Sports program encourages a boy to do his best.

CONCEPTS & GUIDELINES The Cub Scout Academics and Sports program is based on the following concepts and guidelines: • • • • • • • • • •

The program supplements the existing advancement and recognition program for Tiger Cubs, Cub Scouts, and Webelos Scouts; it does not replace it. The program is one element of Cub Scouting, as are den and pack meetings, day camp, and other activities. All registered Tiger Cubs, Cub Scouts, and Webelos Scouts have an opportunity to participate in the Academics and Sports program. Participation may take place at home, with the family, or within a den, a pack, or the community. Adult participation by a parent or adult relative, if possible, is strongly recommended for Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts and is required for Tiger Cubs. Emphasis is placed on introducing a boy to a sport or academic subject, allowing him to participate in it and encouraging him to do his best. The Academics and Sports program focuses on learning and skill development, not winning. The primary focus of the program is on scholarship and sportsmanship. Each Tiger Cub, Cub Scout, and Webelos Scout will be presented with the appropriate recognition item for completing the requirements, whether he does so as an individual Scout, with his family, with his den or pack, or in his school or community. The Academics portion of the program covers a variety of subjects, including art, chess, citizenship, communicating, computers, geography, heritages, mathematics, music, science, weather, and wildlife conservation. The Sports portion of the program includes summer and winter sports, indoor and outdoor sports, active and less-active sports, and team and individual sports. Cub Scouts who have disabilities may select their own activities and design their own fitness or academic program with the help of a physician, teacher, or parent.

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PURPOSES OF CUB SCOUTING The Cub Scout Academics and Sports program relates directly to the nine purposes of Cub Scouting: • • • • • • • • •

Positively influencing a boy's character development and encouraging spiritual growth Helping boys develop habits and attitudes of good citizenship Encouraging good sportsmanship and pride in growing strong in mind and body Improving understanding within the family Strengthening the ability to get along with other boys and to respect other people Fostering a sense of personal achievement by helping boys develop new interests and skills Showing how to be helpful and do one's best Providing fun and exciting new things to do Preparing boys to become Boy Scouts

IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM One member of the pack committee should be responsible for coordinating the Academics and Sports program and overseeing the integration of the Academics and Sports activities into the pack program. This person can also ensure that requirements for the different activities are available to boys, families, and dens so that all boys have opportunities to earn awards. Pack leaders should encourage involvement by dens and families and make sure they have opportunities to participate. Many of these academic subjects or sports may become activities a Cub Scout will enjoy for the rest of his life. The pack leaders should also define how costs of the program are budgeted, how requirements will be verified, when and how recognition takes place, and what constitutes a den or pack tournament. The pack leadership can begin incorporating the Academics and Sports activities into the pack program during the annual pack planning meeting. Using a list of Cub Scout Academics and Sports activities, the committee reviews the annual program plan and decides where the academic subjects and sports activities might fit. Remember that these activities should complement the pack's program. •







As you consider which activities to use, ask, o Do the Academics and Sports activities fit into the pack's current program? o Which ones are a natural part of the pack program? o Which ones will help the boys to grow? o Which activities reinforce one or more of the purposes of Cub Scouting? Pack leaders should consider the boys in the pack and ask these questions: o What is the natural inclination of the boys? o Which activities seem to interest them? o How can we best use this program in conjunction with our current plans? o What is an avid interest of an inactive Cub Scout in the den or pack? Remember 7he object of the program is to help boys learn a new skill or improve those they already possess - not simply to provide an opportunity for boys to earn additional recognition. As you review the Academics and Sports activities, keep the school year in mind. Check with school leaders for guidance. o Which of the academic subjects fit with the school's education plans? o When does the school offer instruction in certain sports or academic areas? Consider other community programs that affect a Cub Scouts involvement. o Are the boys playing organized sports that complement one of the sports in the Cub Scout Sports program? o Do they take part in music or art activities that complement one of the Academics subjects? o Do they participate in other activities covered by Cub Scout Academics and Sports areas?

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Decisions about which academic subjects and sports to include in the pack's plan will be easier if you know the specific requirements for the activities you are considering. The "Academics and Sports Program Guide" book lists all requirements, with academic requirements beginning on page 26, and sports requirements beginning on page 51. You are sure to find several Academics and Sports activities that will interest the boys. Try to introduce several new ones each year. CARRYING OUT THE PROGRAM When your unit has selected the academic subjects and sports that you will do, incorporate them into your pack's program. Make copies of the program requirements and resources from this guide and give a copy to each boy and his adult participant. Remember that individual boys may also work on other Academics and Sports topics, so providing a list of all available ones may be helpful for families. Depending on the activity and how the pack's leadership has decided to incorporate it into the pack's program, you may • Tell boys that they may complete the activities as an individual at home, in school, or in another community setting. • Incorporate the activity into your den meeting plans on a weekly or monthly basis. • Incorporate the activity into your pack meeting or activity. • Make the activity a broader experience by having the den or pack participate in a communitysponsored event. Each activity has two levels of involvement: first, the belt loop; and second, the pin. The Belt Loop: There are three specific requirements for each belt loop. As a Cub Scout completes these requirements, he is encouraged to do his best to learn about the activity. The Cub Scout or Webelos Scout can take part in one of three ways: (1) individually or with the family, (2) in the den or pack, or (3) in the school or the community. As Tiger Cubs participate in these activities, their adult partners must accompany them. The Pin: Once the boy has earned the belt loop, he may choose to stop; however, some boys will want to continue with the activity. A Tiger Cub, Cub Scout, or Webelos Scout may complete additional requirements to earn a pin. Each boy should be recognized for participating in the program. Once a boy has completed the requirements for recognition, a pack leader completes the Den Recognition Report. He or she secures the appropriate recognition items, and the boy is presented with the recognition in a meaningful setting, such as a pack meeting. WORKING WITH CUB SCOUT AGE BOYS You might often find yourself acting as teacher or coach as you work with boys in the Academics and Sports program. Keep these tips in mind. •

Keep instruction fun. The use of games and stunts will enhance learning and keep the experience enjoyable for everyone.



When teaching skills, use words and ideas that children can easily relate to and enjoy. For instance, in swimming, you might tell boys they are going to "learn to float like a log" rather than learning "the prone float" Knowing the technical names of skills isn't as important as the skills themselves.



Keep the boys busy and active. Be ready to change to a new activity or to another skill before boys become restless and bored.



Don't tease, ridicule, or threaten the learner especially in front of others!



Demonstrate skills slowly and correctly. It may be helpful to have a boy who is proficient in the skill demonstrate it for his peers.



Always provide for the overall protection and supervision of all the boys.

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And remember: Actions speak louder than words! Discussions you have with youth may be meaningless if your own behavior is inconsistent with what you say. Adaptations for Individuals With Disabilities Flexibility and individuality are key words to remember when adapting Cub Scout Academics and Sports for boys with disabilities. For instance, a fast-moving sport may be difficult for some Cub Scouts with disabilities to participate in. The pace may be too quick, and they may not have enough time to make decisions. Scouting for Youth with Learning Disabilities (No. 33065), Scouting for Youth with Emotional Disabilities (No. 32998A), and Understanding Cub Scouts with Disabilities (No. 33839) are important resources for packs and dens using the Cub Scouts Academics and Sports program. Here are some general ideas for adapting the program for boys with disabilities. •

Adapt the activity, or use mentors, to help a Cub Scout to participate. The boy should be involved to the best of his ability and so that he feels good about his participation.



Involve the boy in a needed, unique role that enhances the activity. For instance, he may be the team manager, the timekeeper, or the person responsible for equipment



Determine alternatives. For instance, miniature golf could be used instead of a full golf course; wheelchair races could be used instead of cycling.



Incorporate special helps into the activity. For instance, during bowling, use ramps with wheelchairs and guide rails for visually impaired youth. During basketball, youth can use a scooter board. During swimming, let youth use artificial aids to help them move across the pool.



Shorten time limits as needed for the mental or physical ability of the Cub Scout.



Include family members when planning a boy's participation in your activity. A knowledgeable parent or guardian is the best resource to help you adapt an Academics or Sports activity.



Pack leaders, with the boy's parent or guardian, may determine different requirements in a specific academic subject or sport to better suit the Cub Scout's ability.

Here are some other helpful hints: •

Soccer, basketball, and volleyball are easy to adapt for wheelchair-bound youth.



Computers can often be adapted to deal with specific disabilities.



If baseball is too fast use tee ball or softball.



In basketball games, adaptations could be minor changes in the rules; for example, don't use the three-second rule, let players cross the centerline, and permit double dribbling.



Most youth with disabilities participate in physical fitness activities, and special-Olympics games are held in the summer and winter. Common sports for youth with disabilities include fishing, horseshoes, gymnastics, aerobics, hiking, and walking.



Cycling may be possible, but pay attention to potential added dangers on the road to some youth with disabilities.



Sports rating the highest in acceptability for youth with mental disabilities are swimming, softball, soccer, basketball, and physical fitness.

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CUB SCOUT SHOOTING SPORTS BB-GUN SAFETY Many Cub Scouts have BB guns or air rifles at home and will be exposed to some type of firearm while growing up. Parents should understand that safety is as necessary with BB guns and air rifles as it is in any other aspect of shooting. Training is essential in learning how to shoot well, and safe shooting habits developed early help provide the atmosphere for learning these skills. Gun-shooting sports are not an approved part of the Cub Scout program, except at Cub Scout day or resident camp. At camp, boys might have an opportunity to take part in a BB-gun (rifle) safety and marksmanship program under the direction of a trained BB-gun range officer. These range officers must attend a three-hour training program conducted by a National Camping School-certified field sports director or National Rifle Association (NRA) instructor. Although gun-shooting sports are not permitted as den and pack activities, leaders can help parents understand the importance of training and encourage attendance of boys at Cub Scout day camps that offer this training.

ARCHERY SAFETY In the year 2000, archery, like BB-gun shooting, becomes a camp program. Boys can earn archery recognition items only at council/district day camp, resident camp, or council-managed family camping programs. To be a qualified and trained archery range supervisor, adults must take part in an archery supervisor training program conducted by the local council with the help of a National Camping School-certified field sports director or a National Archery Association (NAA) instructor. Although archery programs are not permitted at den and pack activities, leaders can help parents understand the importance of training and encourage attendance of boys at Cub Scout camps that offer this training. See Shooting Sports for Cub Scouts, Webelos Scouts, and Parents in Camp (No. 13-550) for more information.

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RECOGNIZE THEIR ACHIEVEMENT A variety of recognition items are available for the boys who participate in the Cub Scout Academics and Sports program. (Adults are not awarded with belt loops or pins.) Packs are encouraged to include the cost of these recognition items in their annual budgets. Packs may consider charging a fee to each participating Cub Scout and adult partner to cover the cost of the awards. BELT LOOPS Belt loops are awarded to boys who complete the three belt loop requirements in an academic subject or sport. Participation can take place individually or with the family, in the den or pack, or in the school or community. Academics belt loops are gold, and Sports belt loops are silver. Belt loops may be worn with the Cub Scout uniform on the Cub Scout belt. Webelos Scouts who have chosen to wear the khaki uniform may still wear the blue Cub Scout belt so as to display the belt loops they have earned. Many Webelos Scouts may earn belt loops and pins a second time to qualify for Webelos activity badges. All boys may earn belt loops more than once; however, leaders should encourage boys to try different requirements and earn the pin. Packs should have a clear policy in place to determine whether the pack or the boy's family will be responsible for the cost of awards that are earned more than once. PINS Tiger Cubs, Cub Scouts, and Webelos Scouts may choose to continue their involvement in an Academics or Sports area and earn the pin. Pins may be worn on the Cub Scout Academics and Sports letter. ACADEMICS AND SPORTS LETTER The Academics and Sports letter, "C" (No. 00805), is available to boys for displaying Academics and Sports pins that Tiger Cubs, Cub Scouts, and Webelos Scouts earn. The letter, representing "Cub Scouts," can be worn on a sweater or jacket, or displayed or framed. It does not go on the uniform. There are no specific requirements for earning the letter, as it is designed merely to display.

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GATHERING ACTIVITIES WHO COLLECTS WHAT 1. Rock Hound 2. Folk Singer 3. Numismatist 4. Ham Radio Operator 5. Cook 6. Lexicographer 7. Philatelist 8. Antique Collector 9. Railroad Buff 10. Book Lover

A. Stamps B. Recipes C. Timetables D. Coins E. Old furniture F. Call numbers G. First editions H. Ballads I.Obsidian J. Words

(Answers: 1- I, 2 – H, 3 – D, 4 – F, 5 - B, 6 - J, 7 – A, 8 – E, 9 - C, 10 -G)

A CORNY GAME Mix this list all up and give copies to everyone as they arrive. Instructions should be printed on the paper": "Corn was the most important food the Indians gave us. Circle everything you believe to be made from corn." (The answers is everything on the list, of course, but don't reveal that until all have worked their paper.)

Alcohol Baby foods Candy Chewing gun Hominy and grits paperboard Solvents Cornflakes insulating materials Cornstarch Yeast Cornmeal

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Vinegar antifreeze cosmetics Dyes Cooking oil Salad dressings Corn syrup paste and glue photographic film medicines Cookies paints

73

Canned/frozen corn ceramics ether textiles Corn sugar Margarine plastics paper safety glass explosives soaps varnishes

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

FIRE SAFETY Fill in the blanks. Every answer is used once and only once! fire exits an adult

fuel floor

fire drills

help 911

stop, drop & roll smoke alarms



Don't play with ________.



Keep ________ away from fires or heat.



Know where the ____________ are in buildings you enter.



Have fire ________ at home.



Check your ________ every month.



Smoky the Bear needs your ________.



If your clothes are on fire _________________.



In a smoke-filled room, the best air is near the ________.



The Fire Dept. emergency phone number is ________.



Never start a fire or use a stove without ____________ present.

BEAR THOUGHTS 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18



If Bear Scouts wear the yellow neckerchief, write "M" in space 9. Otherwise, write "T" in space 9.



If it's OK to divide a number by zero, write "J" in space 10. If not, write "P" in space 10.



If you are the oldest person in this room, write the letter "X" in space 5. If you are not, write "S" in this space.



Put your hands behind your back and by counting on your fingers, find the 2nd letter of the alphabet. Write it in space 3.



If 8 + 9 = 17, write "U" in spaces 2 and 8. Otherwise, write "G" in these spaces.



If the Webelos badge is earned after the Bear badge, write "C" in spaces 1, 6, and 12. If not, write "H" in spaces 1, 6 and 12.



If Bill Clinton was our 1st president, write "G" in space 7. If he wasn't, write "O" in space 7.



If 5 feet equals one mile, draw a house in space 13. Otherwise, write "K" in space 13.



If you like this kind of "paper" game, write the first letter of the alphabet in space 11. If you don't, write "A" in space 11.



If you know your pack's number, write it in, starting with space 15. If you don't know it, ask your den leader. Then write it in those spaces!

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BRAIN TEASERS •

Two cars start from Denver to drive to Colorado Springs, a distance of 80 miles. They are the same make of car, and both are being driven at the same speed. One of the cars makes the trip in 80 minutes while it takes the other car one hour and twenty minutes. Can you explain the reason?



I walked up the street to the top of a hill and counted 50 windows on my right. I turned around and walked back and counted 50 windows on my left. How many windows did I count?



Papa duck, mama duck, and baby duck went for a swim. Baby duck said, “Aren’t we four having a lot of fun?” Why did baby duck say four instead of three?



Take the number of pennies in a dollar. Multiply by the number of thirds in a circle. Divide by the number of inches in a foot of string. Subtract the number of nickels in a quarter.



Take the number of toes on both feet. Multiply by the number of pints in a quart. Add the number of months in half a year. Subtract the number of thumbs on two hands. Divide by a dozen oranges.



How far can a dog walk into the woods?

ANSWERS • Eighty minutes and one hour, twenty minutes are the same. • • • • •

Fifty. The windows on my right going up were the same as on my left coming back. Baby duck was too young to count. 20 2 Only halfway, once he is halfway in, he starts coming out again.

TRIVIA CHALLENGE •

With which hand does the Statue of Liberty hold her torch?

(right)



Which is larger, a dime or a penny?

(penny)



How many keys are there on a piano?

(88)



How many stars in the big dipper?

(7)



How many legs does a spider have?

(8)



Whose picture is printed on a one dollar bill?

(George Washington)



If you have only one match and enter a room in which there is a kerosene lamp, an oil heater and a wood burning stove, which do you light first?

(The match)

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FAMILY TIME D E C I S I O N G N I L C Y C E R N

L Y S M N J O B S T E R U S I E L E

O D U E D E T R G N I R A H S P V A

Y D P E G F A T R U S T F A E I R T

A T P T N L G O H P M P L E H C E N

L N O I I E R X L L O V E G T N S E

D U R N G X O Y G R E N E A O I P S

E R T G N I W C A R I N G R L C E S

U T U Y A B I V S W A S R B C L C S

L U N T H L N F L V X V J A S Y T E

A R O I C E G F A N G B V G N L Z N

V E I R E C E L E B R A T E A I G I

R T T U G R K D M Y O D D L F M N L

S A A C N A W P C R C O E A F A I N

L S C E I F J O O Z E O F D I F V A

V K A S K T X H D H R F A X R L A E

R S V R I S E S C W Y U S Z M C S L

L A U G H A E T A R E P O O C M N C

Find the following words in the puzzle above. Words appear only horizontally or vertically. AFFIRM CLEANLINESS DECISION FOOD HELP LEISURE MEETING RESPECT SECURITY TASKS

CARING CLOTHES ENERGY GARBAGE HIKING LOVE NEATNESS PICNIC SHARING TRUST

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CELEBRATE COOPERATE FAMILY GROCERY JOBS LOYAL NURTURE SAFE SHOP VACATION

76

CHANGING CRAFTS FLEXIBLE GROWING LAUGH MEALS RECYCLING SAVING SUPPORT VALUED

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SKITS KAYAK SKIT Scouts bring in a 2-man (or two one-man) kayak or mime being in a kayak (double bladed paddles are all you really need). S1: Boy, sure is pretty here. But I'm getting cold. S2: Me, too. (peers off in the distance) Too far to shore, let's build a fire here in the kayak! That'll heat us up. S1: Good idea! (Scouts mime building the fire.) S2: Aah, that feels good, etc. S1: (suddenly) Hey, we're sinking! (Frantic bailing, then turn to Audience and shrug shoulders in exaggerated style.) S1: Well, that just goes to show you Both: You can't have your kayak and heat it, too!

RUN-ON What do you call it when a family of rabbits that are lined up in a straight line and take one hop backwards? A receding hare line. THE LOST QUARTER Number of Participants: 5 or more. Props: None. Scene: One person acts as a lamp post, shining a flashlight on the ground. Another is groping around in the pool of light. (He's # 1). #3: (enters, sees # 1, and asks:) "What are you looking for?" # 1: "A quarter that I lost". He joins # 1, and helps him search. A fourth and fifth enter and repeat the above scene. Finally one of them asks # 1: "Where did you loose the quarter ?" # 1: (Pointing away) "Over there:. Boy: "Then why are you looking here?" # 1: "Because the light is better over here!"

RUN-ON st 1 Scout: What is the scariest part of the earth? nd 2 Scout: I don't know, what IS the scariest part of the earth? st 1 Scout: The atmos-FEAR.

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CUB SCOUT UPSIDE DOWN STEW Setting: On stage is a huge pot, made from a cardboard carton. The pot could be painted on the side of the carton. Boys getting into the pot, pile on top of each other face down. Boy with chef's hat is stirring in pot with a broomstick. Chef: (Pretends to taste) Hmmm-mm. Tastes like a well-rounded den to me. Den Leader: “What did you put in it?” Chef: (reading from oversized card marked "Recipe") “Cub Scouts that do their best”. (Any number of uniformed Cub climb into pot) "A sense of humor"

(Grinning Cub wearing sign "Humor" climbs into pot)

"A pinch of wanting to please” (Cub wearing sign, "I want to please" climbs into pot) "A dash of mischief"

(Cub wearing sign 'Mischief' climbs into pot)

"A bit of Obedience"

(Cub wearing sign "Obedience" climbs into pot)

”A bundle of sunshine"

(Cub wearing "Sunshine' sign climbs into pot)

"And a ton of energy"

(Cub wearing 'Energy' sign scampers into pot)

"Stir well and you have Cub Scout Upside Down Stew". Den Leader: (Pretends to taste) "Tastes like dirty blue jeans to me!" THE LOST SHEEP The leader makes an elaborate announcement introducing a soloist, who is to sing a ballad entitled "The Lost Sheep." The singer takes his position, glances to the leader who nods his head as a signal to begin. The singer then gives a plaintive "Baa-aa-aa," bows and exits the stage. Owls? Cub comes on stage carrying a picture of an owl. He says, "Owl be seein' ya!" Quacking Up! Have several scouts walk across the stage staring at the ceiling and saying "Quack, quack." Leader then asks what they are doing and they reply, "Quacking Up!"

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QUIET PLEASE Siren - siren sound Policeman - loud whistle Pigs - oink, oink Ducks - quack, quack Screamed - everyone scream

Dog - woof, woof Librarian - SSSh Chickens - squawk, squawk Boys - Stamp feet and sing "La, la, la." Loud Crash - everyone clap

It was a beautiful fall afternoon in --(your towns name)-- , New York. In the balmy air the rich aroma of lumber being milled in nearby Bogalusa was very prominent. The only sounds to be heard were the faint moan of a fire SIREN in a neighboring subdivision, the distant barking of a DOG, and the occasional whistle of the POLICEMAN at the Main Street intersection. Within the Parish Library, someone turned a page too loudly and the LIBRARIAN said, "SSSh!". On the highway at the outskirts of the town, a farmer was slowly driving his animals to the market. Each time he hit a bump, the PIGS grunted, the CHICKENS squawked, and the DUCKS quacked. Yes, all was peaceful in --(your towns name)--. Suddenly, two BOYS appeared on the quiet street. They were singing and marching in time to the rhythm. They reached the center of town where the POLICEMAN blew his whistle to let them cross at the crosswalk. Still singing, the BOYS marched up the steps of the library. The LIBRARIAN looked up quickly and said, "SSSh!". Each BOY took a book, then sat down at one of the tables. One of the BOYS looked around the almost deserted library and remarked, "They'd do a lot more business in here if they had comic books!" Guess what the LIBRARIAN said? That's right ---"SSSh!". Outside, the DOG's barking could be heard more strongly. The POLICEMAN blew his whistle as a car approached the intersection, followed by the farmer's truck. As they started up again, the woman driving the car signaled a right turn. Oddly enough, her car made a left turn. The farmer slammed on his brakes and there was a LOUD CRASH! Down went the tail gate of the truck and out tumbled the PIGS; the crates burst and out flew the CHICKENS and the DUCKS. The DOG, who was quite close, began an excited chase, barking wildly. Frightened, the PIGS ran up the library steps grunting, followed by squawking CHICKENS, quacking DUCKS, and the barking DOG. The LIBRARIAN was so startled she had time to let out only one "SSSh!", before a CHICKEN flew into her face. The BOYS jumped up and delightedly burst into song. In rushed the POLICEMAN, frantically whistling. From across the street, old Miss Curious saw the disturbance, and called the fire department. In the distance began the whine of the SIREN, which grew louder as the fire truck approached the library. At that moment in the Parish Library these things were going on: The PIGS were grunting, the CHICKENS were clucking, the DUCKS were quaking, the DOG was barking, the BOYS were singing, the fire SIREN was screaming, the POLICEMAN was whistling, and the LIBRARIAN was hopelessly saying over and over again "SSSh, SSSh!". And for a while as least, all these things were going on a the same time! ...But an hour later, everything was peaceful again in --(your towns name)--. The PIGS, DUCKS and CHICKENS had somehow been caught and put back into their crates, and the POLICEMAN again stood at his post by the intersection. And the LIBRARIAN? Well, she looked around the library at the floating feathers, the muddy floor, the disarranged books, the overturned tables, and the broken chairs. ... And then, all of the sudden, she SCREAMED!

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LITTLE WOLF AND CRAZY BEAR Little Wolf: wolf howl Crazy Bear: bear growl Cowboys: Yippeeee" Buffalo: "Hides" Now Little Wolf and Crazy Bear were from a tribe of American Indians who got their food hunting buffalo. They roamed the plains, always on the look-out for buffalo. But since the cowboys had come to their land, the buffalos were scarce. Little Wolf and Crazy Bear had a hard time finding any buffalo to feed their people. But they didn't have any trouble at all finding cowboys. In fact, they had to hide quite often so the cowboys wouldn't shoot them. Up and down the plains Little Wolf and Crazy Bear roamed searching out the buffalo and hiding from the cowboys. One day, Little Wolf saw something moving through the brush and he called to Crazy Bear. "Hey, Crazy Bear, what is that?" I don't know, Little Wolf", replied Crazy Bear, "But it looks like it might be good to eat." Little Wolf laughed and said, "I think it belongs to the cowboys." "Well, I know it's not a buffalo" replied Crazy Bear. So Little Wolf, a true Indian hunter, pulled back his bow and the arrow went straight to the mysterious animal. Crazy Bear then went to work skinning and preparing it to take back to the tribe. After all this work, the two Indian hunters were hungry, so they built a fire and cooked some of the meat. "This tastes too good to be a buffalo" said Little Wolf. "Yea" said Crazy Bear. "Those cowboys sure raise good meat. I wonder why they kill our buffalo?" When Little Wolf and Crazy Bear took the meat back to the tribe, all the women wanted more of this meat. So the hunters set out to find the cowboys and find what this strange animal was. When Little Wolf and Crazy Bear came on the cowboy camp, it was early in the morning. The cowboys were still asleep. Little Wolf and Crazy Bear saw one of those animals sitting way out form the camp, so they decided to kill it and drag it away. "Hey Buffalo Bill, did you see that?" asked one of the cowboys. "Sure did" was the reply. "I see someone finally got Sitting Bull."

THE COUNCIL FIRE Characters: Any number of Indians including one Big Chief. Setting: Indians grouped around a campfire. All are very sad. 1st Indian: I fear big trouble in making. (all grunt) 2nd Indian: Must do big magic to stop many wars. 3rd Indian: How? 4th Indian: Big worry makes head ache with thinking. (all grunt) Big Chief: Great Spirit give me wisdom to treat problem. I must go to White Man. (Rises from campfire and goes to center of stage. He addresses the audience.) We all wish for peaceful moons and plentiful corn. Maybe we need know word from each other. Please help me and repeat after me the words I say. Big Chief: Oh Wa Audience: Oh Wa Big Chief: Ta Goo Audience: Ta Goo Big Chief: Si Am Audience: Si Am Big Chief: Very good, I think we are learning. (all Indians nod in agreement) Please one more time to go faster into land of knowledge. (Repeat chant as before only faster and faster until it is fast enough so that they can combine syllables and come up with the meaning: "Oh What A Goose I Am")

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HICCUPS Characters: Den leader, Cub Scouts. Props: Chairs for boys - set up as for den meeting around table. Den Leader: I want you all to work on your craft now - making kites for the pack kite flying contest. Do your best. (Den Leader leaves room - boys start to use materials to make craft) Cub #1: (hiccup, hiccup) I can't make my kite (hiccup). I keep hiccuping (hiccup). I better go play Nintendo and rest (hiccup). Cub #2: I know what to do. Hold your breath while I count to ten. It works every time. One, two, three, ...ten. (Cub #1 holds breath) Cub #1: (lets out breath - loud hiccup) It didn't work! (hiccup) Cub #3: Try putting a pinch of sugar under your tongue. It works every time. Cub #1: (tries sugar under tongue - hiccup, hiccup) That didn't work either. Cub #4: Here, try breathing into this paper bag. That always works! Cub #1: (breaths into bag - hiccup) Nothing works for me (hiccup). (Den Leader returns. Cub #2 runs up to him.) Cub #2: Mr. Smith - Billy keeps hiccuping and he can't do his work. I guess he better go play Nintendo while we finish his kite. Den Leader: Billy, come here. Let's hear you hiccup so I can see if I should let you go play Nintendo. Cub #1: (silence) Den Leader: Go ahead, hiccup! Cub #1: (total silence) Den Leader: Well, I guess you better go back and finish your kite. (Turns to audience.) It works every time! CUB SCOUT SOCKS Characters: Den leader, 3 Cub Scouts. Props: A pile of socks on a table. Den leader sits behind table. Den leader: Boys, I'm pleased to announce that our new Cub Scout socks have arrived! Please step up for your supply of clean socks. Cub #1: I need four pair. Den leader: What do you need 4 pair for? Cub #1: I need them for Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday. Den leader: O.K. Here are your socks. Next please. Cub #2: I need seven pair. Den leader: What do you need seven pair for? Cub #2: For Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. Den leader: O.K. here are your socks. Cub #3: I need 12 pairs. Den leader: Wow, you must really be a clean guy! So why do you need 12 pair? Cub #3: Well, there's January, February, March, April...etc.

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THE ANTS Characters: 6 to 8 Cub Scouts.Props: Paper sacks Setting: Skit opens with boys standing together in a backyard. Cardboard cutout trees and bushes could be used. 1st Cub: Gee, there's nothing to do. 2nd Cub: Yeah, I know. 3rd Cub: Hey, let's have a backyard picnic. All:

Yeah!

4th Cub: But it's going to rain. 1st Cub: I don't think so. If it does, we can eat in the house. 2nd Cub: I'll bring the potato chips. 3rd Cub: I'll bring the hot dogs. 4th Cub: I'll bring the hot dog buns. 5th Cub: I'll bring the drinks. 6th Cub: And I'll bring something special! (All walk offstage and come back carrying sacks) 2nd Cub: Here are the chips. 3rd Cub: Here are the hot dogs. 4th Cub: Here are the hot dog buns. 5th Cub: Here are the drinks. 6th Cub: (Drops his sack) Oh, no! 5th Cub: What's wrong? 6th Cub: I brought the ants!! THE FISHING TRIP Cast: 4 to 8 Cub Scouts. Props: Fishing gear, a small row boat or cardboard silhouette of a boat, and a sign that says "boat dock". Setting: The scene starts with the boat about 10 feet away from the boat dock. The Cub Scouts and their Den Chief are on their way to go fishing. The first Cub stops at the dock then walks out across the water and gets in the boat. Boy 2:

Hey wait for me! (he walks out to the boat)

Den Chief: Oh well... (steps into the water and pretends to fall in and drags himself back to shore) Boy 3:

Hey wait up. Here I come (walks out to the boat)

The Den Chief tries and fails again. The sequence continues until all the boys are in the boat and only the Den Chief remains on shore. Finally, one of the Cub Scouts says: Should we tell him where the rocks are?

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CUB COOKOUT Characters: Several Cubs around fake campfire pretending to cook hot dogs on sticks. Two Cubs dressed as mosquitoes--antennae, wings etc. Setting: Boys around fire keep slapping as if they are being attacked by mosquitoes throughout the skit. As the scene opens, the two mosquitoes enter the stage and continue walking randomly around the boys as they deliver their lines. Mosquito #1: Hey, I got a good one! Which sport do we mosquitoes like best? Mosquito #2: Easy! Skin-diving. Say, did you hear what the Cub Scout said to the mosquito. Mosquito #1: No, what? Mosquito #2: Don't bug me! Mosquito #1: Are you related to any of the bugs around here? Mosquito #2: Sure. My ant. Mosquito #1: Did you hear what the mother grasshopper said to her children? Mosquito #2: No -- tell me. Mosquito #1: Hop to it! Cub #1: These mosquitoes are awful! Lucky I brought the insect repellant. (Pretends to spray air.) (Mosquitoes exit quickly -- choking and gagging.) Cub #2: (To cub #1) Say, what has 18 feet, red eyes, and long claws. Cub #1: I don't know. Cub #2: Neither do I, but it's crawling up your neck. (All boys run screaming from stage.)

FISH Scout walks on stage carrying a fishing pole. Boy 1: Did you catch anything? Boy 2: Yes. Boy 1: How big was it? Boy 2: It was THIS BIG. (Build up speech volume on THIS while spreading hands farther apart. On BIG, suddenly bring hands to about 6 or 7 inches apart).

THE WATER SKIER Boy 1: My brother is so dumb. Boy 2: How dumb is he? Boy 1: He got a pair of water skis for his birthday a month ago, and he is still looking for a lake with a hill in it.

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THE PICNIC Cast: Mom, Dad, two Uncles and Billy. (Someone should introduce characters.) Costumes: Everyone is in summer wear and ready for a picnic. Props: Picnic basket, blanket spread out on ground, plates, cups, etc. and Billy with a ball. Scene: Mom, Dad and the two Uncles are sitting around the blanket and Billy with a ball. Billy:Mom, When do we eat? Mom: As soon as your aunts arrive, Billy. Dad: This is a great day for a picnic. 1st Uncle: The weatherman said we're going to have sunshine all day and the weatherman is always right! (sound effect of thunder) 2nd Uncle: Almost always right! Billy:Mom, when are going to eat? Mom: As soon as your aunts arrive, Billy! Dad: Anyone here want to go to the Tiger baseball game with me next Saturday? 2nd Uncle: I will, we should have a roaring good time! 1st Uncle: You ain't just ly-in (lion)! That would be a Paw-fect day. Billy:Mom, when are we going to eat? Mom: As soon as your aunts arrive, Billy. (Billy leaves with disgust, but comes back quickly with some "ants". A large ant made from cardboard on a string and put it in front of his mothers face. Mom screams.) Dad: What's the meaning of this, Billy! Billy:I'm hungry!! Mom said we'll eat as soon as my aunts are here! GONE FISHING Characters: Dad, Mom, Jimmy, Johnny and Jerry. Props: A large box containing lots of fishing gear - tackle box, fishing gear, waders, etc. Dad: (coming in from work) Oh boy! My new fishing gear is here! Did I get everything I ordered? Mom: I think so, but you'd better check and make sure. Dad: Let's see... my new waders, my new casting rod and reel. And my new lures... 500 assorted lures. I now own the most advanced technology for catching fish that money can buy! (Jimmy and Johnny enter) Jimmy: You got your new fishing gear! When are you going fishing Dad? Dad: Just as soon as I put on my jeans and my new fishing sweater. Johnny: Can we go, Dad? Can we? Dad: Why sure, boys. I can teach you fellahs all about fishing in the great outdoors. By the way, where's your brother? Mom: I haven't seen him in awhile. (Jerry enters carrying an extremely long string of cardboard fish) Jerry: Hi Dad! Look what I caught! Dad: Where did you get those? Jerry: Fishing. Dad: With what? Jerry: With a stick and a bent safety pin for a hook. Dad: A safety pin? (Looks at his pile of equipment.) Get me a stick! I'm going fishing with you!

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CITY SLICKERS Cast: Ma, Pa, Boy, Sis, all dressed as hillbillies. Two boys dressed as city slickers. Props: Large cardboard car cutout with handles on back. A log cabin prop or backdrop. Setting: Two city slickers drive up in front of log cabin and honk their horn. Ma: (comes out of cabin) Howdy! What ya'll want? Driver: How do we get to Tulsa? Ma: Well... I don't rightly know, but I'll ask my son. (yells into cabin) Sonny, how do ya'll get to Tulsey? Boy: (comes out) Well, Ma, I don't rightly know. I'll ask Sis. (yells into cabin) Sis, how do ya'll get to Tulsey? Sis: (comes out) I don't rightly know. I'll ask Pa. (yells) Pa, how do ya'll get to Tulsey? Pa: (comes out) Let me see now. I don't rightly know how to get to Tulsey? Rider: Boy! You people sure are dumb. You don't know anything do you? Pa: Well... it's this-a-way. We might not be right smart... but we ain't lost! THE HAPPY HIKERS Narrator: We're going on a hike. Just do what I do and listen carefully. (begin hiking in place) Here we go on a hike thru the woods and over the mountains. Come along with me. (smile, wave to the group and hike in place) We're coming to a steep hill. (bend over as if climbing) Now we're on top. What a lovely view. (shade eyes and look around) Now, we'll have to go down. (move hand like going down a roller coaster and say "swooosh!") Boy, we're out of breath. (breath heavily) Now, we're passing thru a meadow. (hike in place) What's that I see? (stop, look to one side) It's a rabbit! And a meadowlark. (look up) And a bumblebee! (run swiftly in place, waiving arms as if fighting off a bee) We're happy hikers. (hike in place) We're happy because of the beautiful mountains we see (shade eyes and smile) And because of all that clean fresh air we are breathing (breath heavily) And especially because we got away from the buzzing bee. (smile, turn head to look behind you and wave bye to bee)

Now we're getting tired. (slow pace, walk droopily) There's what we need! (points) A cool refreshing drink from the river. (pick up pace, kneel down and scoop water to mouth) Ahhh, how refreshing. Let's be on our way (hike in place). Now let's try to jump over the river without getting our feet wet . (take big step, get feet wet, shake them off) Oh well, don't feel too bad about not making it. It was a wide river. At least we have cool toes. (shake feet again)

We'd better stop for lunch. (stop, reach in pocket, bring out sandwich, start eating, take handkerchief from pocket, wipe mouth, replace handkerchief, resume hiking in place) Ummmm, that feels better. Look, there's a lovely lake. (points) Let's swim across. (swim strokes, breast-stroke, sidestroke, backstroke) That was great! (resume hiking in place) Look a that crooked trail ahead. (point) It's nothing but twists and turns. (continue hiking - twisting and turning) I'm glad that's over. I was getting dizzy. (stagger) Look like we have come to the end of the trail. (stop) What do we do now? Are you tired? (shake head YES!) So am I. (sit down, wipe brow)

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HOW MUCH? Characters: Bob (a cashier), Paul (a Webelos Scout) and Mr. Jones (Cubmaster). Setting: Bob stands behind counter (table) waiting on Paul. He has a computerized check-out machine (decorated box). Groceries indicated in script are ready to be checked out (empty cartons). Paul: Hi Bob! How much are these eggs? Bob: Seventy cents a dozen (scanning eggs). Paul: How much for two dozen? Bob: One dollar and forty cents. (Paul writes down the prices on a pad as Bob scans each item) Paul: How much is one pound of coffee? Bob: Two dollars and 89 cents (scans coffee). Paul: How much for one can of peas? Bob: Thirty-three cents (scans peas). Paul: How much is one box of Betty Crocker Cake mix? Bob: Seventy-nine cents (scans cake mix). Paul: How much is a pound of American cheese? Bob: One dollar and 59 cents (scans cheese). Paul: And a bottle of grape juice? Bob: Seventy-nine cents (scans grape juice). Say, you certainly are keeping good records of what you spend. Paul: One package of oatmeal? Bob: One dollar and 49 cents (scans oatmeal). Paul: Now, how much does all that cost? Bob: That's nine dollars and 28 cents. (Mr. Jones enters) Mr. Jones: Hi, Bob! Hi, Paul! Are you buying food for the Webelos overnight camp out? Bob: Do you want all this in paper or plastic? Paul: Oh, no! I don't want to buy anything. I just had a math problem today. "How much would the following items cost at today's prices?" Thanks for the help, Bob! Bye!

IF IT AIN'T BROKE, DON'T FIX IT! Setting: In the computer lab at school. Student: Hey, teacher. My computer ain't working. It's broke! Teacher: No, no. My computer is broken. Her computer is broken. Your computer is broken. Student: Boy, ain't nothing working right around this place!

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THEY'RE COMING... Pretend to pour liquid from one test tube or glass into another. Watch the glass and say, "It looks like it's going to work... Oh no! They're coming to take me away, ha ha, ho ho, he he." Run off stage.

NO ROCKET SCIENTIST Setting: Rocket pilot in cockpit on one side of stage. Ground control with computer on other side. Rocket Pilot: Mayday! Mayday! Engine on fire. Mayday! Ground control: We read you. Hang in there. We're going to try and lock in on you with our computer. Rocket Pilot: Well, hurry up! I can't hold on much longer. I'm surrounded by flames. Ground Control: O.K. This is critical. Before you eject -- state your height and position. Rocket Pilot: Oh, I'm about 5 foot 6, and I'm sitting down. Bye! (Pretends to push eject button and jumps out of cockpit.)

THE TONIGHT SHOW Characters: Cub Scout Interviewer (sitting in for Jay Leno), Mickey Mouse, and Garfield. NOTE: The Cub Scout Interviewer can have a script to read his part on his desk -- as if referring to notes on his guests. Famous cartoon characters can be created by masks or costumes. Setting: Desk and chair for host, chairs for guests, sign stating "The Tonight Show". Interviewer: Ladies and gentleman! Welcome to the Tonight Show! Jay Leno is on vacation tonight and he asked me to sit in for him. We are really fortunate to have some very special guests tonight. So in honor of Cub Scout Animation month, please welcome... Mickey Mouse! (Applause) Mickey MouseHi ya folks! (high squeaky voice) Interviewer: Mickey, there is so much your fans are dying to know about you. Could you tell us (pause) what is your favorite breakfast cereal? Mickey Mouse: Easy. Mouse Krispies! Interviewer: That figures. Tell me Mickey, do you think you'll ever be #1 in Hollywood? Mickey Mouse: I doubt it. You know, Mice Guys Finish Last! Interviewer: Any special words for your fans? Mickey Mouse: Sure! Have a mice day! Interviewer: Thanks for coming Mickey. My next guest has been a star of cartoons, books and comic strips for years. A big hand for Garfield! (applause) Garfield: OK, ok! Don't overdo it! Interviewer: Garfield, we know you're a superstar after all these years. Can you tell us what kind of car you prefer to be ride in around town? Garfield: I won't ride in anything but a Catillac! Interviewer: Can you tell us what sort of stage make-up you use when you are making movies? Garfield: Kitty Glitter. Interviewer: I hear you're planning to take some time off from your career for a sailing trip to Hawaii on your yacht. What kind of boat is it?

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Garfield: A catamaran of course. Interviewer: Thanks so much Garfield. Ladies and gentlemen, our last guest is very special. He has rarely spoken over the many years that he has been part of a famous comic strip. But tonight... Snoopy SPEAKS! Please welcome... Snoopy! (applause) Interviewer: Snoopy, we're all dying to know what did Charlie Brown say when heard you were leaving home to be on the Tonight Show? Snoopy: Dog-gone! Interviewer: We'd like to know more about you... what is your favorite soda? Snoopy: Pup-sicola! Interviewer: We understand that now you've decided to speak, you are planning your own radio talk show. Can you tell us what station your program will be on? Snoopy: National Pup-lic Radio! Interviewer: Thanks Snoopy, Garfield, Mickey. You've been great! Goodnight from the Tonight Show

IS THERE LIFE ON OTHER PLANETS? Characters: Roger Rabbit, Bugs Bunny, Silvester, Tweedy Bird, Raphael, Casper. Setting: A conference room. Characters are seated with there backs to the audience. The characters do not face the audience until the end of the skit. Roger Rabbit: (stands) Ladies and gentlemen. Please come to order. I have called you here today to make an important announcement. I am sorry to tell you that after exhaustive studies, we have come to the conclusion that there cannot possibly be any life on the planet nearest us. Bugs Bunny: but what about the changes in color from white to green that have been observed on the planet's surface? Don't these indicate weather changes and some kind of atmosphere? Roger Rabbit: All tests show that there is some atmosphere on the planet, but it is not enough to sustain life as we know it. Sylvester: Then how do you account for the ditches or canals that have been seen with our telescopes? Roger Rabbit: Latest viewing indicate that these are merely natural ground formations, and there is no proof whatever that they are made by any living beings. Tweety Bird: Then we must conclude that the flying saucer stories are all hoaxes? Roger Rabbit: No, of course not. Most of these sightings have perfectly logical, scientific explanations, and the rest are the direct result of mass hysteria. Raphael: Then all the strange sounds picked up on radio receivers come from our own transmitters or are produced by atmospheric disturbances? Roger Rabbit: I'm afraid so. Casper: I, for one, am extremely disappointed. I've always been sure we had neighbors on other planets, or at least on the one nearest to us. Perhaps not life as we know it, but some kind of intelligent life, totally unknown to us. Roger Rabbit: Ladies and gentlemen, I am going to adjourn this meeting. I can see no point in discussing this matter further. The tests have been so conclusive that any intelligent person must accept the fact that there is no life on (Pause) All: (stand and turn to audience) Earth! GREASE Boy 1: Tonight we are going to be talking about ancient Greece.

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(Boy 2 walks onstage carrying a can of Crisco.) Boy 1: No, no; not that kind of grease. You know Greece, the place. Boy 2: Oh yeah, that's in back of the cafeteria.

OLYMPIC DRAMA Have den line up on stage. One scout steps forward and announces that this is the first international exhibition of a new Olympic event. This is the cue for the rest of the scouts to grin as wide as possible. The narrator announces that this was the Standing Broad Grin.

CUB OLYMPICS Characters: TV reporter, 4 Cub athletes getting ready for the Cub Olympics. Props: Frisbee for discuss, pile for javelin, bag of cookies, toothbrush and basin of water on stand, fake mike for reporter (can be dressed in suit jacket and have ID for his station on his lapel in large letters) TV reporter: We're here today to interview the athletes at Pack _____ as they prepare for the challenge of this years Cub Olympics. As you can imagine, it takes months of training and hard work to get these athletes ready to compete. Let's see how they are preparing themselves for the big competition. (turns to Cub #1 with microphone) Tell me, how are you getting ready for your event in the Olympics? Cub #1: I'm practicing my throw for the discus event. (demonstrates how to throw discus using frisbee) TV reporter: Great form! (turns to Cub #2) and you -- can you tell us how you are preparing to compete? Cub #2: I'm polishing my javelin for the javelin throw (polishes pole with a rag.) TV reporter: Good luck! (turns to Cub #3) What are you doing today? Cub #3: I'm practicing for the standing broad jump. (does a couple of practice jumps) TV reporter: Fine! (turns to Cub #4) And what are you doing to train for the Olympics? Cub #4: I'm brushing my teeth! (uses basin of water and toothbrush --pretends to brush teeth) TV reporter: Brushing your teeth! What Olympic event could you possibly be training for? Cub #4: I'm training for the International Olympic Cookie - Eating event! (pulls out bag of cookies and stuffs some in his mouth.)

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SING AMERICA PATRIOTIC SONGS AMERICA

THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND Chorus This land in your land, this land is my land, From California, to the New York Island, From the redwood forests to the Gulf Stream waters, This land was made for you and me.

(MY COUNTRY 'TIS OF THEE)

My country 'tis of thee, Sweet land of liberty, Of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, Land of the pilgrims' pride, From ev'ry mountain side Let freedom ring. AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL - Katherine Lee Bates O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain, For purple mountain majesties Above the fruited plain. Oh beautiful for pilgrim feet, Whose stern, impassioned stress, A thoroughfare for freedom beat, Across the wilderness. America! America! God mend thine every flaw, Confirm thy soul in self-control, Thy liberty in law. Oh beautiful for heroes proved, in liberating strife Who more than self their country loved, And mercy more than life. America! America! May God thy gold refine, 'Till all success be nobleness, And every gain divine. O beautiful for patriot dreams That sees beyond the years; Thine alabaster cities gleam, Undimmed by human tears. America! America! God shed his grace on thee, And crown thy good with brotherhood, From sea to shining sea. YOU'RE A GRAND OLD FLAG You're a grand old flag, you're a high-flying flag, Forever in peace may you wave. You're the emblem of, the land I love, The home of the free and the brave. Every heart beats true for the red, white, and blue, Where there's never a boast or a brag. But should old acquaintance be forgot, Keep your eye on the grand old flag.

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As I was walking, that ribbon of highway, I saw above me that endless skyway, I saw below me that golden valley, This land was made for you and me. I've roamed and rambled and I followed my footsteps, To the sparkling sands of her diamond deserts, And all around me a voice was sounding, This land was made for you and me. I followed your low hills and I followed your cliff rims, Your marble canyons and sunny bright waters, This voice came calling, as the fog was lifting, This land was made for you and me. As the sun was shining and I was strolling, Through the wheat fields waving and the dust clouds rolling, I could feel inside me and see all 'round me This land was made for you and me. YANKEE DOODLE Yankee Doodle went to town, a-riding on a pony; Stuck a feather in his cap and called it macaroni. Chorus Yankee Doodle keep it up, Yankee Doodle dandy, Mind the music and the step, and with the girls be handy. Father and I went down to camp along with Captain Gooding And there we saw the men and boys, as thick as hasty pudding. There was Colonel Washington, upon a strapping stallion, A-giving orders to his men, I guess there was a million. And there I saw a cannon barrel as big as mother's basin, And every time they touched it off they scampered like the nation.

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER - Francis Scott Key Oh, say can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched were so galantly streaming? And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through night that our flag was still Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream: 'Tis the star-spangled banner; oh, long may it wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! And where is that band who so vauntingly swore, That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion, A home and a country shall leave us no more? Their blood has washed out their foul footstep's pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave, From the terrors of flight or the gloom of the grave: And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. Oh, thus be it ever when freemen shall stand, Between their loved ones and wild war's desolation, Blest with victr'y and peace, may the heav'nrescued land, Praise the pow'r that hath made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must when our cause it is just, And this be our motto: "In God is our trust!" And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

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Francis Scott Key was a lawyer in Washington D.C. at the time of the War of 1812. He received permission from President James Madison to ask the British to release his friend, Dr. William Beanes, who had been taken prisoner. On September 13, 1814, Key was rowed out to a British ship in Baltimore Harbor to secure the release. The request was granted, but Key was detained on- board overnight as a precaution against his warning the garrison of Fort McHenry of the attack the British were about to make. During the night, Key witnessed the attack from the deck of the British ship. The hours passed slowly as he anxiously waited for dawn. When the sun finally rose, the sky was gray with low- hung clouds and patches of mist. But as the day grew brighter, Key was able to make out the enormous American Flag9 still flying over the fort, showing that it had not surrendered. Key's exhilaration at the sight began to take poetic shape; using the back of a letter he pulled from his pocket, he jotted down a few lines and phrases. When the British withdrew and the Americans had returned to Baltimore, Key added to his lines and entitled the poem "The Defense of Fort McHenry". Shortly afterward he conceived of it being sung to a popular tune of the period, called "To Anacreon From Heaven"; this was the tune we know today as "The Star Spangled Banner". The song immediately caught on in Baltimore; the Fort McHenry garrison adopted it, and the local newspapers published it. As rest of the nation began to realize the significance of the events at Fort McHenry, people in other cities began putting Francis Scott Key's words to the tune.• Contenders for the status of national anthem included such rivals as "Columbia the Gem of the Ocean". "The Star Spangled Banner" eventually prevailed and was made the official national anthem of the United States by an Act of Congress in 1931. The flag that flew over Fort McHenry was originally 42 feet long. Each stripe was nearly two feet wide, and the five-pointed stars were two feet from point to point. Tattered and marred by relic-seekers, it is now preserved at the Smithsonian Museum of History and Technology in Washington, D.C.

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

ACTION SONGS BOOM CHICKA BOOM I said a-boom-chick-a-boom! [Group echoes.] I said a-boom-chick-a-boom! [Group echoes.] I said a-boom-chick-a-rock-a-chick-a-rock-a-chick-aboom! [Group echoes.] Uh-huh! [Group echoes.] On Yeah! [Group echoes.] This time! [Group echoes.] We sing! [Group echoes.] HIGHER! Each time a leader adds a different variation such as: LOWER, WHISPER, LOUDER, TONGUE-INCHEEK, SEXY, GROOVY (COOL).

DO YOUR EARS HANG LOW? With the appropriate actions

[Tune: Turkey in the Straw]

Do your ears hang low? Do they wobble to and fro? Can you tie them in a knot? Can you tie them in a bow? Can you throw them over your shoulder Like a continental soldier? Do your ears hang low.

Dum, dum, da, da, Da-dum, dum, da, da, Da-dum, dum, da, da, da, dum. First time through: pat both knees twice, then right hand to left shoulder twice; pat knees twice, then left hand to right shoulder twice. Second time through: pat both knees once, then right hand to left shoulder once; pat knees once, then left hand to right shoulder once; pat knees, then cross arms, uncross arms and then snap fingers. Third time through: left hand on right elbow, flutter right hand; right hand on left elbow, flutter left hand. Fourth time through: brush hands, then right hand on left elbow; left hand on right elbow. Fifth time through: cross arms, lean alternately forward and back.

GOIN' ON A LION HUNT

Do your ears stand high? Do they reach up to the sky? Do they droop when ththey're wet? Do they stiffen when they dry? Can you semaphore your neighbor. With a minimum of labor? Do your ears hang high?

[Audience echoes each line and sets up clap/lapslapping rhythm.] Goin' on a lion hunt. Goin to catch a big one. I'm not afraid. Look, what's up ahead? Mud! Can't go over it. Can't go under it. Can't go around it. Gotta go through it. [Make sloshing sounds and move hands as if slogging.]

Do your ears hang wide? Do they flap from side to side? Do they wave in the breeze, From the slightest little sneeze? With a feeling of elevation? Do your ears hang wide?

Sticks. Tree. Gate. River. Cave. quickly to

Do your ears fall off, When you give a great big cough? Do they lie there on the ground, Or bounce up at every sound? Can you stick them in your pocket, Just like Davy Crocket? Do your ears fall off?

America’ Pride, America’s Future

DUM, DUM, DA, DA Dum, dum, da, da, Da-dum, dum, da, da, Da-dum, dum, da, da, da, dum, da-dum, dum, dum

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[Snap fingers.] [Make gestures climbing up and down.] [Make gate-opening gestures.] [Make swimming gestures.] [Go in it and find lion. Reverse all motions get home.]

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

FAST FOOD

SILLY SONGS

Tune: A Ram Sam Sam

A Pizza Hut, a Pizza Hut Kentucky Fried Chicken and a Pizza Hut A Pizza Hut, a Pizza Hut Kentucky Fried Chicken and a Pizza Hut McDonald, McDonalds Kentucky Fried Chicken and a Pizza Hut

IT AINT GONNA RAIN NO MORE Chorus It aint gonna rain no more no more, It aint gonna rain no more. How in the heck can I wash my neck, If it aint gonna rain nor more.

A Burger King, a Burger King Long John Silvers and a Burger King A Burger King, a Burger King Long John Silvers and a Burger King Red Lobster, Red Lobster Long John Silvers and a Burger King

A man laid down by the sewer, And by the sewer he died. And at the coroner's inquest, They called it sewerside. Oh.. Chorus Frog sitting on a lilly pad, Lookin up in the sky, Lilly pad broke and the frog fell in, Got water in his eye. Oh.. Chorus

Dairy Queen A Dairy Queen Chuckey Cheese and a Dairy Queen Dairy Queen A Dairy Queen Chuckey Cheese and a Dairy Queen Roy Rogers Roy Rogers Chuckey Cheese and a Dairy Queen Actions Pizza Hut - Make shape of a hut in the air Kentucky Fried- Flap elbows up and down in the manner of a demented chicken McDonalds - Put hands on top of head and bring out and down to produce the "Golden Arches" Burger King - Put hands on head with fingers up to make a crown Long John Silver - mimic sword play Red Lobster - hold up arms and bring fingers down on thumbs like lobster claws snapping Dairy Queen - mimic milking a cow Chuckey Cheese - mimic throwing up a pizza Roy Rogers - mimic riding a horse

ELEPHANTS

(Tune: Edelweiss)

Peanut sitting on the railroad track, Little heart a flutter. Along came the 9:01 Toot toot, peanut butter. Oh.. Chorus GHOST CHICKENS (Tune: Ghost Riders in the Sky) A chicken farmer went to work one dark and dreary day. He rested by the hen house as he went along his way. When all at once a rotten egg just hit him in the eye. It was the sight he dreaded.....ghost chickens in the sky.

Chorus Bok, bok, bok, bok. Bok, bok, bok, bok. Ghost chickens in the sky. The farmer had raised chickens since he was 24. Working for the Colonel for thirty years or more. Killing all those chickens and sending them to fry. Now they want their just revenge....ghost chickens in the sky.

Elephants, elephants, Every morning their sneezes Thar she blows, out their nose Gobs of slime in the breezes.

Chorus

Pachyderm trunk full of greenish gunk, Swinging as it pleases. Elephants, elephants, Put an end to your sneezes.

Their feet were orange and shiny, their eyes were burning red. They had no meat or feathers, these chickens all were dead. They picked the farmer up, they killed him with the claw. They cooked him Extra Crispy, and served him with cole slaw.

Chorus. Ghost chickens in the sky.

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THE ANTS GO MARCHING

ALL GOD'S CRITTERS

The ants go marching one by one, Hoo-rah, hoo-rah, The ants go marching one by one, Hoo-rah, hoo-rah, The ants go marching one by one, The little one stops to suck his thumb, And they all go marching Down into the ground to get out of the rain. Boom, boom, boom, boom, boom, boom, boom.

Chorus: All God's critters got a place in the choir, Some sing low and some sing higher, Some sing out loud on the telephone wire, And some just clap their hands, or paws, or anything they got now.

Verses: …2 by 2…..The little one stops to tie his shoe. …3 by 3…..The little one stops to climb a tree. …4 by 4…..The little one stops to open a door. …5 by 5..…The little one stops to do a jive. …6 by 6…..The little one stops to pick up sticks. …7 by 7…..The little one stops to look at heaven. …8 by 8… The little on stops to open a gate. …9 by 9…..The little one stops to pick up a dime. ….10 by 10….The little one stops to say "this is the end" or the little on stops to start again.

BILLBOARDS (Tune: Superfragilisticespyalladocious) As I was walking down the street one dark and gloomy day, I came upon a billboard and much to my dismay, The sign was torn and tattered from the storm the night before, The wind and rain had done it's work and this it what I saw: "Smoke Coca-Cola Cigarettes -- chew Wrigley's Spearmint beer -Kennel Ration Dog Food keeps your wife's complexion clear; Simonize your baby with a Hershey's candy bar -And Texaco's the beauty cream that's used by all the stars!" "So take your next vacation in a brand new Fridgidaire -Learn to play piano in your winter underwear -Doctors say that babies should smoke until they are three, And people over 65 should bathe in Lipton Tea!" (slowly) ....in flow-thru tea bags.

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by Bill Staines

Listen to the bass, it's the one on the bottom, Where the bullfrog croaks and hippopotamus Moans and groans with a big to-do, The old cow just goes "moo." Chorus The dogs and the cats, they take up the middle, The honey bee hums and crickets fiddle, The donkey brays and pony neighs, And the old coyote howls. Chorus Listen to the top where the little birds sing, On the melody where the high notes ring, The hoot owl hollers over everything, And the jay bird disagrees. Singing in the night time, singing in the day, The little duck quacks and is on his way. The possum ain't got much to say, And the porcupine talks to himself. It's a simple song of living sung everywhere, By the ox and fox and grizzly bear, The grumpy alligator and the hawk above, The sly raccoon and the morning dove.

I DON”T CARE IF I GO CRAZY I don't care if I go crazy, One, two, three, four, five, six, switch. Crazy go I if care don't I, Six, five, four, three, two, one, switch. (Start with right elbow in left hand, switch to left elbow in right hand. Sing song, repeatedly going faster)

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

ALOUETTESKY (Alouette) Alouettesky, gentille alouettesky Alouettesky, je te plumerai, HEY! Solo: Gentille plumerai la tetsky All: Gentille plumerai la tetsky Solo: Et la tetsky All: Et la tetsky Solo: Alouettesky All: Alouettesky All: Oh, alouettesky, gentille alouettesky, Alouettesky, je te plumerai, HEY! Continue with: les yeuzauitch la nezakoff la boucheka les knees-a-knock-a-nitch

THE QUARTERMASTER’S STORE There were rats, rats. As big as pussy cats In the store, in the store There were rats, rats. As big as pussy cats In the quartermaster’s store. Chorus My eyes are dim I cannot see, I have not brought my specs with me. I have - not brought - my specs - with me. Other verses: There was rice, rice. Covered all in lie There were snakes, snakes. As big as garden rakes There was cheese, cheese. So moldy you would sneeze There was gravy, gravy. Enough to sink the Navy There were beans, beans. As big as submarines There was bread, bread. Eat that and you’d be dead

WADDELEY-ACHEE Waddeley achee, waddeley achee, Doodley doo, doodley doo. Simplest thing, there isn’t much to it All you gotta do is doodley do it Doodley doo, doodley doo. I like the rest, but the part I like best is Doodley doo, doodley doo.

KNOCK! KNOCK! Chorus (sing between each knock, knock joke}

Actions Slap knees twice, clap hands twice. Pass the right hand over the left hand twice. Pass the left hand over the right hand twice. Touch the nose with the right hand; then, touch the left shoulder and leave the hand there. Touch the nose with the left hand; then, touch the right shoulder and leave the hand there. Put both hands up in the air, and pinch the fingers together three times.

CHICKEN LIPS AND LIZARD HIPS Tune: Supercalifragilistic Oh, when I was a little kid I never liked to eat, Mama's put things on my plate, I'd dump them on her feet, But then one day she made this soup, I ate it all in bed, I asked her what she put in it, and this is what she said:

Chorus: Oh, Chicken Lips and Lizard hips and alligator eyes, Monkey legs and Buzzard eggs and salamander thighs, Rabbit ears and camel rears and tasty toenail pies, Stir it all together it's mama's soup surprise. I went into the bathroom and stood beside the sink, I said I'm feeling slightly ill, I think I'd like a drink, Mama, said "I've got just the thing, I'll get it in a wink, it's full of lots of protein and vitamins, I think."

(Chorus)

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Stay on the sunny side, Always on the sunny side, Stay on the sunny side of life. You'll feel no pain as we drive you insane If you'll stay on the sunny side of life. Knock! Knock! Who's there? Dwain. Dwain who ? Dwain the bathtub I'm dwowning. Begin each verse with “Knock! Knock! Who's there?” Tick Tick who? Tick 'em up! I'm a tongue-tied wobber. Knock! Knock! Who's there? Little old lady. Little old lady who? I didn't know you could yodel! Knock! Knock! Who's there? Gladys. Gladys who? Gladys Friday. Knock! Knock! Who's there? Orange. Orange who? Orange you glad it's almost over? Knock! Knock! Who's there? Dishes. Dishes who? Dishes the end.

Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

JUST FOR FUN WE ARE HERE BECAUSE WE’RE HERE (Tune: Auld Lang Syne) We’re here because, we’re here because, We’re here because, we’re here. We’re here because, we’re here because, We’re here because, we’re here. Yes, we’re here because, we’re here because, We’re here because we’re here. We’re here because, we’re here because, We’re here because, we’re here. (Repeat) MY FAVORITE CUB THINGS (Tune: My Favorite Things) Hiking in summer and snowballs in winter. Working with wood till my hand's full of splinters. Sitting 'round campfires when everyone sings, These are a few of my favorite things. Planning den meetings and going to training. Keeping my cool with the Cubs when it’s raining. Leading the Bears and the Wolfs can be fun, Especially when one of the Cubs is my son. Camping at Cub World and Blue and Gold Banquet. Webelos Woods in the rain got us all wet. And here at Pow Wow our knowledge will grow. The staff’s worked all year to put on quite a show. When the frogs croak, When the birds sing, When I'm camping out. I simply remember my favorite things Are why I am in Cub Scouts.

WE’RE GLAD TO SEE YOU HERE (Tune: Farmer in the Dell)

We're glad to see you here, It gives us joy and cheer. Sure, it's true, we say to you, We're glad to see you here.

YOU OUGHT TO BE A CUB (Tune: You Ought to Be a Star) Would you like to hike in a park? Sit at campfires till way after dark? Name a tree by the feel of it's bark? Well then you ought to be a Cub. A Cub is a boy who wants to learn all he can, To learn about himself, about his land. He's got curiosity, he likes to have fun, He feels good when he gets to help someone. He does his best, and he's always climbing up. You know you ought to be a Cub. And do you like to swing through the air? On a rope that you tied with great care? Be a Wolf, and then maybe a Bear? Well then you ought to be a Cub. CRAZY WEATHER (Tune: Stormy Weather) Don't know why there's pigs falling from the sky, Crazy weather. I didn't know pigs had feathers, I didn't know they could fly. Don't know why the cyclone blew through the pig sty, Farming weather. Since those darn pigs flew together, They're landing left and right. Don't know why I've got pig snot in my eye, Slimy weather. Sure hope the forecast gets better, Got pork up to my eyes. Farmer Brown, heard he's headed for the town, Well he'd better, pick up the pigs that are splattered All over my front lawn.

HANG YOUR HEAD OVER (Tune: Down in the Valley)

Down in the valley, the valley so low, Hang your head over, and suck your big toe. Suck your big toe, dear, suck your big toe, Hang your head over, and suck your big toe. Up on the mountain, the mountain so high, Hang your head over, and drool on your tie. Drool on your tie, dear, drool on your tie, Hang your head over, and drool on your tie. Out on the prairie, the goldenrod grows, Hang your head over, blow snot out your nose. Blow snot out your nose, dear, snot out your nose, Hang your head over, blow snot out your nose. Out in the meadow, the grass filled with dew, Hang your head over, and barf in your shoe. Barf in your shoe, dear, barf in your shoe, Hang your head over, and barf in your shoe.

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NATURE

EVERYONE CAN GROW SUNFLOWERS! Sunflowers are easy, and inexpensive to grow, and yes, everyone can do it! The days of sunflowers being contained to the vegetable garden are over. There are now varieties that can be grown in large pots and containers, as well as corners of your yard or garden. Children of all ages love sunflowers and can participate in choosing the variety, planting and harvesting.

THE BASICS These are the basic technical tips you need to know about Sunflowers, or Helianthus Annus (their official name). *Plant in full sun, where they will not shade other plants. *Be sure to plant after the last frost in your area. *The seeds should be 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart when planted. *When the seedlings pop up, thin them to 1 1/2 foot apart or one foot for the dwarf varieties. (In containers you can squeeze them closer) *Water well after planting.

CHOOSING YOUR SUNFLOWERS Children can be involved in every aspect of your sunflower garden. You can guide them in choosing the seeds. These are just a few of the options you will have. *Teddy Bear: This variety has a full, almost "fuzzy" look and grows only 18 inches tall. You can plant this type in patio boxes or large pots. If you are in an apartment or limited on space this is perfect! *Music Box: This is also considered a dwarf variety at 28 inches. You can buy a mix of this, so you end up with yellows and creams. This is also a wonderful container sunflower. *Autumn Mix: The colors are yellow and rust; they grow tall, usually over 6 foot. We grew them in a very small corner off our porch and were able to use twine and tie them for support. The gold finches loved this variety. The flower heads are about 5 or 6 inches wide. *Italian White: These cream colored sunflowers are small, but cheerful. They grow up to 4 foot tall, but stake easily. The gold finches also loved this variety. These too are great for a small corner of your yard or garden. *Large Varieties: You will have many large varieties to choose from. Russian Giants grow 20 inch seed heads and the Kong Sunflower grows 10-15 foot tall. You will need more space for these, but they are worth it!

PLANTING YOUR SEEDS Using the tips above, plant your seeds after the last frost. The children can easily do this with a ruler, and a gardening spade or large spoon. Any soil will work, but a well-drained soil with peat added is a better choice. Have the kids dig a bag of peat (very inexpensive) into the area you will be planting in. For the giant sunflowers, a strip of soil, about 1 1/2 to 2 foot wide or wider is great, especially against a fence where they can be tied to protect against the wind. Don't be afraid to experiment! If you have a spot that needs something cheerful, then use it! Another project for the kids, with your help, is drawing out the area you will planting in and laying out the steps involved. This can be done ahead of time to get them excited. Remember that you don't have to plant the entire packet of seeds, or limit yourself to one large area. Using several small corners or strips of soil works well.

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GROWING AND HARVESTING Sunflowers will pop out of the ground in a week to two weeks, and will start out slowly. If you notice birds or other animals bothering the little seedlings you can tent a piece of chicken wire, a milk jug with the top and bottom cut off or something similar to protect them. They will pick up speed in their growing process, and the children can be responsible for watching them, watering them, and placing cut up leaves or another type of mulch carefully around the bottoms of each plant. Many people harvest all of the sunflowers and don't allow the birds to feed. I think for children, a nice alternative is to cover some of the heads with cheesecloth, mesh bags or old pantyhose, so you can roast the seeds later, but leave the other flowers for the birds. The children can record which birds come to the plants and how many, as an extra project. When the seed heads start to turn brown, they can be cut with 2 inches of the stem and hung to dry in a ventilated place such as a garage or attic. When they are dry, simply rub them together to loosen, soak over night in salted water and then drain. Spread them on baking sheets and roast for three hours at 200 degrees until dry. These can be stored in a container for eating. Be sure to save some seeds out before this process, place in envelopes and label for planting next year. Store them in a dry cool place until spring. Growing sunflowers can be a unique, family project. So much can be learned about nature and the growing process, as well as teaching children patience. The end result will be something they will always remember and treasure.

GROW YOUR OWN BACKYARD ZOO "Every child needs a garden and a small animal to tend" -- George Washington Carver Well, how about a small animal garden? Grow lions, tigers, and kangaroos in a backyard zoo! How? Turn your garden into a zoo of plants with animal names. Some are enormous, some are tiny. Some are a little wild, some are rather gentle. Often, plants are named after an animal because some part of the plant reminds us of that animal. For example, it might be something about the color, such as tiger lily's tiger like colors. Some plants are named after animals because of their shape (snail vine) or the way they "behave" (piggy back plant). As zookeeper, children can be in charge of caring for their plant animals. They will need to water them, and feed them with a little organic fertilizer once in a while. When you visit a real zoo you'll notice that special habitats have been created for each animal. These habitats try to imitate the animal's natural environment by providing cool air and water for animals that live near the north pole, or warm sandy places for animals that live in deserts. Just like animals, plants need habitats that meet their needs. Kids will need to find out whether a plant likes sun or shade, damp soil or dry soil, and so on.

CREATE YOUR ZOO Create an outdoor zoo and invite friends over to see your collection. Here are some suggestions for a zoo garden: Give Your child the tactile experience of a soft, woolly lamb's ear. Lamb's ears (Stachys byzantina) feels just like the real thing, with ear shaped leaves. The soft silver-white leaves of Lamb's ears spread out 2 or 3 feet to form a ground cover that will grow in any climate zone, and in sun or light shade. It needs little water but is not quite drought tolerant. Dogwood (Cornus sp.) Some varieties of this small tree or shrub are best loved for their wonderful 'bark'. It's not the sound of the bark, but rather the color of the bark that attracts attention! Some dogwoods have spectacular red branches that stand out in winter, especially against snow. Dogwoods are deciduous shrubs or small trees that grow best under the shade of taller trees. Dogwoods need little water once they are established and since there are many varieties of them, there is bound to be one that grows well in your area.

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Your zoo might include Foxglove. Have you ever seen a fox wearing gloves? It has been said that fairies would give these flowers to foxes to wear so that they could quietly sneak into the chicken coop. Pick five foxglove flowers (Digitalis purpurea) and slip them onto the ends of your fingers. It feels a little like wearing the soft fingertips of a glove. The flowers grow in a bunch along a stalk. They bloom all summer long and will grow in sun or part shade anywhere. They don't need too much water, and often will reseed themselves and grow without any assistance at all. Foxglove is a plant that can sometimes help people and sometimes hurt people. Foxglove contains a chemical that can help people with heart troubles, but foxglove is also poisonous and no part of the plant should ever be eaten. (Note: A child should always be taught to ask an adult before tasting any plants) Bunny ears These bunnies (Opuntia microdasys) grow in warm winter climates only. They are cactus plants with 6 inch pads that are velvety soft green with neatly spaced bristles. Small round new pads on top of larger old pads gives the plant a silhouette of a rabbit's head. You don't have to hatch eggs to get Hens and Chicks in your zoo garden. Echeveria imbricata is a succulent plant that grows in the shape of a large rose flower called rosettes. Baby plants spring up freely in clusters near the mother plant, hence the mother hen with her baby chicks all around. Bell shaped little orange flowers form on slender stems. Plants are very drought tolerant. Horsetail Most of these 'horses' run wild in meadows, marshes and along roadsides. Some may even come into your garden as weeds. The bushy whorls of slender stems that radiate out from a main stem look like a horse's tail. Millions of years ago horsetails (Equisetum hyemale) grew sixty feet tall, like trees. Horsetails today don't usually grow taller than four feet. Say hello to the kangaroo and shake his paw. The flowers of Kangaroo paw (Anigozanthos flavidus) are tubular and curved at the tip, like a paw. What's more, the flowers feel like suede leather or like an animal's hide. Kangaroo paw is native to Australia. Being of Australian origin this plant will not survive winters colder than 20°, but they like the sun and are drought tolerant once established. Lion's tail (Leonotis leonurus) has tubular, 2 inch long deep orange flowers which are covered with fine fur like hairs. Flowers are assembled on dense whorls and look like a lion's tail. Blooms summer to fall in full sun. Lion's tail is drought tolerant and hardy to 13°. In the early spring, when snow is still on the ground, hundreds of pussy cats come out to play in the willow trees. The 'pussies' are really flower buds called catkins on the Pussy willow tree(Salix discolor). Touch one. It feels just like the soft fur of a real kitten. Soon the catkins will open and you will see tiny yellow flowers emerge. If you want to keep the pussies all year, cut some branches in spring before the catkins open. The buds will stay on the cut branches as soft pussies and never open up. Tiger lilies (Lilium tigrinum) were once kept in gardens, just as tigers are kept in zoos, but some of them escaped and grow wild now along streams, fields, and roadsides. Tiger lilies are orange, like tigers, but instead of stripes they have black spots. They will grow in any part of the country. If you want to grow tiger lilies in your garden, plant the bulbs in fall and your beastly plants will bloom the following spring. Every zoo garden needs a Leopard's bane (Doronicum). Here's a perennial that blooms in the shade. It grows happiest under the dappled shade of deciduous trees. Flowers are showy and yellow on long stems. Leaves are dark green and heart shaped. Give it good soil and average water. Snail Vine (Vigna caracalla) This perennial vine looks like a pole bean until you see the flowers. The twisted flowers petals are coiled like a snail shell. Dozens of snail flowers cling to the vine. Not only are they are beautiful, they won't chew the leaves! Keep these snails in full sun and give them ample water. Your zoo garden will probably need some garden markers to help identify the plants. Make garden markers by cutting out pictures from old Ranger Rick or National Geographic magazines. Glue the picture to a square of poster board and write the name of the plant on it. Cover the sign with a laminating sheet to protect it from the rain, and attach the sign to a wooden stake or popsickle stick with a staple gun.

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CHEAP, FUN IDEAS When the kids get home from school, make some of these fun and inexpensive crafts! Not ready to spend a fortune on supplies? We've come up with some fun projects you can make with recycled materials from around the house. Here are some ideas to get you started! MILK JUG BIRD FEEDERS Rinse out an empty plastic gallon milk jug with lid. Cut a window in the front of the jug, and make two small poke holes for the perches. Insert pencils for perches and fill the bottom of the jug with bird seed. Juice Carton Crayon Box Wash and dry an empty cardboard juice carton and cut off the top. Using bits and pieces of masking tape, have the children tape up the entire carton, covering all sides, the more tape the better. Use crayons to color the masking tape box. The tape makes the box sturdier and will make a great crayon holder for their desk or dresser. ALUMINUM CAN CRAFTS Paint an empty and rinsed out tuna can with spray or acrylic paint. Decorate with glitter and glue, pompoms, buttons, lace, or stickers. These make cute holders for barrettes, pony tail holders, paper clips, rubber bands, keys, jewelry, or other small items. Using the same ideas, paint a soup or vegetable can to make a pen or pencil holder. COFFEE CAN WISH BANK Have the kids cut pictures from old magazines or draw pictures of something they want. Decorate the cans with glitter, the pictures, stickers or anything else you have around. Cut a hole in the plastic top of the can for the kids to deposit money. Each time they add money to the can, they are contributing a little bit more to the "wish" item. A great way to teach kids to save money! COFFEE CAN STILTS Using two 1-pound coffee cans, turn each can upside down so that the plastic lid is on the bottom. Using a screwdriver, poke two holes, one on each side of the can. Using several strands of yarn braided or twisted together, or some rope, thread through holes in cans. Tie off inside the can. Cans can be decorated if you like. JAR CANDLES Save the stubs of candles. When you have several saved, melt them together in a double boiler. Color the wax by adding bits of crayon to the mixture. Pour the wax into glass jelly or mason jars or metal cans. Use cotton yarn for wicks, or you can purchase a roll of wick at a craft store. Decorate the outside of the candle holder with acrylic paints. MAGAZINE HOUSE Using an old catalog or magazine, cut out pictures of chairs, tables, curtains, bathroom fixtures and other furnishings. Spread out a newspaper or large sheet of drawing paper. Sketch an "open sided" house. Have children place the pictures of the furnishings in the rooms of their choice. They can cut out more pictures to redecorate their house, cut out pictures of people, toys, pets, anything they like!

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ALPHABET CATALOG COLLAGE Using old toy, clothing, and plant catalogs, have the kids cut out colorful pictures that begin with a specific letter of the alphabet. Assign different letters to each child. Have them glue the pictures onto a piece of construction paper. Discuss the pictures afterward. PAPER TOWEL RAIN MAKERS Young kids love noise makers. Color, paint, and decorate paper towel rolls. Cover one end of a paper towel roll with waxed paper and close it off with a rubber band. Pour a handful or two of dried beans (split peas work well) in the open end, close open end the same as the other. Poke toothpicks through the rolls at different intervals to add a "rain shaker" sound. PAPER TOWEL TUBE HOLDERS Decorate a paper towel tube with paint, markers, glitter, stickers, construction paper and crayons. This becomes a colorful carrying tube. Roll their pictures up and put inside to take to their teacher, grandparents, friends, or relatives. Some special pictures could be for their Grandparents, a special aunt or uncle, or even for a brother or sister. PAPER PLATE HOLDERS Using two paper plates, cut one plate in half and place on top of the other plate (turn the half plate to form a pocket over the whole plate). Use a paper punch to make holes going around the outside of the plate. Use scraps of yarn and "sew" through the holes of the plate. Start and end at the top of the plate so that it can be extended about six inches and tied. Have your children color, paint or decorate their plates. Now they have their very own place to put prized possessions, notes from Mom and dad, special pictures and more. PAPER PLATE AQUARIUM Color an underwater scene on the "eating" side of a paper plate. Glue goldfish crackers to the scene, a couple pieces of plastic plant for seaweed, and using glue and a little sand or soft dirt, make the sea floor. Using a second paper plate, cut a circle in the middle. Cut a circle of blue plastic wrap 1 inch in diameter larger than your hole in the plate. On the "eating" side of this plate, glue the blue plastic wrap so that it covers and overlaps the hole on the plate. Glue or staple both plates together with "eating" side toward the inside. Punch a hole in the top and string a piece of yarn through the hole to hang your aquarium from the ceiling. TREASURE SHOE BOX Decorate an old shoe box and lid with construction paper, markers, paint, glue and glitter, crayons, googly eyes, stickers, lace, doilies, or whatever else you can find. Be sure to put the child's name inside the lid. This box make a great box for treasures found out in the yard, on the way home from school, or anywhere else your children "hunt". SHADOWBOXES Pain the inside of a shoebox with black or dark blue poster or acrylic paint. Alternatively, you can glue black construction paper inside the box. Using white crayons or stickers, make a night scene with stars and the moon on the black background. Get creative, use small plastic toys to create a scene inside your shadowbox, or make your own with construction paper and glue. Cut out small pictures from coloring books and color and adhere to your scene. Hang a spaceship or shooting star with a piece of string and glue.

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ANIMAL JUMBLE Using construction or white paper, ask each child to drawn a different body part of an animal, but to have their animal be a secret. For example, have one child draw the head, another draw the tail, another the legs and so on. let the children pick the animal they want to draw. When they are done have then put the animal together with tape or glue. Have fun coming up with a name for the animal (monk-dog-lion-potamus). PET ROCKS Find smooth, flat or round rocks. Be sure to clean off any dirt or sand and dry completely before starting. Paint with acrylic paints. Decorate faces by using google eyes, yarn for hair, markers, glitter, and any other tidbits you like.

FAMILY NATURE CRAFTS AND PROJECTS There are so many crafts we can make as a family to enjoy or to give away that simply use the items nature has provided us. Since we are all in different parts of the world, some of our yards are covered with snow and others are in the midst of summer. Whatever time of year it is for you there is always a nature craft to be completed! PRESSED LEAF BOOKMARKS Leaves are wonderful! Collect nice whole leaves and press them between two clean sheets of paper in a large book like a phone book or dictionary. After 2-4 weeks they will be dried and flat. Here are some things you can do with them: Buy white posterboard and cut several bookmark shape rectangles out with scissors. I usually cut them about 2 inches by 8 inches. You will need smaller leaves for this project. Ivy leaves work will or thin long tree leaves. Place the leaves on the bookmark with a touch of glue. Allow to dry for a few minutes. You may decorate with marker too, or simply write the person's name on the bookmark at the bottom or top, or inbetween the leaves. You can also use dried flowers for this. Cut a section of clear contact paper that is twice as big as your bookmark, plus some extra. So, mine would be about 5 inches by 17 inches. Lay your bookmark upside down very carefully on one edge of the contact paper so you can fold over the rest of it on the back of the bookmark. Carefully smooth down the contact paper so there are no bubbles then trim the contact paper to the edge of the bookmark. You then may put a hole in the top with a paper punch and tie a ribbon through the hole. This makes a wonderful gift for friends or teachers! FINGER PAINT PROJECTS Paint Recipe: 1/3 cup of cornstarch 3 tablespoons of sugar 2 cups of cold water food coloring Mix cornstarch, sugar and water in a 1 quart saucepan. Cook, and stir over medium heat about 5 minutes or until thickened; remove from heat. Divide into cups or containers. Tint each cup of mixture with a different food coloring. Stir several times until cool. Store in airtight container. ( The paint works best the same day it is made) Project Ideas: Look out your window and observe the colors you see. Tint your paint these colors and paint a picture of your own backyard! You can do this for each season, and keep the together to make a journal of your backyard throughout the year. You can also leave room on the paper for notes or poetry you may want to add.

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NATURE PROJECTS Here are some nature projects you can do at home in your own backyard, at a park or a nature center. Let us know if you have any questions or projects of your own. A Nature Notebook: Use an inexpensive small notebook, and decorate the cover with drawings, stickers or a collage. Magazines are good for make the collage. Pick a special time each week to sit in the backyard or front yard, or a park. Take the notebooks and pencils or crayons, with you. Look around and sketch what you see! A leaf can be traced. A flower or tree can be drawn, or a bird. Even the clouds swirling around in the sky are there for you to sketch. It doesn't matter how the drawings look. What matters is that you are learning to notice the things around you and sharing your thoughts with your family and friends. A Nature Collage: Ask an adult for magazines that you may cut up. Look through the magazines for pictures of flowers, trees, bugs, birds or wildlife that are similar to what is in your backyard. Cut them into nice shapes, then glue them onto cardboard or construction paper. Make the collage by overlapping the pictures a little bit until the entire page is filled. You can then glue on feathers, leaves, dried flowers or bits of moss where there are small open spaces. You can frame your collage too, or hang it as it is in your room. You will be bringing nature inside to enjoy! Queen Anne's Lace: This flower is really a pretty "weed" that grows in many places. It is round, white and frilly looking. You can cut it with a fairly long stem, about 6 to 10 inches from the flower. Fill a glass or vase with fresh water and add drops of food coloring. Put your flowers in the water, and after awhile the Queen Anne's Lace will turn color! Do you know why?

NATURE HIKES Animal Stories: The boys follow a map to meet up with different animals that are indigenous to the area. When they reach the location of a particular animal (preferably in its natural habitat) they spent some time listening to the animal's story and asking questions before moving on to the next animal. The 'animals' can be adult volunteers or older boys, dressed up in costumes. Each volunteer is given information on their particular animal to relate to the boys. Back to Back: Gather items found on the ground near the campsite, such as rocks, sticks, or leaves. Pair the boys up and have them stand back to back. Give one boy an item and have them describe it to their partner. The partner guesses what the item is. Catch a Raindrop: As you hike along in the rain, catch a "drop" of rain water in your hands and taste it. Walk along with your tongue stuck out to get a taste of rain water. Drippy Walk: Take a walk during a rain and explore different smells, colors, and tastes. Look for animals that like the rain and places where soil is eroding. Discuss with the boys ideas on how to prevent soil from eroding. Images: You will need leaves, rocks, etc. In a circle, pass around an object. As each boy sees it, she says something different than anyone has said about the object. When object has been seen by all, it is returned to its natural world. Magnifying Hike: Give each boy a 3' piece of string and an inexpensive magnifying glass. Have boys put their string over an area. Tell them to pretend they are the size of ants. They must crawl on their bellies to view their own special area. Ask questions: What kind of wood are you traveling through? Who are your neighbors? What is the spider going to do? Eat you or take you for a ride? Ask any fun, thought provoking questions boys can enjoy.

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One Hundred Inch Walk: Assign each group of two or three boys a plot of land about 100 inches square (10" x 10"). Have them spend at least 10 minutes doing an intensive exploration and writing down what they found in their 100" area. Try to pick an area that will have a variety of conditions (ant hill, plant variety, a tree, etc.) Penny Hike: Give each boy a penny. Have them go on a hike and find items that will fit on a penny. Remind them not pick anything that is alive. Sharing Walk: You will need a number of blindfolds. Divide boys into pairs. One person will wear the blindfold, the other will be the guide. Discuss safety rules. In silence, the guides take their partner on a local hike, hearing, smelling, feeling nature. After 5 minutes, switch. Have boys share after all have had a turn. Treasure Hunt: You will need paper and pencils. Make a list of things to see. Send two patrols off in opposite directions to see which can find them all first. Walking in the Woods Game: Teach the boys how to walk quietly in the woods by taking steps going from the outside of the foot to the inside, slowly. Have them practice while they are on the hike. When you reach an area that has a lot of forest floor litter (twigs and old leaves are great), but is open enough to move around in, you can play a game using the technique to move quietly. One person is chosen to be a sleeping animal, and one person is a referee. Everyone else spreads out in a circle then tries to sneak up on the animal. As the animal hears a noise she can point towards it (without opening her eyes) and the referee determines whether the animal has heard someone sneaking up on them. The caught 'sneaker' sits down in place and is out of the game. The game continues until either the animal has caught all its predators or until a predator has caught the animal by getting close enough to tag it. At first the boys will give themselves away by either moving noisily or giggling. But as you repeat it, they will improve and the animal will get caught. It leaves a great impression on the boys and future hikes will provide more nature experiences as the boys learn the importance of hiking quietly.

MORE NATURE ACTIVITIES Egg Carton Walk: Give each boy an egg carton to carry during the walk. In the bottom of each egg cup, have a description (i.e. hard, smooth, rough, etc.). The boys collect items along the way, then compare at the end. They can take their souvenirs home as a reminder of their outdoor experiences. Un-Nature Walk: Plant 15-20 man-made items along the trail (they could all be items relating to a theme). Have the boys work in pairs, leaving a few minutes between groups. The boys are not to disturb the items, just write down what they see. Unusual Object Walk: Give each boy a bag to place an unusual object in during the walk. At the end, compare objects - anything that is the same as what someone else has is disqualified. The most unusual objects win! Big Foot: You will need some paper towels. Find a big mud hole where everyone can leave their footprints. Have each boy make their footprints in the mud, then come back in a couple days to see them or take a plaster cast of them.

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Cloud Pictures: Have the boys lie quietly on their backs and watch the clouds go by. See what the boys see in the clouds. Look at the rain clouds. How do they look? What color are they? How does the sky make you feel on a rainy day? Describe what you SEE in the clouds. What do they look like? Find pictures in the clouds to show each other. Get Nosey: Take a sniff of any wet surface around: rocks, leaves, bark, pine needles, dirt, etc. How does something wet smell different? Share a smell that you like with a friend. Then come back together and tell about the rain smells. Habitat Survey: To find out whether insects can live in different places, you can do a habitat survey. A habitat is the natural home of a plant or animal. Take a notebook and pencil and write down the a different places you can look in. Start with these; in the area, in long grass, in short grass, in trees or bushes, under rocks, in water, on plants, in dead leaves, in soil, in dead wood. Leaf Litter: When dead leaves collect under a tree, they form what is known as leaf litter. Find out what lives in the leaf litter or soil beneath your tree. Here are some creatures you might find: Millipedes, spiders, wood lice, daddy-longlegs, springtails. They help to decompose the leaves and twigs that fall off your tree. Leaf Slides: You will need some heavy paper, scissors, and tape. Gather leaves large enough to fill a 1" square. Cut heavy paper into pieces 6"x 9", fold in half, cut a 1" square in the center of both layers, number the slide in corner. Insert leaf in slide, tape open ends. Share slides with group. Pond Viewers 1. Take a plastic milk jug and cut off the bottom and top (leaving the handle and the sides of the jug). 2. Take a piece of plastic wrap and duct tape and tape the plastic wrap to the bottom of the jug. Seal the plastic all around the milk jug with duct tape. To use the pond viewer, you hold the bottom of the viewer just under the water. The viewer will cut the glare so that you can see the bottom of the pond and the plastic will slightly magnify. Seed Germination You will need some beans, a clear plastic cup or a small jar, sheets of blotting paper or paper towels. 1. Line the jar or plastic cups with blotting paper or paper towels. 2. Push 1 or 2 beans down between the paper and the glass. Position each bean about 1 inch from the bottom. 3. Wet the paper so that it is thoroughly moistened (but do not over-water) and leave a pool in the bottom of the jar. 4. Place a jar in a warm room with plenty of light. Keep an eye on the paper to ensure that it does not dry out. 5. As the seeds absorb water, they will swell up. After a day or two, the outer coat of the seed will split as the small root appears. The root will gradually grow downward. 6. After another day or two, a fluffy mass appears at the base of the root. These fine strands are the thousands of root tip hairs that help the root absorb moisture. 7. Eventually a shoot with small leaves will grow upward. The leaves will be creamy yellow until they have been exposed to the light for a while, then they will turn green. 8. Make two cups and beans. Have some grow in light and one germinate in the dark and one in the light. Compare the different rates of growth and color. Squish It: While on the ground, feel clumps of grass, get a hunk of mud, roll it into a ball, feel it and squish it, make a snake or some other friend out of the ball of mud. Save it to take back to camp, put it in the sun to bake.

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LEAF SKELETONS MATERIALS leaves that are in good condition, the larger the variety, the better boiling water brush of some sort bleach if you want them white or paint if you wish to colour them colored construction paper 1.

Heat a saucepan of water and when it is close to boiling, add the leaves.

2.

Simmer the leaves until the leafy part starts to come away from the veins of the leaves (approximately an hour).

3.

Carefully remove the leaves from the water and lay them flat to cool.

4.

Using the brush, gently brush away the leafy parts from the veins of the leaves.

5.

Place the leaf skeletons into water with approximately one teaspoon of bleach. Let sit for an hour. Once you remove them, rinse them gently under cold water. Place on coloured construction paper to view.

6.

If you are planning on painting the leaf skeletons, do not bleach them, instead paint them

SQUISHY MOO 1.

Take a balloon, any shape will do.

2.

Fill the balloon with flour. The best way we found was to fill a plastic squeezy sauce bottle with flour and squeeze the flour in. Alternatively use a funnel and a fine skewer and poke the flour in.

3.

Tie the balloon off in a knot and put ribbon around it in a bow.

4. Using a felt tip draw on a mouth nose etc and glue on eyes. You can also tie the ribbon in the middle of the balloon and decorate bottom half with drawn on buttons etc. FLAME-PROOF PAPER Have you ever needed to boil some water but didn't have anything to boil it in (camping, perhaps)? Well, surprise! You can boil water in a paper cup. It has to be an unwaxed paper cup, however, not Styrofoam®. Fill the cup with water and put it over a flame such as a candle. (Needless to say, this should be done carefully and only under adult supervision.) It is best, if possible, to use some kind of stand to hold the cup rather than holding it by hand. Do not do this over a gas stove under any circumstance. The water will heat up and eventually boil. How long it takes depends on the size of the up and how full it is. While the bottom of the cup may blacken a bit, it should not burn. But just to be safe, do this outside. Why doesn't the paper burn? Paper has a fairly low ignition point and typically will burn easily. In this situation, however, the thin paper quickly transmits the heat to the water, which conducts it away from the paper. Thus the water heats, but the paper doesn't reach its ignition temperature. Do not use a heat source greater than a candle flame, as the heat may not have time to conduct through the paper into the water before the paper burns.

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THE OUTDOOR PROGRAM "Outing" is an important part of the word "Scouting". One of the purposes of Cub Scouting is "to prepare them to become Boy Scouts". Cub Scout leaders have an exciting opportunity to help prepare Cub Scouts for the outdoor activities they will enjoy later as Boy Scouts. Adventuresome outdoor programs are encouraged for Cub Scouts. These include den field trips, picnics, outings, day camping, and backyard camping. Because Cub Scouting is home-centered, family camping is also emphasized. Webelos Scouts are encouraged to go on overnight experiences and to conduct occasional joint outdoor activities with a Boy Scout troop. Cub Scout day camps are conducted by nearly all Scouting councils, and many also provide resident camping experiences for Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts. Cub Scouts are introduced to the outdoors through den and pack activities and Wolf and Bear requirements. They learn proper methods and safety procedures for hikes, cookouts, and conservation projects. They enjoy backyard camping and family camping. Webelos Scouts take the second step in the outdoor adventure by participating with a parent in overnight campouts. They develop some basic camping and outdoor skills that help prepare them for the troop experience. Each step in the outdoor program is a foundation for the next higher step. A boy's outdoor experience in Cub Scout determines to a large degree how much he enjoys his later experience in the troop. It is out challenge as Cub Scout leaders to set the stage in the proper way. Natural Resources: The outdoor program uses the resources of the natural surroundings to make a significant contribution to the growth of a boy. Good Health: Outdoor program activities contribute to good mental and physical health through supervised activities, sufficient rest, good food, and wholesome companionship. Spiritual Growth: It aids in the spiritual growth of a boy by helping him recognize and appreciate the handiwork of God in nature. Social Development: It contributes to social development of the boys by providing real-life experiences where Webelos learn to deal with situations that require living with other people. Self Reliance: It helps boys develop self-reliance and resourcefulness. Citizenship Training: The outdoor program provides an experience in citizenship training through opportunities for democratic participation in outdoor games and other activities.

THE OUTDOOR CODE As an American, I will do my best to -BE CLEAN IN MY OUTDOOR MANNERS. I will treat the outdoors as a heritage. I will try to improve it for myself and others. I will keep my trash and garbage out of Americas waters, fields, woods, and roadways. BE CAREFUL WITH FIRE. I will prevent wildfire. I will build my fire in a safe place and be sure it is out before I leave. BE CONSIDERATE IN THE OUTDOORS. I will treat public and private property with respect. I will remember that use of the outdoors is a right That I can lose by abuse. BE CONSERVATION MINDED. I will learn how to practice good conservation of soil, waters, forests, minerals, grasslands, wildlife, and energy. I will urge others to do the same.

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THE PACK IN SUMMER All too often the adult leaders of a pack decide to discontinue activities for the summer and resume in the fall. Sometimes they do it because they believe the boys don’t want Cub Scouting when school is out; sometimes because they just don’t want to go to the trouble of planning a summer program. Boys don’t have trouble thinking up things to do. . . the trouble always comes after they decide. The leader’s job is to give them many fine activities from which they may choose. This will keep them busier and happier during the summer. Our experience with boys indicates that they will be eager for Cub Scouting to continue throughout the summer, provided that it gives them more fun than they could have without it. Naturally, they are not going to be very enthusiastic about it if it merely interferes with their fun. The fact is summer is really the best time of the year for Cub Scouting, because nearly everything can be done outdoors. While a challenging program for summer requires effort on the part of all pack leaders, even greater effort is required when the pack closes down for summer and then has to be reorganized in September. Packs that close down in the summer often fail to get rolling at full steam until well in November. Dens fall apart, leaders resign, and the Cubmaster is left with a most discouraging prospect. So for these two reasons - the boys want Cub Scouting in summer and the pack tends to disintegrate during an inactive summer - it is important to schedule a full program of den and pack activities during June, July, and August. This does not mean highly organized meetings. In fact, the pack can remain active without regular weekly den meetings or a pack meeting on a certain night of the month. Instead, special events for both den and pack, scheduled sporadically, will keep the pack active and its spirit high during vacation months. Picnics, field days, trips, and similar events that are out of the ordinary make excellent summer activities. Cub Scout summertime activities should be under adult leadership and preferably on a family or parentand-son basis. This is the time of the year to let parents take over and give Den Leaders help in conducting outdoor activities. Cub Scouting should increase the opportunities for Cub Scouts and their parents to go on family picnics and outing.

NATIONAL PACK SUMMERTIME AWARD Cub Scouting is a year-round program.... September thru August. As such, it is the responsibility of every Scouting unit to ensure a quality Cub program, even during the summer. During the months of June, July, and August Cub Scouts and their families can participate in Scouting activities that are educational and fun! A full summer program keeps a pack healthy, parents interested, and Cub Scouts eager to register for another year. Participating in these summertime activities also gives the Cub Scout, his Den, and the Pack an opportunity to earn the National Summertime Pack Award, an important component of the Quality Unit Program. These pages describe this program in detail and explain ways to help you plan your Cubbing summer and qualify for the award. THE REQUIREMENTS All the pack has to do is plan and conduct a monthly pack activity for June, July, and August. The whole idea is to keep your pack together and doing things during the summer when boys have the most free time.

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THE RECOGNITIONS A pack committee member should keep the record of activities, participation of dens, and attendance of Cub Scouts. Submit the application to the local council service center as soon after your August activity as possible. An appropriate pack meeting ceremony should be planned for the presentation of the awards, which are: For the Pack - A full-color certificate suitable for framing and an attractive streamer for the pack flag. For the Dens of the award earning Pack - A den ribbon for each den that has 50 percent or more of its boys participating in each of the three activities. For the boys of the award earning Pack - A pin for each boy who takes part in all of the summer months' activities HOW TO PLAN • Print and use the planning chart as a place to record your proposed and completed pack's activities. •

Planning for summertime activities should be a part of the annual program planning conference. At that conference, leaders accept the challenge to earn the National Summertime Pack Award. The pack committee should make suggestions for activities. Check themes in Cub Scout Program Helps, and, if desired, appoint a task force to give leadership to the summer program.



At the April pack leader meeting, this task force should have specific recommendations to make. Parents and families should be involved from the beginning, but make this an item on the agenda for the April pack meeting.



Schedule your plans around family vacation times. Get ideas at roundtables. Secure a list of community events as well as district and council events in which your pack can participate. Avoid date conflicts. Do not schedule a pack activity at the same time as a major community event that the families may want to take part in. However, some pack meetings may coincide with and be a part of some major events.



Check with members of your chartered organization to get their full support for your plans and to be sure that there is no conflict with events they have scheduled.



Use the summertime program as a way to bring more boys into the Cub Scout family. Graduate Tiger Cubs in May so they can participate as new Cub Scouts. Invite Cub Scout-age boys and their families to take part as guests. It is a great opportunity for them to see firsthand the fun of Cub Scouting. Form new dens as needed.



Webelos den leaders can use summertime activities to support activity badges. Plan trips, tours, and sports events around the badges on which the boys are working.



Use parents as organizers and leaders of activities. Involve all family members - grandparents, brothers, sisters. Any family member who may have been too busy to be active during fall and spring should be asked to help with the summer program.



Promote the summertime program as being great for those families who will not be going away on vacation. Make your plans sound like an at-home vacation.

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WHERE TO GO & WHAT TO DO Summertime is definitely a time when Cub Scouts want to have fun, fun, fun! It is also a good time for leisure family activities. Use your Cub Scout Leader How-To Book for ideas. Here are some suggestions: Seeing Things Made - Manufacturing plants such as aircraft, automotive, appliance, or electronics; chemical, paper, plastic, paint, furniture, or toy plants; handicrafts, or other small industries. How Your City Runs - Power, light, water, gas, sewage treatment plants; police and fire stations, city hall, courthouse, telephone company, post office, hospitals; newspaper publisher, and radio and television stations. How Your City Is Fed - Truck farms and dairy farms; dairies, flour mills, bakeries; food processing, canning, and bottling plants; stockyards and meat or poultry-packing houses; beverage, candy, and icecream firms; city markets; restaurants and pizzerias; food distributors. How Your City Travels - Bus, boat, truck, railroad, subway, airplane, ferry, and shipping terminals and facilities. Learn About Your Heritage - Art galleries, museums, and memorials; celebrated old homes, forts, historic areas, monuments, and other historical sites; houses of worship, civic centers, important local buildings; summer theaters and band concerts; special local historical celebrations; and local activities. Let's Go Outdoors - Parks, forests, arboretums, botanical gardens, cemeteries, fish hatcheries, game preserves, or wild bird sanctuaries; hiking and nature trails; ball games, field meets, and other athletic events; pools, lakes, rivers, and beaches for swimming, fishing, and boating; zoos, circuses, and amusement parks; special outdoor displays and exhibits; nearby military installations; and recreational areas suitable for family picnics, cookouts, and games. Use the yellow pages in your telephone directory or call the tourist information person at your chamber of commerce office for information.

Outdoor-oriented Achievements and Electives WOLF Achievement

Elective

1 7 8 10 4 5 7 13 15 18 19 20

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Feats of Skill Your Living World Cooking and Eating Family Fun Play A Game Spare-time Fun Foot Power Birds Grow Something Outdoor Adventure Fishing Sports

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BEAR Achievement

5 6 10 11 12 14 15 22 CONSERVATION GOOD23 Elective 1 TURN PROGRAM 2 12 15 19

Sharing Your World With Wildlife Taking Care of Your Planet Family Fun Be Ready Family Outdoor Adventures Ride Right! Games, Games, Games Tying It All Up Sports, Sports, Sports Space Weather Nature Crafts Water And Soil Conservation Swimming

WEBELOS Sportsman Outdoorsman Aquanaut Naturalist

Geologist Forester Athlete

Since 1910, conservation has been an integral part of the program of the Boy Scouts of America. The BSA has been a positive force in conservation and environmental efforts. Scouts have rendered distinguished public service by helping to conserve wildlife, energy, forests, soil, and water. Past generations of Scouts have been widely recognized for undertaking conservation Good Turn action projects in their local communities. Scouts of today have grown up with words such as ecosystem and biodiversity. They recognize the need for, and the benefits of, conserving natural resources. Scouts understand that we all must work together for the betterment of the land, forests, wildlife, air, and water. Much has been accomplished in recent years by individual Scouts and through unit conservation Good Turns. Much more needs to be done. Beginning in 1995, the Boy Scouts of America will do much more. Support Your Local Conservationists The Conservation Good Turn is an opportunity for Cub Scout packs, to join with conservation or environmental organizations (federal, state, local, or private) to carry out a conservation Good Turn in their home communities. •

The Scouting unit contacts a conservation agency and offers to carry out a Good Turn project.



The agency identifies a worthwhile and needed project that the unit can accomplish.



Working together in the local community, the unit and the agency plan the details and establish the date, time and location for carrying out the project.

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RECOGNITIONS A Conservation Good Turn certificate is available at the council service center for units that participate and report on their efforts. A Conservation-Good Turn patch is also available for purchase at the council service center to recognize individual youth and adult members who participate in a meaningful conservation project. The World Conservation Award provides another opportunity for individual Cub Scouts, to "think globally" and "act locally" to preserve and improve our environment. This program is designed to make the boys aware that all nations are closely related through natural resources and that we are interdependent with our world environment. Applications for this award are available at the council service center. Cub Scout World Conservation Award Giant panda on violet Scout trefoil, violet trim, gold background (No. 00139). Two-inch embroidered emblem worn centered on right pocket. Requirements mandate participation in a Den or Pack conservation project and completion of the following: Wolf Cub Scouts § Achievement 7 - "Your living World" and all of the elective projects in 2 of the following: § Elective 13 - "Birds" § Elective 15 - "Grow something" § Elective 19 - "Fishing" Bear Cub Scouts § Achievement 5 - "Sharing your world with wild-life" and all of the elective projects in 2 of the following: § Elective 2 - "Weather" § Elective 12 - "Nature crafts" § Elective 15 - "Water and soil conservation" Webelos Cub Scouts § Forester Activity Badge § Outdoorsman Activity Badge § Naturalist Activity Badge PARTICIPATING AGENCIES Many federal agencies are resources for the BSA's Conservation Good Turn. These agencies include: •

U.S. Department of Agriculture § Soil Conservation Service - Forest Service - Extension Service



U.S. Department of the Interior § United States Fish and Wildlife Service - Bureau of Land Management - National Park Service - Geological Survey - Bureau of Indian Affairs - Bureau of Reclamation



U.S. Army Corps of Engineers § National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration



U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

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PROJECT IDEAS Conservation and environmental agencies typically have a; backlog of needed projects that they have been unable to carry out, for lack of funding or volunteers. The list of possible Good turn projects is limited only by the needs of the agency and the willingness of the Scouting unit. In every community, whether urban, suburban, or rural, worthwhile-projects await all Scouting units. Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts Cub Scouting conservation, projects should involve the entire Cub Scout pack, each den, adult 'leaders, and family members. Hands-on projects help Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts realize that everyone can do things to care for the environment. Cub Scouts and Webelos Scouts participating in the Conservation Good Turn can also meet some advancement requirements. Suggested projects include, but are not limited to: •

Plant grasses, trees, shrubs, and ground cover to stop soil erosion.



As a den or pack, adopt a park. Remove litter and garbage from a favorite neighborhood recreation area or park.



Organize or participate in a recycling program in your neighborhood, or visit a recycling center.



Arrange a natural resources awareness program. Invite natural resource professionals such as wildlife biologists, soil conservationists, foresters, or conservation officers to speak to your pack.



Participate in a beach or waterfront cleanup. Record the items collected and determine the possible harmful effects to wildlife. With youth participation, develop a plan to educate the public about the dangers posed to wildlife.



From a local, state, or national organization that is concerned about environmental protection, obtain suggestions for den and pack projects to improve the environment.



As a den or pack, visit a public utility to learn about the wise use of resources, and become involved in programs offered by utilities to help consumers conserve resources.



Contact the camp ranger or BSA local council property superintendent for information about camp needs and plans. Establish a nature trail, plant vegetation, or carry out other needed projects as requested by the camp ranger.

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WATER FUN Swimming is a fine, all-around body builder and makes a good den or pack activity. You must be safety conscious anytime your pack is holding an event around the water. To ensure safe swimming, whether with the family, den, or pack, the Safe Swim Defense should be followed. It is a plan to conduct a group swim safely. The complete plan can be found in the Cub Scout Leader Book or the Guide To Safe Scouting. Note: Artificial floating supports should never be used by non-swimmers in water over their heads. SHALLOW WATER GAMES Candy Hunt - Just wrap hard candies in aluminum foil; scatter a handful of candy along the bottom. There is no prize for the one who gets the most, except the candy itself. Balloon Volleyball - Follow regular volleyball rules. Stretch a net across the pool or along the shore in shallow water; grab a balloon, then go..go..go! Use Your Head - Cub Scouts line up in waist-deep water, each with an inflated balloon. On signal they place their balloons in the water and propel them toward shore without using their hands. FIELD TRIPS Boys like to go on field trips. They have fun and learn at the same time. Field trips should be arranged in advance, particularly if a tour is involved. Some businesses and organizations have certain days when they allow tours. Boys and leaders should be in uniform. This makes it easier to keep track of your boys. Scouts should be reminded they are representing the Cub Scouts and should behave properly and courteously. It is very helpful to have a planned program with a schedule to follow. This will enable your boys to do and learn as well as live in an outdoor setting. Your schedule should be flexible. If you have allotted one hour for a nature hike and the boys are enjoying it and learning, don't hesitate to extend the time. Cut short any activity that isn't working out as planned. Plan extra activities to keep the boys busy in the event they accomplish an activity in less time than expected. TIPS FOR TRIPS The annual Cub Scout Program Helps will present some suggested themes and a variety of summer activities from which you can select your summer fun. If you cannot find suitable ideas for your pack activities, try picnics, field days, and short trips to nearby beaches, swimming pools, and zoos. A good resource for those types of activities is the Cub Scout Leader How-To Book, chapter 9, Special Pack Activities. Trips provide a welcome change from the routine of den meetings during the school year and will be eagerly anticipated by the Cub Scouts. Where to go and what to do are questions for the pack committee, the Cub Scouts, and the parents.

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GROUND RULES FOR TRIPS •

Cub Scouts and leaders should be in uniform.



Cub Scout training should be evident so that other Scout groups will be welcome later.



Provide plenty of adult supervision - this is where parents can help.



Contact, well in advance, the place you plan to visit, so that they will expect you - on time.



Coach boys so they are attentive, courteous, and observe regulations and safety factors.



Locate rest rooms immediately upon your arrival.



Decide on rendezvous points, gathering times, and plans for eating.



Know where emergency care can be obtained.



Know how many Cub Scouts are with you and have a list of their names.



Upon your return, have the boys write your hosts to thank them for a pleasant visit.

AND DON'T FORGET TO FILE A TOUR PERMIT!!

HIKES A hike is a journey with a purpose. The Cub Scout Leader How-To Book has many suggestions for various types of hikes. Make sure that the boys have suitable footwear for the hike. Use the buddy system, with a leader in the front and end of the line

COLLECTIONS ALONG THE SHORE There are so many pretty things to be seen along the shore - so many things that can add to a boy's knowledge - pretty stones and shells, beautiful flowers and funny bugs, turtles and frogs, snakes and cattails, seed pods and birds. You can collect frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders with little or no danger since they are harmless. After you studied your animal, and maybe even photographed it, turn it loose near where you caught it. A gallon jar makes a good temporary cage for a small animal, but do not use it for very long. Use a piece of wire screen over the top of the jar. LEAVES AND SEEDS Collecting the leaves and seeds from trees helps the Cub Scout to learn to recognize many different trees. BUG ZOO The bug zoo is a simple device that can provide you and your son hours of fun. Collect caterpillars for you zoo. Supply them with he proper food (leaves of the plants you find them of) and watch them grow. An attractive bug zoo may be made from a piece of fine screen rolled into a cylinder and fastened with a piece of wire woven through its length. Place this inside a can just tall enough to support the wire cylinder. Cover the floor of the can with 1 or 2 inches of plaster of Paris. Insert a small tree branch before the plaster sets. Cover the plaster with about 2 inches of soil. Place food plants in the soil and put larvae of the leaves. Cover the top of the screen, then sit back and watch developments. For a large cage use an old aquarium tank. Cover the bottom with moist soil. Plant food plants or place them in jars of water. Put in the larvae. Cover the top of the aquarium with fine screen.

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CAMPING DAY CAMP Day camp is the perfect opportunity to introduce the younger Cubs to the outdoors and to the idea of camping. Day Camp is held during the summer, during the day, thus have no overnight experience. The program is planned specifically for the boys who have just completed their Tiger Cub or Wolf Cub years. BACKYARD CAMPING The BSA does not permit overnight camping by dens or packs for younger Cub Scouts other than Resident Camping. Backyard and family camping are encouraged for them. A boy is not likely to run into problems beyond his depth when his family is with him or close by. Backyard camping is simply sleeping out with a friend or two. RESIDENT CAMP Resident camping is a three-day, two-night experience for Cub and Webelos Scouts. WEBELOS OVERNIGHT CAMPING Webelos Scouts are encouraged to have den campouts during their tenure as Webelos Scouts. These are parent-son experiences. During their second year they are also encouraged to participate with a local Boy Scout troop on selected campouts. The activities of these campouts are to be kept appropriate for the age and experience of the Webelos Scouts. BSA FAMILY CAMPING Mom & Me, Dad & Lad, Parent & Pal, Akela & Cub are good examples of BSA family camping activities. These events have planned activities that are fun for all ages of Cubs. Family camping is also encouraged for the Cubs and their families. It can be a fun way to spend a weekend together. ACTIVITIES One of the most important goals for the Cub Scouting program is to provide an avenue of understanding between a boy and his parents. We should provide as many experiences as we can to help the boys and their families become better acquainted. Here are some expeditions which may help. Sleeping Out - Spending the night together in a tent can be quite an adventure, even if it is in the backyard. They can cook a simple meal, and have a story by the fire, and then "roll" into bed. Go To A Ball Game - Most professional sports teams offer special days for Scouts and their families to attend games. This could be a good den or pack activi ty. A Trip To The Airport - This could be just going to watch airplanes take-off and land or maybe to see a full air show. A Family Picnic - Picnics are always fun. Everyone should have a hand in planning the menu. The above-mentioned activities are just to start your imagination working. There are many things that families can do together, individually as well as part of the den or pack.

Just remember, it's fun watching, but more fun helping, your boy grow!

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SAVE IT FOR US Think on these things: ?? It is easier to bend a boy than to mend a man… ?? Opportunity knocks but once in the life of a boy – make it happen… ?? It isn’t what the boy does to the wood that counts – it’s what the wood does for the boy… ?? Cub Scouts have more need of models than critics… ?? The interests of childhood and youth are the interests of mankind… ?? The greatest use of life is to expend it on something that will outlast it… ?? No man stands too tall as when he stoops to help a boy… ?? Someone said ‘Boys will be boys’. He forgot to add “Boys will be men’… ?? The mark of a trained Cub Scouter is to see something in a mud muddle besides mud… ?? There is no failure until you fail to keep trying… ?? There are not Seven Wonders of the World…. in the eyes of a Cub Scout – there are seven million… ?? Cub Scouting is contagious – let’s spread it… ?? Laughter is the shortest distance between two people… ?? A true conservationist is a man who knows that the world is not given by his fathers, but borrowed from his children… ?? You can preach a better sermon with your life than with your lips… ?? The only thing wrong with the younger generation is that many of us do not belong to it any more… ?? Where we are going and how we move is more important than where we stand… ?? I shall pass this way but once – if there is any good I can do, let it be now – for I shall not pass this way again… ?? Others will follow in your footsteps more easily than they will follow your advice. We need to be aware of out environment and what we can do to help preserve our natural resources. CAN YOU BELIEVE? • Each person in the United States throws out about four pounds of garbage every day. • New York City alone throws out enough garbage each day to fill the Empire State building. • In one day, Americans get rid of 20,000 cars and 4,000 trucks and buses. • Fourteen billion pounds of trash is dumped into ocean every year. • Forty-three thousand tons of food is thrown out in the United States each day. • Each hour, people in the United States use two and a half million plastic bottles. • People in the United States throw out about 200 million tires every year. • All the people in the United States make enough garbage each day to fill 100,000 garbage trucks. • In only one day, people in the United States toss 15,000 tons of packing material. • It takes 90 percent less energy to recycle an aluminum can than to make a new one. • Sixty-five billion aluminum soda cans are used each year. • The energy saved by recycling a glass bottle instead of making a new one would light a light bulb for four hours. • Every ton of paper that is recycles saves seventeen trees. • Only about one-tenth of all solid garbage in the United States gets recycled. America’ Pride, America’s Future

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WHAT YOU CAN DO! •

Begin your own home recycling center.



Organize your den to take a field trip to a park or beach to clean up litter.



Instead of using paper towels, use cloth towels, which can be washed and reused again and again.



Before you toss soda rings into the garbage, cut all the circles with scissors so animals and birds can’t get caught in them.



Instead of throwing out some things that you don’t want anymore, see if someone else could use them. Try having a yard sale.



Keep a ragbag. Put old torn clothes in it and have a supply of rags to help cleans the house or use for messy projects.



When you go shopping, bring a cloth bag or recycle old brown paper bags by taking them with you.



Bring old books you don’t want to your library. Maybe the library could use them.



Save paper. Use both sides of every sheet. Use recycled paper. If more of us use recycled paper, there will be a bigger demand for it.

POLYSTYRENE Many products are made from polystyrene (sometimes called “Styrofoam”), such as cups, fast-food packaging, and packing materials. Some polystyrene is made using gases called chlorofluorocarbons, also called CFC’s. These chemicals are harmful to people and animals. When they are burned, they create poisonous gases and also harm the ozone layer surrounding our planet. Try not to buy or use polystyrene products. If you do buy polystyrene, recycle it. Polystyrene is not biodegradable. It can last forever. Unfortunately it is cheaper to make new polystyrene than to recycle it. And there are few useful products that can be made from recycles polystyrene. Plus, polystyrene is not biodegradable. Like plastic, it can last forever! The more polystyrene that is used and thrown away, the more garbage will sit in landfills for years and years. Collect and wash our plastic bottles. Rinse out and reuse plastic products such as plastic bags, plates, spoons, and cups. You’re recycling them by using them again. A big problem with plastic is that it doesn’t biodegrade. It can last forever! Instead of being allowed to fill landfills, litter roadsides, and harm wildlife, plastic can be recycled and used again. PLEASE

PLASTIC Plastic bottles. Plastic bags. Plastic plates. Plastic containers. Most plastic is made from molecules called polymers, which are derived from petroleum. The plastic is heated, sometimes dyed and poured into molds. Many products, such as soda and foods, are sold in aluminum cans. Often, when the cans are empty, they are just tossed away. It tales about 500 years for an aluminum can to biodegrade at a landfill. But these aluminum cans can be reused. It takes many energy resources and creates pollution to produce pure aluminum. First, a mineral called bauxite is mixed with soda ash and lime. When the mixture is put under pressure, aluminum is left as a by-product. Then the aluminum is heated and poured into molds to make cans.

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SODA CANS Before a soda can gets to the store … before it has soda in it … before it’s even a can, it is part of the earth! As a conservation project for your den, recycle the aluminum cans your family uses. These cans can also be used for crafts. MATERIALS aluminum cans – empty Hot glue or 6000 glue • • • • • •

paint that will hold on aluminum materials needed for decoration the cans

Wash the can thoroughly of all soda. Crush the can so that the can top is on one side and the can bottom is on the other side. This may take several cans in order to get them crushed correctly. Make the can as flat as you can. Paint the can any way you choose. An example: make a Cub Scout Glue on any accessories needed. A magnet could be attached on the back.

LIST OF ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS: The National Resources Defense Council th 40 West 20 Street New York, NY 10011 They’re starting kids’ environmental organization – ask them about it! The Environmental Defense Fund 1616 P Street NW Suite 150 Washington, DC 20036 Renew America Suite 710 th 1400 16 Street NW Washington, DC 20036 They’ve got an interesting collection of environmental “success stories” – true stories about kids who made a difference. Greenpeace 1436 U Street NW Washington, DC 20009

Field Trips You can visit the recycling plant in your area or the dump for the recycling of trash. Check with your community or the yellow pages for the location nearest you.

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TURN IT ON! … TURN IT OFF! You can save up to 20,000 gallons of water a year by not letting the water run. That’s enough to fill a swimming pool. Imagine pumping water or hauling it from a well every time you wanted to brush your teeth, like they used to the old days. It was hard work! Life is easier now. We can just turn on a faucet and presto water! In fact, it’s so easy to get water that we let gallons of it go down the drain without thinking! We need a little water-saving magic: Presto, on! …Presto, off! Don’t go with the flow! Practice conservation – keep track for a week how much water you have conserved. Here are a few suggestions of what you can do: • When you brush your teeth: Just wet your brush, then turn off the water … and then turn it on again when you need to rinse your brush off. You’ll save up to nine gallons of water each time! That’s enough to give your pet a bath. • When you wash dishes: If you just fill up the basin and rinse dishes in it, instead of letting the water run, you can save up to 25 gallons each time. That’s enough to take a five-minute shower. • When you’re going to take a bath: Plug the tub before you let the water run, so you don’t waste any. • When you’re thirsty: If you like cool water, why not leave bottles of it in the refrigerator instead of letting the water run! You’ll save water, and still have a cool drink. After you have tracked the water usage in your home, bring your notes to the den meeting and share with your fellow Cub Scouts their notes. STOP THE DRIP (An Overnight Project) If there is a leaky faucet in your home, put a container under it to catch the drip. Leave it overnight. You may be surprised to see how much water collects overnight from even a slow drip. It is definitely worth fixing every leaky faucet. You’ll save water and you’ll save money. If you don’t know how to fix a faucet, you can learn how from a book. Find one in the library.

CHECK THE FLOW ( A ONE-MINUTE PROJECT) How much water runs out of your sink faucet in a minute? All you have to do to find out is put a pail in the sink. Turn the water on and let it run while you time it . . . Stop! What you see in the pail is the water that would have run down the sink in just one minute, while you were rinsing off a dish or washing a potato. This time you saved it. (Use the water you have just saved to water the houseplants.) Next time, you can save water by rinsing or scrubbing in a small pan of water. CATCH A SHOWER (A FIVE-MINUTE PROJECT) Which uses more water, a bath or a shower? To find out, plug the drain of the tub and take a five-minute shower. Then check the water level in the tub. Is it as deep as the water you usually run for a bath? If you can convince your family to get a water-saver showerhead, you should try the experiment after you’ve installed it to see how much lower the water level is. •

Approximately 97% of the earth’s water is in the oceans, and 2% is ice. All the fresh water that people use comes from the last 1%.



More that 90% of the world’s drinkable water comes from a source under the surface of the earth (groundwater).



A person can live for weeks without food, but cannot live for more than a few days without water.



A faucet dripping at the rate of one drop per second wastes 880 gallons of water a year.

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Every ton of recycled paper saves 7,000 gallons of water that would be used in paper production

GAMES BLUE AND GOLD TRASH TOSS (low energy) Equipment: (per team) Small round trash can 30 to 60 small blue napkins or facial tissues 30 to 60 small gold napkins or facial tissues Divide the group into teams of six, eight, ten or twelve players and have each team sit in a circle. Place a trash can in the center of the circle. Give every other player five blue napkins/tissues. The other players get the gold napkins/tissues. Ask everyone to wad his napkins/tissues into five tight balls. At the leader’s signal, everybody tries to toss his balls into the trash can. If the blue team has more balls in the can, it earns the title of “Top Trash Tossers”. If the gold team has more balls in the can, though, it earns the title.

CEREMONIES GROWING TREES This little tree is a symbol of the natural beauty of our land. This tree also represents Scouting. It takes a long time for a beautiful tree to grow and develop. In the same way, a Cub Scout spends a lot of time and effort in advancing from rank to rank. So do his parents who help him. Tonight we will see how much prettier this Cub Scouting tree will be when we put some leaves on it. Each of these leaves represents the time and effort put into the advancement work by our Cub Scouts and their parents. Our Den Leaders also play a very important part in the advancement program, for without their support and help we could not have the opportunity to be in Cub Scouting. Will the following boys and their parents, please come forward when called. (Assemble all of them at the front of the Pack also call up the Scouts’ Den Leaders.) Each of you has helped nurture this tree. Just as trees endure for many, many years, so the values you have gained from working on achievements, electives and activity badges will last you a lifetime. May you always stand strong and tall like a tree – and be a beautiful resource for our land..

CHEERS BANANA – Peel banana, eat banana, throw peel over shoulder, rub tummy and say HMMM! GOOD! BROOM – Pretend to take a broom and sweep the floor saying CLEAN SWEEP three times. RAIN CLAP – Everyone starts by tapping their right thumbs on the palms of their left hands to represent the first few drops of rain. Then use two fingers, three fingers, four, five and the palms of hands. Increase volume of clapping from soft to loud. Then in reverse sequence back to thumbs on palms, as the rain passes. PAPER BAG – Make motions to simulate opening a paper bag, make a face as if the odor is back and pretend to throw the trash in the bag, form neck and twist the top of the bag closed, say “Phooey, it smells!”

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SKITS LOST ITEM AROUND THE CAMPFIRE First boy searches the ground around the campfire. Second boy: “What are you looking for, maybe I can help you find it. First boy: “I dropped my neckerchief slide.” Second boy: “Where were you standing when you dropped it.” First boy: “Over there.” (He points into the darkness.)” Second boy: “Then why aren’t you looking over there.” First boy: “Are you kidding? It’s too dark over there. You can’t see a thing.”

SONGS THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND This land is your land; this land is my land, From California, to the New York Island, From the redwood forest, to the Gulf Stream waters, This land was made for you and me. As I went walking that ribbon of highway, I saw above me the endless skyway. I saw below me the golden valley, This land was made for you and me.

THIS LAND IS OUR LAND (Tune: This Land Is Your Land) This land is our land, We must protect it. A careless camper Could put her in danger So let’s all practice Remember the outdoor code This land needs help from you and me.

I roamed and rambled, and I followed my footsteps, To the sparkling sands of her diamond deserts, All around me a voice was sounding, This land was made for you and me.

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CEREMONIES TREES Arrangement: Den Chief or a Den Leader reads the narration. Using appropriate props, the Cub Scouts pantomime to the words. Narrator: What do we plant when we plant a tree? We plant a ship that will cross the sea. We plant a mast to carry the sails, We plant the planks to withstand the gales, The keel, the keelson, the beam, the knee; We plant a ship when we plant a tree. What do we plant when we plant a tree? We plant the houses for you and for me. We plant the rafters, the shingles, the floors. We plant the studding, the lath, the doors. The beams, the siding all parts that be; We plant the house when we plant a tree. What do we plant when we plant a tree? A thousand things that we daily see. The paper for books from which to learn. Tools to help us do a good turn. The wood for a Pinewood Derby car; And for model planes that we can fly far. We plant the staff for the flag of the free Yes, we plant all these when we plant a tree

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SNOW ACTIVITIES SNOW SCAVENGER HUNT Living in the cold North makes a person become familiar with snow, that's why the Inuit have so many different words for snow. They have had to recognize and communicate about many different kinds of snow and features of their landscape. See how many of the different kinds of snow you can find. Here is a list of Inuit words for snow along with their meaning. Check off the different kinds of snow you are able to find. anniu falling snow api ground snow qali snow on the boughs of trees qamaniq bowl like depression under tree siqoqtoaq sun crust siqoq smoky (drifting snow) anamana space between drifts and obstruction upsik wind beaten snow mapsuk overhanging drift kaioglaq sharply etched wind eroded surface tumarinyiq ripple type drift kalutoganiq arrow shaped snow drift kimoaqtruk snow drift pukak bottom snow layer (depth hoar) salumaroaq smooth surface of fine particles natatgonaq rough surface of large particles quinzhee snow shelter

ICE CANDLE You will need: • • • • •

5 gallon plastic bucket or pail nonstick cooking spray (optional) water candle Some nice freezing weather

Spray the inside of the bucket with the no-stick spray or rub with a little oil. This helps if you have problems with the ice sticking to the bucket when it's time to remove. Fill the bucket three quarters of the way full and set outside to freeze. Leave overnight (depending on how cold it is!). In the morning remove the ice block from the bucket. On the bottom there should be an area that is still liquid. Drain out the liquid and slush and turn it over. Allow to freeze for at least for four more hours. The pocket where the water was now makes a great place to insert a candle. Light and place outside in your yard when it's dark for a beautiful ice "crystal" candle luminary! Be sure to have an adult help you light the candle!

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SNOW SCENE IN A JAR In Alaska we expect our first snowfall somewhere around the first week of October. If you don't get any snow in your area, you can still make your own snow scene. • empty small jar ((like a baby food jar) • hot glue gun • epoxy glue • small plastic toy animal (they have them in toy stores everywhere) • white rocks, big pieces of gravel, plastic tree etc. • • •

glitter (some of the new iridescent ones are beautiful & available at hobby stores) water food coloring if desired

Use hot glue gun to glue rocks and animal to the bottom of jar. (have an adult help with the glue gun!) Fill with water and add food coloring if desired. Spoon in some glitter and use epoxy glue to glue lid onto jar. Be sure to have an adult help with the epoxy glue. Shake to make it snow!

AND MORE FUN WITH SNOW! • • •



Build a snow cave or pit. Snow Caves For Fun and Survival - by Ernest Wilkinson is a great book for how to do this. Make snow angels in the snow. Look for animal tracks in the snow. See if you can find the tracks of dogs, cats, birds, and other wildlife in the snow. Check out a book from your local library on animals and animal tracks and see how many different animal tracks you can identify. Try out some snow shoes. Rent, borrow, or buy some snow shoes and see if you can master walking on deep snow. You can even try making your own out of a curved branch and heavy twine. The trick to snow shoes is to be sure and lift your toes up when you try and walk!

WHEN IT'S VERRRRY COLD OUTSIDE... •

Blow bubbles outside, They won't pop when it's -30 to -40 degrees Fahrenheit below zero outside.



Brew some birch tree tea. You can make a warm winter time tea by collecting a few small birch tree twigs and gently steeping them in boiling water. (Caution: the birch tree contains the natural form of aspirin called salicylic acid, and prolonged boiling in a closed container could concentrate the salicylic acid to a level where those with a hypersensitivity to aspirin may have a problem with it.)



Make peanut butter cookie cutter treats for the birds. Take old bread slices and cut out shapes with cookie cutters. Let them dry and harden enough to spread with peanut butter. Cover the peanut buttered shapes with black sunflower seeds and hang outdoors on trees or anywhere birds might come! Use a bird book to identify the birds.



See what happens to something plastic in the cold. Take an old plastic soda pop bottle and leave it outside for at least an hour. Then squeeze and see what happens. Why do you think it might have done something different than if it was warm?



Cozy up inside and read a book!

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CEREMONIES Use costumes, props and your imagination. Anything that requires throwing, catching, hitting, running, jumping, breaking, popping, bouncing, stomping, rolling, crawling, climbing, swinging or dropping is bound to bring a smile to the face of a nine-year-old.

CEREMONY FUN How about trying these: •

Place the awards in a piñata and have them go at it with a stick, one or two hits each. While they're taking their swings you can announce who got what.



Hide the awards around the room and give each boy a treasure map to find their award. Tell everyone what they got while they're looking, or hide 'coins' that the boys can use to 'buy' their award from the CM, er, I mean pirate king at the front of the room.



Have them pan for gold nuggets and exchange them at the bank for their awards. You could make a speech about them being more precious than gold while you're at it.



Dish them out of a pot dressed as a chef. Or make cupcakes or a cake and stick them in the icing on top.



Have someone dressed as a UPS, FedEx, US Postal or other delivery person "hand deliver" important packages to the boys during the meeting. Or have them dress as a military courier or paratrooper, with open parachute dragging behind them. (I'd make sure they took as lengthy a route through the room as possible in order to catch and twist the 'chute around as many things as possible. Ham it up!)



Fire them from catapults your Webelos made. Make castle walls from refrigerator boxes and shoot from inside the castle (or outside, depending on where you want to be...)



Give them out as carnival prizes, with each boy performing some simple, fun skill. (Don't make it so hard that your Tigers can't do whatever it is, and just get something handed to them.)



Find someone who's good at magic or sleight of hand to conjure them out of the boys ears, from under their hats or neckerchiefs, etc.



Put them inside Wiffle balls or balloons and hit them out to the boys with a big plastic bat. Let them "field" the award. It doesn't need to be elaborate, just fun and memorable. Use costumes, props and your imagination.



Anything that requires throwing, catching, hitting, running, jumping, breaking, popping, bouncing, stomping, rolling, crawling, climbing, swinging or dropping is bound to bring a smile to the face of a nine-year-old.

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THE DANCE OF AKELA

by Peter Van Houten

Setting: Lights low, fake fire with red bulb, tepee, drum. (Cubmaster does Cub Scout sign for silence.) Cubmaster: Hear now the tale of the tribe of Webelos and their great chieftain, Akela. Asst. CM: Many, many moons ago, a small boy sat outside his tepee watching the stars in the sky, and listening to the rustle of the trees in the night. Somewhere in the distance he could hear the call of the Bobcat, the Wolf, and the Bear. Close by was the sound of the ceremonial drum calling all braves of the tribe to the council ring. The boy listened and wished he could answer that call. Quick and as true as an arrow in flight, quiet as the hush of the night, to the beat of that ceremonial drum, before a great fire they gathered, awaiting Akela, their chief. Here in the great council fire ring, on top of the mountain, they met. Here too, they sought the help of the Great Spirit as they strived to do their duty. Here they met Chief Akela, and awaited his words. Now with the last "boom" of the great drum, all was silent. The night was still. The great ceremonial fire was lit and it began to light up the night. As the fire grew and grew ever larger, the tom-tom started slowly and set the rhythm. Akela stepped into the ring as the tom-tom beat first low and slow and then like thunder. Akela danced and with his movement told of his life. He told of the strength of his father, the one they called the Arrow of Light. He told of how his father taught him the signs of the tribe; how to make a bow and let an arrow fly true to its target. Akela obediently followed the Arrow of Light and gained great knowledge. Akela learned that the arrow for which his father was named was one that pointed upward, truly to the Eagle so high above. Akela's dance showed how he, as a young brave, was trusted to set out into the forest. There he met the Wolf who taught him the ways of the wild life, of the ground, of the tracks, and ways to find food. He next faced the Bear and learned the meaning of courage and the importance of being brave. And with this Akela stopped his dance! Akela, the wise, had closed his dance and presented the sign of the tribe and all of the tribe did likewise. No one spoke until Akela said: "Our tribe can only be strong when the boys of the tribe are strong. The future is hidden, but if we are courageous and brave; if we teach our boys truth and knowledge, to aim high like the eagle, to be fair, our great tribe will continue to be strong.

BOBCAT BADGE CEREMONY Props: a star for each boy

Cubmaster: My friends, you are like that small Indian boy wishing that you can answer the call of the great ceremonial drum and be members of the tribe. Every boy who joins Cub Scouts, whatever his age, first earns the BOBCAT badge by learning the Cub Scout Promise, the Cub Scout Sign, the Cub Scout Salute, the Cub Scout Handshake, the meaning of WEBELOS, the Law of the Pack, and the Cub Scout Motto "Do Your Best." Asst. CM: Would the following scouts and their parents please come forward? (List boys earning the Bobcat badge.) Cubmaster: (scout's name) , do you see the stars in the sky? That is the constellation Big Dipper and the big star is the North Star. For many years man has used these stars as a guide to show them the way as they traveled. As you join Cub Scouts you are starting a trip. You will experience adventures and excitement, meet new friends and learn new skills. However, as you begin this trip you need a "North Star" to guide you. The "North Star" is Akela ... Akela can be your parents, your den leader, even I, your Cubmaster. It is our responsibility to help you along the way. Cubmaster: (parents' names) , I ask of you, will you accept the responsibility to be (scout's name) 'Akela', to help guide him along the Cub Scouting trail? Cubmaster: (scout's name) , you've already started your trip by earning the Bobcat badge. Congratulations! (Present Bobcat badge to parents.) America’ Pride, America’s Future

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Cubmaster: (scout's name) , here also is a star for you to place in your bedroom. At night this star will shine, reminding you of your start on the Cub Scout trail. Cubmaster: Pack ___, would you please join with me in congratulating (scout's name) and welcome him to our Pack by giving him a "Cub Scout" cheer?

ANIMAL SPIRITS (Wolf Ceremony) Participants: Akela (Cubmaster), Baloo (Asst. Cubmaster) , Den Leader Props: campfire, forest scenery, drum Setting: The lights are turned off, the fire is lit and the drum starts. Akela and Baloo walk toward the front. When they reach the front, Akela gives the Cub Scout sign, and the drum falls silent.

Den Leader: The Indians believed in animal spirits. These spirits helped the Indians and gave them special powers. It was good to have the strength from many animal spirits. But, each Indian also had a main spirit. The Indian would not reveal who his guardian spirit was unless he was near death. Baloo: One advantage to spending time alone in the wilderness, is that you might meet your spirit animal. And, to meet your spirit animal is to make your life more complete. An Indian might be canoeing alone across a lake, when he spies a wolf on the shore. And as the wolf looks into his eyes, he'll just know, that that's his spirit animal. Of course you can only meet your spirit animal when you're alone. Akela: The wolf gives us two strengths: wisdom and bravery. The wolf is one of the smartest animals in the woods. This wisdom will serve our braves well. The wolf is also very loyal to the pack. Because of this, the pack is much stronger than the wolf by itself. Do we have any cubs who have earned the mark of the wolf? Baloo: Yes, we have (number) . They have learned how to handle tools and how to display the flag; they know how be healthy and safe. They have learned to serve in the community and to conserve energy. They are physically active and like to read. They have fun with their families and have collected useful and beautiful things. They obey our country's laws and worship God. Akela: Bring them and their parents forward so I may award them with the honor they have earned. Baloo: Will (names) please come forward with their parents? (Hand badge to parents.) Akela: Parents, would you please present your son his Wolf badge? As is the custom in our pack, please attach the badge to his uniform upside down, with the tape. Once he performs a good deed, it may be permanently attached right side up. The pin is worn by the parents as an indication that Cub Scouting is a family activity. Baloo: These boys deserve a cheer for their hard work. What could be more appropriate than a wolf howl?

BEAR CEREMONY Bear DL: When the scout reaches third grade he begins working from the Big Bear book. Just as Akela met the bear with courage, the scout walks the Big Bear trail. On that trail he finds and conquers twelve challenging achievements in the categories of God, Country, Family and Self. He then receives his BEAR badge. Asst. CM: Would the following scouts and their parents please come forward? (List boys earning the Bear badge.)

Cubmaster: (scout's name) , you've completed all the requirements for your Bear badge and have moved along the Cub Scout trail. Receive now the mark of the Bear, a blue mark, symbolizing bravery. (Mark each boy with BLUE face paint.)

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Cubmaster: It is my pleasure to award your Bear badge to your parents, who have been your Akela in completing these requirements. Parents, please award this badge to your son and congratulate him on a "job well done." Arrow Points: Asst. CM: Today we are pleased to present arrow points to some Bear scouts too. These scouts have continued on the Big Bear Trail earning Bear arrow points. (List boys earning Bear arrow points.) Cubmaster: It is my pleasure to award (scout's name) [his gold arrow point, {and}] (quantity) silver arrow points. Cubmaster: Pack ___, would you please join with me in congratulating these Bears by giving them a "Grizzly Bear Growl" cheer?

WHEN MT. ST. HELENS WALKED THE EARTH (Webelos Ceremony) Participants: Akela (Cubmaster), Baloo (Asst. Cubmaster) Props: Mountain scene with broken bridge, Badges (with tape affixed to the card the badge is on)

Akela: Long ago, a group of braves from a tribe went out hunting. One brave sat on a rock to rest. Baloo: He heard a voice speak to him. Akela: The brave jumped up, trying to figure where the voice was coming from. Baloo: It was the rock. The rock told him a story about when Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Adams and Mt. Hood walked the earth. They were a family like people have families today. Akela: For many days the brave listened to the stories from the rock. The other braves wondered why he was catching so little and followed him one day. Baloo: The other braves heard the rocks stories too. It told them that the bridge of the gods once was a rock bridge over the Columbia River. But, the tribes began to fight. Mt. St. Helens was so mad, it threw rocks at the bridge and broke it. This left the two tribes on opposite sides of the river with no way to fight each other. The rock told them to tell this story to their children, so it would not be forgotten. Akela: The Webelos we are honoring tonight and the Webelos we honored previously are now the oldest boys in our pack. It is their job to tell the stories of our pack to the younger boys. They can tell them about the (list activities) (i.e. space derby, bike rodeo, the Christmas tree mulch, the hikes, Day Camp) and the many other activities they have enjoyed. Baloo, please call up the boys we are honoring tonight. Baloo: Will (names) please come forward with their parents? Baloo: To earn the Webelos badge each scout must earn the Webelos fitness activity pin and two others. These scouts have learned about Boy Scouting and respect for God. (Hand badge to the parents.) Akela: Parents, would you please present to your son his Webelos badge? Please attach the badge to his uniform upside down, with the tape. Once he performs a good deed, it may be permanently attached right side up. The pin is worn by the parents as an indication that Cub Scouting will always be a family activity. Baloo: Since you boys are the youth leaders of our Pack, I want to leave you with a challenge. Over this next year, help me find ways to make the Pack even more fun. Will the Pack join me in the Cub Scout cheer? After I say Cub, you reply Scout.

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ARROW OF LIGHT CEREMONY Props: drum, spotlight, poster paints: blue, yellow, green, white; crossover bridge, large AOL sign (wood or cardboard) with string for each recipient; handbook and neckerchief for each recipient Participants: Cubmaster, Assistant Cubmaster, Webelos Leader, Scoutmaster, Webelos Den Chief, AOL recipients and their parents Setting: ceremony table with AOL awards & pins; AOL ceremonial board w/ 4 candles (blue -- Spirit of Cub Scouting, yellow -- Arrow of Light Award, green -- Boy Scout, white -- Spirit of Scouting. At the opening of the ceremony, only the white candle is lit; Cubmaster and Assistant Cubmaster are at front of room; Webelos Den Chief is at back of room with recipients; Webelos leader is on one side of room, Parents on other side. Scoutmaster waits on other side of bridge. Throughout the ceremony, a tom-tom drum is beaten, slowly. When the tom-tom starts, the Den Chief leads the blindfolded recipients from the back of the room to the Webelos Den Leader (in arm-to-shoulder "link up"), who then leads them to their parents. The parents then lead them (individually) to the ceremony table.

Cubmaster : (while the Scouts are being guided to the table) As a Cub Scout, you have been guided through the Cub Scout Trail with the help of many Akelas. Soon, when you become a Boy Scout, you will find that, while there are still many people willing to help, you take on more and more responsibility for blazing your own trail to Eagle. (Assistant Cubmaster removes blindfolds when in front of table) (Names of AOL recipients), you have been called before the Pack because you have satisfied the requirements for Cub Scouting's highest rank: The Arrow of Light. (Asst. Cubmaster lights Blue Candle, as the Cubmaster reads) The first band of color is to remind you of the lessons you learned as a Cub Scout. The white candle represents the ideals of Scouting, as embodied by the 12 points of the Scout Law. Blue represents the spirit of Cub Scouting -- the spirit of giving goodwill and doing your best. Do you promise to fulfill the Cub Scout Promise and the Cub Scout motto, Do Your Best, when you receive the Arrow of Light badge? Webelos Scouts:, "We do." (Webelos Leader applies Blue Paint to each recipient's face). Cubmaster: Webelos Scouts have faithfully promised always to keep the spirit of Cub Scouting. As their parents, do you also promise to continue to help your boy in his Scouting adventures. Parents: "We do." Cubmaster: The second band of color, white, represents the Scout Law. Even though youth and adult leaders will cheerfully show you the skills you need, it will be up to you to live up to the 12 points of the Scout Law. Daily you will be faced with decisions and, at times, the trail will seem most difficult to follow. Make your choices by always remembering the Scout Law. In all you do, do you promise to be forever Trustworthy, Loyal, Helpful, Friendly, Courteous, Kind, Obedient, Cheerful, Thrifty, Brave, Clean and Reverent? Webelos: "We do" (Webelos Leader applies white paint) Cubmaster (as the Assistant Cubmaster lights the yellow candle) The third band of color, and the yellow candle, stand for the Arrow of Light. Within the tepees of many braves, the Arrow of Light has an honored place. Its shaft is straight and narrow -- just as is the path that you Scouts should follow throughout your life. Its tip points the way -- the way to success in all that you do. It is pointing to the right -- a symbol that nothing should be left undone; if it is within your power to do it, see that it is done. And lastly, this is the symbol of the seven rays of the sun, one for each day of the week; this is to remind you that every day is a new day -- a day to Do Your Best in everything: A day to honor your God and Country, to do your Good Turn, a new chance to follow the Scout Law, and to remember these words: On My Honor Assistant Cubmaster (as the Webelos Leader places the wooden AOL's over each recipients head) Just as each boy has blazed his own trail toward the Arrow of Light award, they each have crafted their own Arrow of Light to help them remember their promise to keep the Spirit of Cub Scouting alive. Do you

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promise to let its light shine forth from you, to set an example for others to follow in your footsteps, to set your eye on the Eagle and never waiver? Webelos: "We promise. (Webelos Leader applies yellow paint) Cubmaster: Then I, Akela, have the distinct honor to say to you: You are now full-fledged Arrow of Light holders! (Cubmaster hands the parents the Arrow of Light awards and asks them to pin them upon the boys). Assistant Cubmaster: Next, we ask the Webelos to pin upon their mom or dad a miniature Arrow of Light, and to give them a big hug to thank them for all their help. Webelos Leader: You may wear the awards on your Scout uniforms, centered below the left shirt pocket. It is a great honor for me to greet you as winners of the Arrow of Light award. (all leaders shake hands of recipients) Assistant Cubmaster: The last candle, and the last band of color, is Green; it symbolizes the beginning of your path toward Eagle as a Boy Scout. As your Den Leader applies the paint on each of you, I ask that (Scoutmaster's name), Scoutmaster of Troop _____, come forward and light the Green Candle to start you on your way as Boy Scouts. (Scoutmasters name) will now lead you across the bridge that connects Cub Scouting with Boy Scouting, where (names of Boy Scouts that will be greeting Webelos as they cross) will be waiting to greet you and present you with the handbooks and neckerchiefs you already have earned through your diligence this past month.

FLAG CEREMONY Equipment: US Flag, Five signs with letter on front and script on back Cast: Five Cub Scouts Ladies and Gentlemen: Our feelings about our flag and country are simple as ABC. A is for America, the country we live in. B is for Beautiful, that we must work to keep our country clean C is for Cub Scouts who benefit so much from our country. D is for Duty, our duty to serve our community. E is for Equality, that we be judged by what we do, rather than what family we are from. Would the audience please rise and join in the Pledge of Allegience…

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NECKERCHIEF SLIDES LITTER BASKET NECKERCHIEF SLIDE MATERIALS Jet Dry dishwasher basket

black plastic bag

pipe cleaners

paper

glue.



Thread the pipe cleaner through the basket to form a ring for the slide. Glue the black plastic into the basket to form a trash bag.



Make a sign that say "Litter" and glue the sign to the front of the basket.



Fill the basket with wadded paper scraps and glue into place.

FIRE BUCKET NECKERCHIEF SLIDE MATERIALS Film canister

Pipe cleaners

3 cotton balls

Plaster

Water

Sand

Sign ("IN CASE OF FIRE") •

Paint can red.



Tape sign to front of can.



Punch two holes in back of can, near top, 1" apart.



Insert pipe cleaners for slide, twist for loop.



Stuff with cotton balls.



Mix plaster with water to sour cream consistency. Pour thin layer over cotton balls to cover the holes and ends of the pipe cleaners.



While plaster is wet, sprinkle with sand. Shake off excess. Let dry.

MINIATURE PIZZA SLIDE OR MAGNET MATERIALS Metal lid from juice container

Fabric or acrylic paints

Brushes

Pipe cleaners, or magnets.



Paint on a "crust", then layers of pizza (red for sauce, green for green papers, orange for cheese, black for lives, etc.) Let dry.



Glue on back a pipe cleaner to twist around neckerchief or magnet for the refrigerator.

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POPCORN NECKERCHIEF SLIDE

MATERIALS Film canister Marker Popper corn

Pipe cleaners Cotton balls Clear acrylic spray

Red or white adhesive vinyl Plaster



Cover the film canister with red or white adhesive vinyl.



Make two small cuts in the back to insert a pipe cleaner ring.



Make a sign "POPCORN" and tape to front of can.



Put one of two cotton balls in can and pour a small amount of plaster over them for weight. Let dry.



When dry, glue popped corn in the top part of the can. (Use enough to make sure popcorn will stick).



When dry, spray with clear acrylic spray.

NECKERCHIEF SLIDE FIRST AID KIT This is a great idea for scouts working on the Webelos Readyman activity pin. •

For each slide, use a plastic film can with lid.



Punch two holes in back of can so slide ring can be inserted.



Paint can white. Paint on a red cross, or use small pieces of red plastic tape to make cross.

• •

Glue in leather thong for ring or use a pipe cleaner. Inside the container place the following first aid items:Small adhesive bandage Small tube of antiseptic ointment Alcohol wipe Two safety pins Coins for telephone Emergency phone numbers

THE SQUARE KNOT Simply dye cotton rope in appropriate colors, tie the knot, and use a little glue to hold it together. Attach a loop and you're set! If you're using nylon rope, you'll need to melt the rope ends a bit to prevent fraying.

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DERBIES PLANNING AND EXECUTING A PINEWOOD DERBY Successful Cub Scouting events, like the Pinewood Derby, require advanced planning and lots of parental involvement. Listed below are sources of free information that will guide you towards a successful event for the Pack, and a fun experience for your Cubs and their families.

THE "PWD" COMMITTEE A successful and fun Pinewood Derby is highly dependent on the work of the "Pinewood Derby Committee." Begin to assemble this group of volunteers early in the Scouting year. It is important to try to bring in several Pinewood 'veterans' to maintain the continuity you get from 'experienced people' who know what works (and what doesn't.) Conversely, it is very important to recruit some 'first-timers' as well. They'll be running the Derby in a couple of years! The following job descriptions illustrate the responsibilities of each functional position: •

Chairman: This individual is responsible for all Committee coordination activities. Strong organizational, motivational, and leadership skills are required here. The Chairman will collect and coordinate the status of all of the other Committee members, and assign/coordinate additional tasks. During the races, the Chairman will also act as the behind the scenes coordinator of the event, coordinating solutions to all unforeseen 'emergencies' should (when) they arise.



Master of Ceremonies: The MC announces all races and racers, all results, and all other general communications during the event. The MC also presents all trophies, certificates, and medals to event winners during and after the Derby. Your Cubmaster is a good bet for the Master of Ceremonies.



Rules Team: This team is responsible for the creation, approval, and distribution of the 'car construction' and 'race procedure' rules. The Rules Team can consist of all interested Pinewood Derby Committee members. The key players in this process are the Derby Chairperson, the Registration Team, and the Trackmaster Team, even though all committee members can participate.



Sponsors Team: The Sponsors Team is responsible to locate local businesses and organizations that will contribute decoration items, 'giveaways,' and raffle goodies. It is amazingly simple to get community support for your event. Remember though... if you are a BSA unit, and you plan to make a profit from your race, a Unit Money-Earning Application form (BSA A-136) must be filled our by the Unit, and approved by the Council prior to accepting donations of 'goods' from local businesses.



Construction Clinics Team: You should run two car construction clinics prior to your Derby. The first about 6 to 8 weeks prior to the races, and the second about 2 to 3 weeks before. Individuals that understand woodworking, tool safety, and Derby car construction techniques host these.



Pit Crew Team: A team of individuals that come together during the race to assist with wheel / axle lubrication and any car repairs that might be necessary should cars 'fly' off of the track, or get dropped, etc. This is also a good 'second job' for your Construction Clinics Team.



Track Setup and Repair Team: Also known as the "Trackmaster Team." Try to get at least one individual to fill this role for EACH track used for your event. They assemble the tracks and timers in the weeks before the race, and

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effect any repairs that might be necessary. During the races the Trackmasters are also responsible for keeping the tracks fast-and-smooth. •

Registration Team: We typically require that cars be turned in for impound before our Derbies. This occurs on a Friday and Monday afternoon one week prior to the races. We have two individuals responsible for checkin, weighing, and conformance to our rules on duty during this period. These individuals MUST be very familiar with the car construction rules. This can be a 'tough' job!



Starters: Two to three individuals per track are responsible for staging and starting cars, and ferrying cars from the 'finish-line' to the 'starting-line' during the races.



Decorations Team: These individuals are responsible for all Derby-day decorations. This involves decoration acquisition from purchased sources, and locating businesses that are willing to donate decorations. Auto parts and tire shops are GREAT sources! On the eve of Derby day the Decorations Team is responsible for arranging all event decorations. Check out their handiwork here!



Finishers: Two to three persons per track are responsible for working the finish line during the races. This job involves judging car finish order (as a backup for the electronic timers) and ferrying cars to the start-line. Check out our "Finish Line Team."



Refreshments Team: This Team of two or three persons is responsible for the purchase, set-up, and sale of snacks during the event. Typically, the Pack should take in slightly more funds than their refreshments outlay.



Crowd Control / Cub Escorts: Our Den Leaders are each responsible for helping their Cubs with race day logistics (and behavior.) They also help with some of the more difficult lessons that Cubs learn about 'sportsmanship' during the races!



Results Chart Team: This year our "Results Chart Team" developed elimination charts based on the "Perfect-N" method with each car racing the same number of times in each lane, and each car racing the same number of times against each other car. This method was used at three levels: the 'Den,' the 'semi-finals,' and the 'finals.' To report current race statistics to all participants and families, our "Results Chart Team" developed a large felt-Velcro chart that included a personalized velcroed car symbol for each racer and special areas for each Den and race category. As race data comes in from the Finish-line Teams, they are reflected on the Results Chart. This allows participants see what is coming up next and illustrates each Cub's current status. This REALLY works well!

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Awards Team: The awards team is responsible for developing an award program for the races, and moving it through an approval process by the Cubmaster and Committee Chairman. The awards person then purchases trophies and medals, and coordinates the making of certificates. We award trophies for the six fastest cars, medals for first thru third place in each Den, and really nice personalized certificates, pins, patches, etc. for all participants.



Cleanup Team: All of our Committee members (and maybe some volunteer parents) help with post-event cleanup.

PINEWOOD DERBY RULES & RACE PROCEDURES FAIRNESS, UNIFORMITY, FUN! Rules and procedures should cover general guidelines, car construction rules, rules for the different competitions (i.e. Best Design, Fastest Car, etc.,) car weigh-in and registration, and Derby day procedures. It can also include tips, techniques, sportsmanship hints, and other information for your families. The question "what are the rules?" gets asked so often because one encounters considerable variation when comparing the various "rules & race procedures" published in any of several BSA documents, AND as expressed by Scouters that run Derbies. The BSA published "rules & race procedures" can be found in the: •

"Cub Scout Grand Prix Pinewood Derby Guidebook" (BSA #33721 - out of print)



"Grand Prix Pinewood Derby Kit" (BSA Kit No. 17006)



"Cub Scout Leader How to Book" (BSA No. 33832)

One thing that ALL of the BSA publications have in common is that the rules & race procedures provided are "Sample Rules" or indicate that your Pack's Pinewood Derby Committee should "... decide on rules and race procedures, then have them printed and distributed to all participants at least two weeks before the Derby race."

THE PINEWOOD DERBY COMMITTEE DEVELOPS THE RULES & RACE PROCEDURES So... one of the PWD Committee's first orders of business is to decide on "Official Rules & Race Procedures" and distribute them with the Pinewood Derby Kits. But be careful in your rule making. As you know, the Pinewood Committee has the final say on the rules. But, there's a catch! What if your son wants to race at the District or Council-level, and / or at other races such as at the Scout-O-Rama? They will have Committee-based rules too. Their rules may differ from your Pack's. If your son's car is built according to your Pack's rules, and without regard to the rules governing the other races he's interested in, he may find his car disqualified from subsequent race events! So, do your homework and investigations before your son builds his car! (..... and if you can, make sure your Committee takes the other local race rules into consideration when defining your Pack rules.)

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CUBMOBILE DERBY A Cubmobile derby is activity that is a lot of FUN for the whole family! Planning for the derby should begin several months before the race date, so that Cub Scouts and adults from each den will have time to build a racer. That's right! Each den builds it's own Cubmobile, with dads or other adults helping to supervise the construction. There is no engine; the Cubmobile works by gravity. Follow the guidelines for planning special pack activities. Each pack family should be furnished with an information sheet listing the rules, awards, procedures, building specifications, date, time, and place. This will help prevent any misunderstandings. PERSONNEL NEEDED Program Committee Plan a snappy opening ceremony, such as a ribbon cutting. Handle all aspects of awards (platform, signs, tables, trophies, ribbons, etc.) Plan for crowd control. String pennants for decorations. Secure public-address systems or bullhorns. Have resource squad or first-aiders on hand for emergencies. Inspection Team Make a jig of cardboard or wood to check overall dimensions of Cubmobiles. Check for correct attachments and safety requirements (especially brake system and seat belt). Number each car. Act as judges for craftsmanship award. Report winner to program committee. Registration Team Register each boy and give him a number. Enter car numbers and names of drivers for each run on tally sheet, to keep track of who drives in each heat. Get times from timekeepers at finish line and record. Determine final standing of each den car and report results to program committee for presentation of awards. Track Operations Team Assign two gatekeepers to line up cars. Have three starters with green flags to operate starting ramp. Have official timers with stopwatches at finish line (one for each lane). Have two judges with checkered flags. Mark lanes in street with chalk. Rope off racing area where necessary. Provide bales of hay for end of track to make sure Cubmobiles stop. Report official times to registration team. THE TRACK The track should be a smooth-surfaced street with a gradual slope that is neither too long nor too steep. The suggested track length is about 150 feet, plus additional stopping space. Secure approval from the appropriate city, county, or park authority to close off the street to traffic during the derby.

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The lanes should be marked with chalk. Crossing over from one lane to another will happen, especially with inexperienced drivers, but boys should be instructed to stay within their own lanes. Judges should observe the race for any fouls. If a driver is fouled, he should be given another run. Usually a ramp is set up to start the cars. Cubmobiles start form a standstill, running down the ramp and the slope to the finish line. No pushing or pumping with the feet is allowed. THE RAMP This may be as simple or elaborate as the derby committee wishes. Sheets of heavy plywood are effective and usually can be rented or donated. These can be elevated at the backside with cement blocks. Another type of starting ramp is illustrated below. Consider safety factors when determining the angle of the starting ramp. The ramp should allow ample room for the number of cars starting at one time.

CUBMOBILE SPECS AND PARTS See the illustration on the next page for description of building materials and hardware. Wheels must not exceed 12 inches in diameter. All wheels must be equipped with solid rubber tires. Car frame is made from 2-by-4-inch construction lumber. The overall length of the car is a maximum of 5 feet; the wheelbase a maximum of 4 feet. The outside circumference of the wheel may vary from 30 to 36 inches. Use roundhead 1/4-inch bolts to hold frame. Screws are a second choice. Nails are not suitable, because they may work lose. All cars must have a seat with braced backrest, so the cub can comfortably steer with his feet. Steering is done with the feet, which are placed on the front axle, and by the hands holding a rope fastened to the front axle. If threaded axles are used, the nuts must be secured with cotter pins or wire. Cars must be equipped with an adequate safety belt securely fastened to the main frame of the car. Cars must be equipped with a handbrake with its rubbing surface faced with a rubber material such as a strip of an old tire. This will stop the car when dragged on the ground. During a race, the two 2-by-4-inch blocks fastened 1/2inch from the centerboard will limit the turning radius.

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RACING PROCEDURE •

The derby is run in heats. Each den has one Cubmobile, and each cub in the den races the car at least one time. The den with the lowest average racing time wins.



Cub Scouts bring Cubmobile to inspection station where it is checked and numbered.



Cars and drivers go to the registration table where the names and car are checked on the heat schedule.



As the announcer calls his name, each cub reports to the starting gate and is helped into his car. Seat belt is fastened.



All drivers must wear protective headgear, such as football helmet, racing helmet, or construction "hard hat".



When the starter releases cars, drivers should stay in their own lanes.



No pumping or pushing with the feet is permitted.



After driving, the cub returns to the spectator section.

PRIZES Each Cub should receive an award or other memento of his participation in the derby. Winners could be presented with medals or trophies. Multipurpose award ribbons, trophies, and numerous Cub Scout gift items are available at our Council center.

PUBLICITY The Cubmobile derby will have considerable appeal to the general public. Invite photographers to take pictures for the local newspaper. See that cubs are properly uniformed - they could wear Cub T-shirts and shorts. NOTE: This information is directly from the Cub Scout Leader HOW TO BOOK, special pack activities section. As is with all Cub programs and units, the activity is modified to meet the needs and resources of the unit. Example - A smaller unit say of 20 cubs can have a derby with two cars and 5 leaders on a slopping street/road. This is a real fun activity that the Cubs love!

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SPACE DERBY

PERSONNEL NEEDED Program Committee • Plan an opening ceremony, such as a ribbon-cutting. •

Handle all aspects of awards (decorated platform, signs, tables, trophies, ribbons, medals, etc.)



Plan for crowd control.



String pennants for decoration.



Secure public-address system or bull horns, if needed.

Inspection Team • Check entries for use of official materials. •

Mark a number on each rocket.



Act as judges for craftsmanship award and other special awards. Report winners to program committee.

Registration Team • Enter rocket numbers and boys' name on a preliminary heat sheet. •

List heat winners on semifinal sheets.



Determine final standing of each rocket and report results to program committee for presentation of awards.

Flight Operations Team • Have two starters with green flags. •

Have two judges with checkered flags.



Have two gatekeepers to line up boys.



Set up the space derby raceway.



Report preliminary winners and final winners to registration team.

Constructing and Operating Rockets The official space derby kit includes all necessary materials and instructions for building. Decorate the rocket with bright colors. Apply decals furnished in the kit. Tips for rocket builders: • Reduce air friction or "drag" by making all surfaces as smooth as possible. A blunt, rounded nose causes less drag than a sharp nose. A good design has all leading edges rounded and trailing edges tapered to reduce the drag. •

Rubber bands should be lubricated before the race. They are the "motor" and must be strong and flexible.



Use a sharp knife for cutting the grooves for the hanger fitting and fins. A dull knife will crush and splinter the balsa wood.



When you start to carve, remember that the end with the small hose is the rocket nose.



A potato peeler is good for carving the shape.

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To help increase the rocket's spped reduce the wall thikcness to a minimum of 1/8 inch. Do not weaken the area around the hanger (carrier) or carve away the nose button circle.



Do not apply too much apint to the outside unless you sand between each coat.



Be careful not to get glue on the plastic carrier, especially in the holes through which the monofilament line runs. Glue can interfere with smooth operation.



Make the propeller shaft as short as possible by bending it close to the prop. Cut off the excess wire with wire cutters.



Test the rocket's balance by hanging it from a string through the hole of the hanger fitting. If the rocket is nose-heavy, carve or sand a little wood off of the end. It it's tail-heavy, remove wood from the tail area.

Dens may wish to secure a 100-foot lenght of 50-pound monofilament fishing line for test runs in the backyard before the derby. Tie the line to a tree or post and string the rocket carrier on it. Tie the other end to a tree about 100 feet away. Make the line as tight as possible.

SAMPLE SPACE DERBY PROGRAM •

7:00 Inspection and registration of rockets.



7:30 Opening ceremony.



7:45 Cut ribbon and start heats. Award ribbons and other prizes to heat winners during the running of the derby.



8:30 Recognition ceremony. Recognize champions; then make advancement awards.



8:45 Closing ceremony.

SAMPLE SPACE DERBY RULES all rockets must pass the following inspection to qualify for the race: •

Only basic materials supplied in the kit may be used.



The rocket body may be no longer than 7 inches, not including the propeller and fins.



There are no restrictions on the weight or design of the rocket.

SPACE DERBY PROCEDURE •

Every boy brings his rocket to the inspection table to have his entry checked and numbered.



Then he goes to the registration table where his name and rocket's number are entered on a heat sheet.



Contestants report to the gatekeepers, who line them up in the order in which they will compete. At this point, each boy starts to wind the rubber-band motor of his ship.



As his name is called, the boy hooks his rocket on the guideline assigned to him, centering the rocket between the vertical dowels and locking the propeller behind the horizontal dowel on the starting gate.



The gatekeeper starts the countdown and fires at zero by lifting the starting gate frame, which releases the rockets.



The race is run in heats, up to four contestants at a time. Each boy gets to try at least twice instead of being eliminated from competition from after the first race. For example, in a six-boy den, try heats of three boys each. The winner of each heat goes into the den finals. Then race the other four again with the winner competing with the other heat winners for the den championshiip and entry into the pack finals.

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The winner takes his rocket to the registration table for recording, then to the awards platform for recognition. He then returns to the spectator area to wait until his name is called again.



Run as many quarter-final and semifinal heats a necessary to determine the contestants for the final.



As ships are eliminated, make sure the contestants are applauded for their efforts.

Tips for Preparing for Flight •

Lubricate the rubber bands before the derby. This prolongs the bands' life and power and will help reduce the possibility of breaking during the competition. They can be soaked overnight in castor oil. Or mix two parts green soap, one part glycerine, and one part water and rub the mixture on the rubber band about an hour before racing.



Have extra boxes of rubber bands on hand. Remember, it takes three rubber bands to fly each ship properly.



Experienced rocket racers "warm up" their space ships by gradually winding the rubber band motor to its full capacity-first 50 turns, then 100, then 200, etc. Release the propeller between each winding.



A small hand drill is excellent for winding rubber bands. It also helps speed up the event. Check the ratio of the drill by making one revolution of the crank handle and cout the number of times the chuck turns. Most drills average a one-to-four ratio, thus it would take 40 turns of the crank to give 160 winds on the rubber-band motor. When using the hand drill winder, it's best for one person to hold the rocket and propeller while another stretches the bands about 12 to 15 inches beyond the rocket tail and turns the rubber bands, he gradually shortens the distance between him and the rocket.



For a more evenly matched race, wind all rocket motors the same number of turns. For 100-foot launch lines, 150 to 170 winds should be sufficient.

SPECIAL SPACE DERBY EVENTS •

Speed. First rocket to reach the finish line wins.



Endurance. Last rocket to reach the finish line wins.



Relay. Use two or more guidelines. Boys form teams of twos. The first boy releases his rocket, and as soon as it reachesthe other end of the line, his teammate removes it, rewinds it, puts it back on the guideline, and releases it. The first rocket to return wins.



Altitude. String a guideline which is about 12 inches from the ground at the starting line and 5 feet at the finsh line. Gradually, raise the high end of the line until all rockets have been eliminated. The one which climbed the highest wins.



Just For Fun. Have rockets break balloons at the finsh line. Do this by inserting several straight pins through a piece of cardboard. suspend the cardboard from the finish line and place a balloon in front of the pins. The rocket will drive the balloon into the pins.

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KITE AND GLIDER DERBY KITE DERBY A pack kite derby can be one of your best spring or summer activities. It may include various kite contests, followed by a picnic supper. Some kite derbies are held just for fun with no special contests or prizes. Others include contests with prizes for each. Follow the guidelines for planning special activities. The kite derby committee must consider the location (an open field), the layout of the field, and the meal, if any. If contests are to be included, decide on entry requirements, which events will be held, and the rules and prizes for each. You will need an announcer, a starter, and one or two judges. The kite derby plan should be developed far enough in advance so the boys and thier families will know the types of events and rules for each before they begin making kites. The Wolf Cub Scout Book contains some kite plans. The den meetings leading up to the derby would be a good time to discuss kite flying safety rules with the boys. SAMPLE KITE DERBY SCHEDULE •

Exhibit period o

Registration

o

Display of Kites

o

Judging of Kites



Opening ceremony



Kite contests



Picnic Supper



Recognition



Closing Ceremony

CLASSIFICATION OF KITES Kites should be divided into three groups for competition: •

Bowed or tailless kites



Flat kites or those having tails



Box kites or combination kites

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS The kite derby committee will want to set some rules beforehand to help prevent any misunderstanding or disappointment. Here are suggestions: •

All kites must be parent-son made.



Each kite should be numbered.



Only one kite per boy may be entered.



Each boy may have an adult to help him get the kite into the air and help catch it when it comes down.



A kite must fly to eligible for a prize.



No restrictions on materials used in construction of kites, except that no fighting kites are allowed. (Glass, razor blades, and metal are not permitted.)



No wire flight lines are permitted.



Kites caught in power lines are lost and may not be retrieved.



Kites may be adjusted and modified any time during the derby.

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You may want to measure the kite cords before the competition and mark them at 100 yards to aid the judges in determining how high they are flying. Cords could be provided by the kite derby committee. JUDGING You may wish to establish a point system for judging to make it easier to determine the winners of some of the awards. Preflight judging can be done for design and workmanship, and prizes could be awarded for: •

Smallest



Largest



Most comical



Most beautiful



Most unusual



Best craftsmanship



Most original During flight kites could be judged for:



First kite in the air



Highest after 5 minutes



Highest after 15 minutes



Most stable flying



Most graceful in the air



Fastest climbing



Best sportsmanship (boy)



Most persistent flier (boy)

In addition, prizes should be given to the winners of contests KITE FLYING SAFETY RULES •

Always fly a kite far from electric or power lines, transmission towers, TV and radio antennaes, and ponds.



Fly a kite on days when there is no rain. Never fly a kite in a thunderstorm.



Use wood, fabric, paper, or plastic in the kite. Never use metal in making a kite.



Always use dry string. Never use wire for a kite line.



When flying a kite, avoid public streets, highways, or railroad rights-of-way.



If your kite gets snagged in a power line, treetop, roof, or on a high pole, never try to remove it.

100-YARD DASH Contest starts on signal with launching in any manner. Kites must be flown to the end of a 100-yard cord and then wound back to the hand of the flier. An assistant may remain under the kite as it is wound in to catch it before it falls to the ground. The race ends when the flier has rewound all his cord. At the finish, the flier must be on the starting line with his wound kite in his hand. ALTITUDE RACE Fliers start on signal and run out from the flying line, working the kite up to its highest possible altitude. At the end of 5 minutes, all fliers return to the starting line. The kites at the lowest elevation are then ordered down. The judges determine which kite is flying the highest.

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MESSENGER RACE All players send their kites up to a specific length of line-about 50 yards. A paper messenger is attached to the flying lines and allowed to blow up the kite. The boy whose messenger first reaches his kite wins the race. GLIDER DERBY A glider or plane derby can be a very enjoyable pack event when the rules are kept simple and uncomplicated. Follow the guidelines for planning special pack events. In a glider or plane derby, the object is to keep the craft in the air as long as possible. The most important official is the timer, who must be equipped with a stopwatch. If the pack is large, you may wish to have two or three timers so that several planes can be in the air at the same time. A simple derby involves only one type of glider or plane. Kits for balso gliders and rubber-band-powered planes are available at any hobby or variety store. They are put together with the boy, with help from an adult, and flown without modification of parts, other than the shifting or bending of wings. The derby committee may wish to purchase all kits at the same time to save trouble and expense and distribute them to the boys before the derby. GLIDER OR PLANE DERBY RULES •

Timing begins the instant the model is released for flight. Time ends when the model touches the ground, hits an obstruction, or passes from the sight of the timer. The timer may move in any direction (not more than 200 feet) from the take-off point to keep the model in sight, so long as he remains on the ground.



All boys must launch their own models. The model shall not be launched from a height greater than the flier's normal reach from the ground.



Specify the number of rubber bands permitted for each plane.



Specify if lubrication of rubber bands is permitted.



It is suggested, if time permits, that the flier's score be the total elapsed time of three best flights out of five, or the best two out of three.

TIPS FOR FLYING GLIDERS •

A glider should be launched by throwing it as if it were a baseball, except the hand should be well over the head on release. The glider's fuselage is held firmly with thumb and forefinger. The glider should be held so that the wings are banked 45 degrees or more. This will put it into a right turn (if launched by a right-hander). The nose should be pointed up at a 45-t to 60 -degree angle. Rudder should be set for a left turn.



After launching, the glider should start a right-climbing turn. The turn decreases as it climbs, unti finally at the top it levels off. Then left-turn adjustments take over, and the model should glide down in a smooth left circle.



Lifting power can be increased by increasing the camber or arch in the wings. Hold the wing close to the mouth and exhale heavily upon the wood, bending it gently at the same time. This adds moisture to the balsa and tends to keep the camber in.



If the glider dives, slide the wing toward the nose.



If the glider dips, slide the wing toward the tail.



The rudder can be bent in the same way as the wings by moistening the wood with your breath.

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WEBELOS SCOUTS "WE'LL BE LOYAL SCOUTS" Although WEBELOS Scouts are still an integral part of Cub Scouting, with the same purposes, it is a transitional program. It is moving the boys from a family based program in which the parents approve work, to a unit leader led program where the WEBELOS den leader must approve advancement. It is a transition from the simpler Cub Scouting program and ideals to the more challenging program of Boy Scouting and the more complex ideals of the Scout Oath and Law. It is a transition from the home and neighborhood based Cub Scouting to the wider world of Boy Scout camping, hiking and the wilderness. WEBELOS Den Leaders have two objectives: Provide every WEBELOS Scout the opportunity to earn his Arrow of Light. Lead and successfully coach the boys to the threshold of a positive Boy Scouting experience. The mission of the WEBELOS program is to provide activities that are fun for boys and meet their needs, interests, desires and contribute to their growth. The goal of the WEBELOS den is to hold a boy in the Cub Scout pack and graduate him into a troop. That's why a quality program is of such importance. Test your knowledge with this Webelos Leader Outdoor Quiz. 1.

How many Webelos parent-son overnight campouts are permitted in a year?

2.

Who is responsible for the Webelos Scouts on the overnight?

3.

Who is responsible for the planning, organizing and leading the overnight?

4.

What do you do if all parents can't go?

5.

How do you get tentage and equipment?

6.

Who cooks the meals?

7.

What kind of meals should be planned?

8.

What should be done with empty bottles before leaving the camp grounds?

9.

What about empty cans?

10. What do you do with garbage? With trash? 11. What is the easiest way of handling dish washing? 12. What is a slit trench latrine? 13. What do you do if drinking water isn't available at the campsite? 14. How can transportation best be handled? 15. List some good Webelos camp activities? 16. The first step to a successful Webelos den overnight is a meeting of ____ ? 17. Webelos den overnights away from home can use a good guide to safe practices by securing a _____ from the local council? 18. If your overnight camp is located where swimming and boating are possible, you should use the ___ ___ ___ for help in conducting your swim program. 19. All overnights should be conducted with the ___ and ___ of the boys in mind. 20. What things should be avoided on hikes?

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ANSWERS 1. There is no limit 2. Their parents or guardians 3. The Webelos Den Leader, with the help of the assistant den leader, Webelos den chief and the parents. 4. The family should get another parent or adult family member, neighbor or friend to take the boy. 5. Parents can be asked to furnish it or borrow it from the local Scout troop. 6. Parents and sons form buddy teams. 7. Simple, such as heat and serve. 8. They should be washed and taken home. 9. They should be burned out in the fire and when burned, flattened then taken home. 10. Webelos garbage should be dried beside the fire and burned with the trash. Nothing should be buried. 11. Suggest that paper plates and cups and plastic utensils be used. Cooking utensils can be washed in hot water and detergent. 12. A sanitary facility. A slit trench is dug away from the camp and screened for privacy. The dirt is piled to one side with a paddle stuck in the dirt pile. After each use of the latrine, the paddle is used to spread a layer of dirt in trench. 13. Have each parent and son bring water from home in plastic jugs or other closed-top containers. About 3 gallons per team. 14. Use private cars with parents driving. Don't overcrowd cars. Remember, one seat belt per passenger. 15. Flag raising, lowering, campfire program, games and Sunday morning service, fishing, swimming or conservation projects. 16. The Webelos den leader with parents. 17. Local Tour Permit 18. Safe Swim Defense 19. Health and Safety 20. Heavily traveled highways, private property, railroad tracks, natural hazards such as fast-moving streams, steep cliffs and loose rocks.

The WEBELOS den does not operate with the recommended monthly themes. Instead, it uses a monthly activity badge focus. Part of each month's activity badge program should include something to do at the pack meeting. This could be a fitness demonstration or a display of projects. The point is that the WEBELOS den should remain an integral part of the pack, and should have a part in each pack meeting. The suggested pattern for completion of the activity pins is as follows. Following this pattern enables a boy to receive his WEBELOS badge in February of his first year and the Arrow of Light in February of his second year. January February March April May June July August September October November December

Fitness, Readyman Scholar, Engineer Handyman, Engineer Sportsman, Athlete Outdoorsman, Family Member Traveler, Artist Aquanaut, Geologist Naturalist, Forester Communicator, Scientist Showman, Scientist Craftsman, Citizen Craftsman, Citizen

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WEBELOS TO SCOUT TRANSITION Webelos-To-Scout Transition, one of the hottest subjects within Scouting circles. Every graduating Webelos Scout deserves the opportunity to continue his Scouting experience as a member of a Boy Scout troop. Many Webelos Scouts go on to Boy Scouting with no help at all, but a lot of them need to know more about their opportunities for fun and adventure in the troop. That is the purpose of the Webelos-to-Scout transition plan: to give every Webelos Scout a sampling of the troop program, troop leadership, advancement opportunities, and the fun and excitement of Boy Scouting. We also must let him know that he is wanted. HOW IT WORKS The Webelos-To-Scout transition plan offers a clear path into Boy Scouting for every Webelos Scout, beginning early in his firth-grade year. By linking his Webelos den and a Boy Scout troop in transition partnership, he is provided an opportunity, through joint activities, to sample the fun of Boy Scouting. As his Webelos advancement plan helps him prepare for Boy Scout advancement, he might also learn more about Boy Scouting through council and district activities designed to support the transition plan. In the early spring, after he has earned the Arrow of Light, he graduates with the other members of his den into the troop. DEN – TROOP PARTNERSHIP The key factor in the transition process is the establishment of a working partnership between the Webelos den and the Boy Scout troop that most of the Webelos Scouts will join. This partnership should be firmly in place by the start of the Webelos Scouts' fifth-grade year. Every fifth-grade Webelos den should be linked to a troop, and every troop should have one of more Webelos dens as partners. Of course, in many cases these partnerships already exist, and have been effective for many years. But some Webelos dens are not linked to troops, and need help from their district in establishing a partnership. Similarly, troops with no "feeder" Webelos dens might need help. No Webelos Scout should start his fifth-grade year without a clear path ahead of him that leads to a Boy Scout troop. JOINT ACTIVITIES The partner troop may provide Webelos den chiefs for the pack, as well as assistance in planning and conducting outdoor activities, but the most important result of the den/troop partnership is the experience of joint activities. The fifth-grade Webelos den and the troop should hold several activities together, including one or tow joint campouts. The den could also join the troop in a court of honor, campfire program, day hike, field trip, or joint Good Turn for the chartered organization or community. Visiting a camporee or district or council Boy Scout event as guests of the troop might also be included. Through these joint activities, Webelos Scouts not only learn of the fun of Boy Scouting, they also get acquainted with the individual Scouts in the troop. When the time comes to move into Boy Scouting, it is not longer a leap into the unknown, but a step into an already familiar and friendly WEBELOS ADVANCEMENT The Webelos Scout advancement pattern has been developed to lead naturally to earning the Webelos badge in the fourth-grade year and the Arrow of Light Award in the fifth-grade, but still allows boys who join the Webelos den as fifth-graders (or 10 year-olds) to earn both ranks. By following the pattern detailed in the Webelos Scout Program Helps, the Webelos den leader will ensure that most Webelos Scouts will earn the Webelos badge in January of the fourth-grade year and the Arrow of Light Award in January or February of the fifth-grade year.

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The Webelos Scout advancement plan has three parts. The Webelos badge, the 20 activity badges, and the Arrow of Light. As soon as a boy joins the Webelos den he begins working immediately on the Webelos activity badges and the requirements for the Webelos rank. After he has earned the Webelos badge, he begins work on the requirements for the Arrow of Light award. As he is earning these he is required to earn eight of the 20 available activity badges. Certain activity badges are required for earning the Webelos badge and the Arrow of Light award, while others may be selected by the boy. The 20 activity badges are hobby and career fields ranging for science to sports. After completing the Webelos badge, the Webelos Scout may receive compass points for earning additional activity badges. The Compass Points emblem is presented to the boy who has earned four activity badges in addition to those required for the Webelos badge (a total of seven). A metal compass point is awarded for each additional four activity badges earned. The Arrow of Light Award is the highest award a boy can earn in Cub Scouting and is the only Cub Scout badge that he can wear on his Boy Scout uniform. Meaningful advancement ceremonies are important. Troop representatives should be involved in pack graduation ceremonies. DEN TO PATROL Webelos Scouting and Boy Scouting have been designed to neatly dovetail together, and the Webelos den can move right into the troop as a new Scout patrol. When the whole den moves into Boy Scouting together, they continue to provide friendship and support to each other, which allows each boy to make a smooth transition with his friends into the troop.

ACTIVITY PINS AQUANAUT The Aquanaut Activity Badge teaches swimming skills, water and boat safety, and snorkeling. Aquanaut is in the Physical Skills group. Objectives To teach safety precautions on, in, or near the water. To increase the boys' swimming skills and endurance. To introduce Webelos to snorkeling. Where to go and what to do Have a pack meeting at a local pool. Be sure to make a reservation! Have a splash party for your Webelos and allow them to bring their friends (a good recruiting idea). Alternately, have a parent and scout swim coupled with swim tests and instruction in using fins, mask and snorkel Demonstrate boat safety and practice at a local body of water. Watch the sun set from offshore. Invite a scuba diving expert to a den meeting to tell about his equipment and activities. Invite a Boy Scout who has recently visited the Florida High Adventure Camp and who is skilled in snorkeling and scuba diving to tell about his experiences. Ask Boy Scouts to demonstrate and teach water rescue techniques. GAMES FOR AQUANAUT YACHT RACE Line your gang at one end of the swimming area, giving each racer a soda straw and a small sailboat made of a flat board, an upright stick and paper sail. Make the sailboats as much alike as possible so that everyone has the same chance of winning. The Cub Scout regatta boats could also be used. On a signal, the swimmers must begin to blow their craft forward by puffing through their soda straws. The use of hands

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to put the boats back on course is forbidden. Whoever blows his boat across the finish line first is the winner. NUTS AND BOLTS A good way to get used to being underwater is to play this game. Toss a large bolt with a nut on it into waist-deep water. Bend down to find the bolt and unscrew the nut while you are under the water. If you can't finish the job, you must drop the bolt, come up for air and go down again until you have separated the two. When they are separated, straighten up to show them, throw them in again and go under to replace the nut on the bolt. This may be played individually or as a team relay game. Note: Be careful of throwing these bolts into a plastic lined swimming pool so you do not damage the liner. Be sure to remove all nuts and bolts after the game so they do not rust and stain the lining of the pool. FIND THE NUMBER About 20 large, flat rocks are plainly marked on both sides with numbers ranging from one to five. These are thrown into water that may be from two to six feet deep, depending on the swimming ability of your group. On a signal, everybody dunks to try to bring back as many numbered rocks as possible to his station on shore. Only one rock may be carried at a time. The player who collects the highest total when the numbers on his rocks are added up is the winner. Any flat, non-floating objects may be used instead of rocks. ARTIST

Part of the Mental Skills group, the Artist Activity Badge is an excellent way for a Scout to express himself and an opportunity for him to try working in a new art media. OBJECTIVES To allow Webelos to experiment with different art media. To give boys a sense of pride and accomplishment in their work. To familiarize Webelos with the color wheel. To introduce Webelos to various supplies. Where to go and what to do Visit museums or local galleries. Arrange to have a local architect explain his business to your den. Have him show how to read a blueprint. Have each Webelos make a logo for himself or his family. He can get inspiration from looking at business logos. Use various drafting tools to make a design. Invite the school art teacher to demonstrate various art media. Reproduce a pattern using a grid technique and make a project. Have the boys design a patch for a council, district, pack, or den activity. Learn how embroidered patches are made and how colors are used. Design a Badge-a-Mint button and make several to commemorate a special occasion. PROJECTS Make a Brush Holder - Use spring-type clothespins to hold brushes, use a tuna can for your brush cleaner. Your designs can vary, use your imagination. After using the cleaning liquid or rinse in the tuna can, let the brush hand and drip dry, clamp them in clothespins. By hanging the brush, the shape of the brush will be maintained and not get damaged. This is especially important for your fine detail brushes. MAKE YOUR OWN CHALK AND PASTELS MATERIALS: Plaster, food coloring or powdered tempera, 1 (1 lb.) plastic margarine tub for each color. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Fill margarine tub 1/3 full of water. Sprinkle plaster on water until it looks like no more plaster can be absorbed. Then add a little more plaster and stir. Add enough food coloring or powdered tempera to get desired color. Let plaster harden for about 30 minutes. Then, with a kitchen knife, slice colored plaster into 1" strips. Let it dry in the tub for another hour. Then run knife around edges of plaster to separate it from tub. Chalk with come out easily.

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5.

Spread chalk on waxed paper and let it dry overnight.

GAMES FOR ARTIST ZOO GAME Equipment: Sheet of plain wrapping paper try each team. Divide den into two teams. Game: Teams line up in relay fashion. On a signal, the first boy on each team runs to a leader who gives him the name of an animal. The boy goes to the paper and draws his subject. When his team recognizes what he as drawn, the next boy tells the leader. If correct, his is told what to draw until his team guesses it. The game continues until all have drawn an animal. First team through wins. DRAW THE CLOWN FACE Each boy is blindfolded and asked to draw a picture of a clown. After each boy has finished, the boys try to find their own drawing. You may have many winners, and you may not have a winner at all. Have the boys make frames for these pictures and display them at a pack meeting. See if the parents can locate their son's drawing. ATHELETE Part of the Physical Skills group. An activity where a boy can really "Do His Best". OBJECTIVES To encourage pride in growing strong in mind and body. To foster a sense of personal achievement by developing new skills and interests. To convince boys that fitness is essential to good health. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Attend high school track and field meets, football games, etc. Use a local gymnasium for a den or pack Olympics. Attend a professional sports event. Invite a high school athlete to discuss his training, including the importance of diet and rest. Set up and run a physical fitness obstacle course and run it as a race. WHAT IS AN ATHLETE? An athlete is one who keeps his body physically fit... strong, graceful, coordinated and agile...a desire of practically every boy. Tell your boys about the athlete and what it takes to become one. Impress them with the fact that the body is a priceless gift and only a few minutes of exercise each day are required to keep it physically fit. By adequate exercise, getting the proper food each day - adequate servings from the four food groups - and taking care himself, a boy can become an athlete. The activities of the Athlete Activity Badge can help a boy measure up to the standards of strength, agility, endurance and coordination necessary for good active Boy Scouting and activities in later life. Many Webelos leaders use Athlete as the first badge a boy earns upon joining the den. This starts off their year in Webelos with an early badge to inspire them onward. By laying out a permanent, accurately measured 50-yard dash and 600-yard run neat your meeting place, you can easily test your new Webelos in less than half an hour. Use a stopwatch when timing these sprint and distance runs. As the boy completes the requirements, fill in Column 1 of his Fitness Progress Chart in his Webelos book. For fun and to stimulate interest in improving their physical abilities, use some of the dual contests found in the Webelos Book and the Program Helps. To be an athlete, a person must be physically fit. This means he can rise to each task with bounce and enthusiasm and enjoy life mote than anyone who is physically unfit. If he is fit as a boy, he can be fit as a man. REMEMBER: When putting boys to any test, the important thing is that they do their best! So don't compare and expect the same of all; let each set his Personal Best goal. "Give them encouragement and praise their skill, and you'll find they will strive their best to fulfill".

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Obstacle Course Here are some suggestions for course obstacles, depending on the abilities of the boys. Missed obstacles have to be repeated. 1. For hand-over-hand crossing obstacle, use a 12' ladder raised 6' above the ground. 2.

Old tires from a service station placed flat on ground for broken field running obstacle.

3.

Three sawhorses to jump over and under.

4.

Tarp, 6'x8' (or larger) on ground for somersault.

5.

Curved 2' wide path, marked by string or by other means. Runner must stay in bounds.

6.

Wooden 2x4, 10' long, laid on the ground with narrow side up to cross without losing balance. Peg the board at intervals to prevent it from wobbling.

7.

Large carton or crate to crawl through.

8.

For hand-over-hand climb, use 9' knotted rope or broomstick rope ladder.

9.

Series of 2' and 4' high boxes to dive over head first, landing on hands.

10. Ladder laid of bricks or boards about 6" off of the ground. Run fast through the ladder rungs. 11. Marked path to the finish line. CITIZEN One of the purposes of Cub Scouting is "Developing habits and attitudes of good citizenship". A Scout promises to do his duty to his country. The Citizen Activity Badge helps the Webelos understand what a good citizen is and teaches him the history of our flag. Citizen Activity Badge is in the Community group. OBJECTIVES To foster citizenship in Webelos. To teach boys to recognize the qualities of a good citizen. To introduce boys to the structure of the U.S. government. To familiarize boys with basics of American history. To convince boys that laws are beneficial. To encourage Webelos to become community volunteers. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Invite a guest speaker from a local board to explain his duties and tell the Webelos why he volunteers his time. Buy a packet of used U.S. commemorative stamps. Distribute several to the Webelos and challenge them to discover the "story behind the stamp". At the following meeting allow each boy ample time to describe his stamps and their significance. Attend a local city council meeting. Do a Good Turn by conducting a litter pickup campaign. Have each Webelos write a letter to his Senator or Congressman to express an opinion on an issue. It would be especially interesting if two Webelos wrote an opinion about opposite sides of the same issue. See what responses you receive. Encourage Webelos to fly a flag at home particularly on appropriate flag holidays. Arrange for the Webelos den to do a community service project. GOOD TURN IDEAS Give some of the toys the Webelos may have made as part of the Craftsman badge to needy children. Use Craftsman skills to repair and refurbish toys for the same purpose. Give a holiday party for children or adults in a residential situation. Plan games, songs, small gifts, party favors, and treats. Participate in the Food Drive in the fall to stock good pantries for needy families. Collect toilet articles and used clothing for the homeless. Salvage used books to be sold at the public library or to be used to set up libraries for children or adults in a residential situation. Read to someone who cannot see. Provide snow shoveling, yard care, errand service, or other aid to an elderly person or couple in your America’ Pride, America’s Future

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neighborhood. GAMES NEWSPAPER STUDY GAME - for dens or small groups Equipment: One current newspaper per den Teams gather in groups, each with the same day's issue of a newspaper. On signal, teams start a search for news items that definitely illustrate the 12 points of the Scout Law. Items are cut out and numbered according to the point of the law. Team with the most clippings in a given time wins. Strategy: The smart team leaders distribute pages among his team members. DO YOU KNOW YOUR FLAG? When the Stars and Stripes first became our national flag, no one was sure just what the design of the flag should be. Since the time of that first flag, official descriptions of the national colors have been very careful and clear. Not only is the design of the flag carefully described today, but there are many special rules for displaying it. The following questions are based on the universal flag code of the United States. See how many you and your Webelos den can answer correctly. Some of these questions are tricky. 1.

The flag is raised (a) slowly; (b) briskly; (c) at any speed that is comfortable.

2.

If you carry the flag in a parade and passed before the President of the United States, you would dip the flag slightly in salute to the President as you walked past him. True or False?

3.

The flag must never be lowered no matter how bad the weather conditions. True or False?

4.

The flag is never allowed to fly after daylight hours anywhere in the world. True or False?

5.

When the flag is carried in a procession or on other occasions, it is escorted by an honor guard. True or False?

6.

The flag's honor guard walks (a) on the flag's right; (b) just behind the flag; (c) on both sides of the flag.

7.

If you are a Cub Scout, Webelos, Boy Scout, or Explorer, you always give the Cub Scout, or Explorer salute to the flag even when you are not in uniform. True or False?

8.

When you carry the flag in a parade with other flags, the U. S. flag must go on the left of and in line with the other flags. True or False?

Answers: 1. (b) briskly - it's a happy occasion! 2. False. The flag is never dipped to anyone.. 3. False. The flag is not flown in bad weather. 4. False. Although it is the custom to display the flag only from sunrise to sunset, there is not law prohibiting its being flown both day and night. 5. True. 6. (c) on both sides of the flag. 7. False. When you are in civilian clothes, you remove your hat and place your hand over your heart when the flag passes 8. False. It is carried at the right of the other flags or at the front and center of a line of other flags. COMMUNICATOR

Part of the Community group. The activities required for this badge help a Webelos Scout to understand how he and others communicate. OBJECTIVES To learn about various forms of communication problems that other people may have. To become aware of different ways that people can communicate. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Visit a local newspaper office, radio station, cable TV station. Have a visually impaired, hearing impaired, or speech impaired person or a teacher for those with these impairments explain their compensatory forms of communication.

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At the local library, find books about secret codes and various forms of communications. Visit the base of a ham radio operator. Have a parent who uses a computer in his/her job explain its functions. Visit a travel agent to see how a computer is used to book a flight. This could also be used as part of the Traveler Activity Badge, as you determine cost per mile of various modes of transportation. Learn the Cub Scout Promise or Boy Scout oath in sign language. ACTIVITIES Know To Whom You're Speaking (A skit) The captain of a ship saw what looked like the lights of another ship heading toward him. He ordered his signalman to contact the other ship. The message was: "Change your course 10 degrees to the south". The reply was: "Change YOUR course 10 degrees to the north". Then the captain said: "I am a captain, so you change YOUR course 10 degrees to the south". The reply was: "I am a seaman first class - change YOUR course 10 degrees to the north." This last exchange infuriated the captain, so he signaled back: "I am a battleship -change YOUR course 10 degrees to the south". The reply was: "I am a lighthouse. Change YOUR course 10 degrees to the north!" DEN ACTIVITIES Have the boys use their knowledge of communications to set up a den newsletter with a calendar of upcoming events, a listing of supplies needed for future den meetings, a reporting of den activities, and acknowledgments of people who have helped with recent den programming. WIN-LOSE-OR-DRAW! - two teams Divide into two teams. The equipment you will need for this activity includes a one-minute timer, drawing marker, a pad of newsprint on an easel and a box with object cards in it. One member of a team chooses an object card and tries to draw it on the newsprint. His team tries to guess what he is drawing within one minute. If the team guesses the object, then they get three points. But if the team is unsuccessful, the drawing is passed to the other team to guess within 30 seconds. An accurate guess is worth 2 points. If they, too, are not successful, guessing is opened up to both teams together for another 30 seconds, and an accurate guess is worth only 1 point. Play continues when the second team chooses an object card and draws it. The winner is the team with the most points after a designated period of time. Charades are not allowed for hints! IDEAS FOR OBJECT CARDS Blue and Gold

U.S. Flag

Cub Scout

Neckerchief Slide

Award

Cubmaster

Table Decorations

Parents

Den

Summer Activity Award

Bobcat

Campfire

Pack Flag

Council Patch

Bear

Pinewood Derby

Wolf

Tiger

Arrow of Light

Skit

Applause

Webelos Activity Badge

Uniform

Webelos

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PANTOMIMES This amusing way for expressing actions and moods will cause boys and parents more fun than you can imagine. A fun way to start is to have boys in a circle. Leader makes an action and players exaggerate their version. Then, make up your own mime and have fun! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Say with your hand, "Stop!" (Raise palm up.) Say with your head, "Yes!" (Nod). Say with you shoulder, "I bumped the door". (Bump shoulder vigorously) Say with your foot, "I'm waiting" (Tap toes impatiently on floor) Say with your ear, "I hear something." (Tilt ear upward and look sideways) Say with your waist, "I'm dancing." (Sway hips) Say with your jaw, "I'm surprised!" (Drop jaw suddenly) Say with your tongue, "Yum, this tastes good." (Lick lips) Say with your finger, "Come here." (Beckon with finger." Say with your fingers, "This is hot!" (Jerk fingers away from imaginary hot object) Say with your nose, "I smell fresh pie." (Sniff in appreciation.)

A favorite of most boys because it offers the opportunity to use real tools and feel the satisfaction of making something useful. CRAFTSMAN OBJECTIVES To introduce boys to possible life-long hobbies. To increase boys' proficiency in the handling of tools. To increase boys' knowledge of tool terminology and safety. To develop Webelos' creativity. GAMES Toothpick Castle Building - Give each boy ten flat toothpicks. Boys take turns placing one toothpick on top of an open soda bottle. The boy whose toothpick causes the "castle" to fall gives his remaining toothpicks to the boy behind him. The one with the most toothpicks at the end wins. Tool Box Sort Out - Use an egg carton for the tool box. Have an assortment of nuts, bolts, screws, etc., to be sorted. The first boy to sort by size in the proper places in the "tool box" wins. Twenty Questions - Each boy has five minutes to write down twenty things it takes to BUILD a house. First one to get 20 items wins. Nail Driving Contest - Into 4x4's. Individual or relay race style. Fewest number of strokes, not the "fastest". Safer. ACTIVITY Sun catchers - Draw design on paper, trace on heavy plastic sheet and cut out. Tear tissue paper in colors appropriate for design into small pieces. Brush Elmer's Glue-all on a small area on the back of the plastic shape. Place a piece of tissue on the moist glue and then brush a thin coat of glue over the tissue. Repeat with more tissue overlapping as you go. Add details on the front with a marker. Punch hole, insert string, and hang in window. ENGINEER Boys have a natural interest in how things work. The Engineer Activity Badge gives an introduction to how the big things in our lives work, such as things that we take for granted in our houses and our communities. Engineer is in the Technology group.

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OBJECTIVES To introduce Webelos to a variety of engineering careers. To give the Webelos some insight into the kinds of problems engineers solve. Keep in mind that an engineer's job is to apply the laws of physics and chemistry to solve a variety of problems in construction, manufacturing, and other areas. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Measure the dimensions of your meeting place and include the locations of doors and windows. Show how to sketch a simple floor plan with these measurements. Make a block and tackle and demonstrate its use. Make catapults and have a contest. Demonstrate for the pack meeting. Have a resource person demonstrate the use of drafting tools. Invite an engineer (of whatever kind) to a den meeting to tell about his job. Invite a surveyor to tell about his job and tools. Invent a machine to do a task. You might even have fun concocting a "Rube Goldberg" invention. Visit a construction site with a contractor. Ask him to explain the use of blue prints and the order of construction. Have someone explain how to read topographic maps. FAMILY MEMBER

One of the purposes of Cub Scouting is "Improving understanding within the family". Family Member Activity Badge has the Webelos working and planning with his family. Family Member is in the Community group of badges. OBJECTIVES To help Webelos develop a sense of family responsibility. To help the boys see how finances affect their families. To help Webelos gain insight into the running of a household. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Invite a Mom to talk to the boys about clothes washing. Announce that next week's meeting will be at the local laundromat. Each Webelos is to bring a load of wash, soap, and change for the washer and dryer. Better bring a Mom along, too. Invite a professional housecleaner to tell the Webelos about his/her job and short cuts for cleaning. Use this information in a cleanup project for the chartering organization. Have a den car wash. Do a craft project that includes hand or machine sewing and sewing on buttons. How about learning to sew on uniform patches? Invite a dietician to a den meeting to talk about the food groups and menu planning. Plan menus for your next campout. This may also apply to the Physical Fitness Activity Badge. Cook breakfast as a den. Meet at a forest preserve and cook pancakes on the grill. Inspect your den site for safety hazards. How can they be corrected? Plan some fun den-family outings. Invite the families and do them! FITNESS Fitness is important to everybody. The Fitness Activity Badge teaches what is necessary to maintain a healthy life-style. Fitness is part of the Physical Skills group. OBJECTIVES To show Webelos how to be strong in body and to make them aware of substances which will weaken their bodies. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Visit with a dietician and talk about the food groups and planning meals. America’ Pride, America’s Future

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Visit a dentist's office and talk about dental health. Talk with an aerobics instructor about exercising. Have a doctor visit your den and talk about tobacco abuse. Keep a chart of what you eat for a whole week and record the foods in columns for the basic food groups and one more for "junk food". Have a pharmacist visit your den and talk about the use and abuse of drugs and safe handling of medicines. EXERCISE Here's an exercise that's great for your heart and lungs, and great fun too! Some people call Dancerobics. You can do it alone or with your friends. All you need are your running shoes and some fast-paced music. Try doing the following steps to the rhythm of the music. Start slowly, but keep moving! 1.

Jog in place for 30 seconds. Keep your back straight, chin up, and arms bent at your sides.

2.

Jog forward a few steps and clap your hands.

3.

Jog backward a few steps and clap again.

4.

Jump up and down on both feet 10 times. Remember to breathe!

5.

Jog in a circle and wave your arms.

6.

Make a circle the other way and wave again.

7.

Pretend you are jumping rope. Jump high and make big circles with your arms. Keep jumping for about 30 seconds.

FORESTER The Forester Activity Badge is part of the Outdoor group. The Webelos will learn how to identify the trees around them, how trees grow, and how to prevent forest fires. OBJECTIVES To make boys more observant and appreciative of trees. To instill the idea of conservation in Webelos. To teach boys the value and uses of trees. To make Webelos aware of devastation due to wildlife. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Visit a lumber yard, a sawmill, or a tree farm. Spend a den meeting teaching Webelos how to measure tree heights (see Official Boy Scout Handbook ). Contact a local tree service and see if you arrange to have the den watch a crew "in action". Plant saplings in the spring as a conservation project, SKIT Saps Through the Trees (skit) CAST: Den Leader, Webelos, 5 or 6 Parents, Den Chief PROPS: Signs with different tree names, like Red Oak, Maple, Ash, etc., one for each parent. Den Leader announces he is going to teach his den all he knows about trees, but he needs the help of the parents. He then calls parents up one at a time and gives each parent a sign to hold. He spaces his forest of parents across the room so there is enough room to walk between each 'tree'. The Den Leader lines his den in a single file row behind himself. He calls out, "Follow me!" The leader then runs a zig-zag pattern between the trees with Webelos right behind. The Den chief, looking puzzled, stops the leader and asks, "What are you doing?" The answers, "I'm teaching my Webelos how saps run through the trees.

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LEAF COLLECTIONS Dry Leaf Collection - Put each leaf between a separate sheet of newspaper. Put several folds of newspaper on top of and underneath the sheets you are using to press the leaves. Put something heavy on top until the leaves are presses out and dry. Crayon Print - Lay a leaf on the table with vein side up. Put a clean sheet of paper on top of it. Hold the leaf in place with your hand and make parallel strokes back and forth over the leaf with your crayon until the print shows on your paper. Ink Pad Leaf Prints - Put a leaf, vein side down, on your ink pad. Cover it with a piece of newspaper and rub your hand back and forth over it. Then put the leaf, ink side down, on a clean sheet of paper. Put a newspaper over it again and rub. Paraffin Coated Leaves - Melt paraffin in a double boiler. When it is melted, turn off the heat. Dip one leaf at a time into the melted wax. Shake off the extra drops of wax into the pan. Hold the leaf until the wax hardens, then lay it on waxed paper. Using this method, you can get the leaves in their green color, or in the brilliant colors of autumn. GEOLOGIST Discover the world of volcanoes and learn why there are earthquakes. Find out what minerals are used in our everyday lives. Geologist is in the Outdoor group of Activity Badges. OBJECTIVES To teach boys to recognize common rock specimens. To acquaint boys with uses of different rocks and minerals. To make boys aware of the earth and its resources. To introduce boys to earth's devastating forces. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Have a contractor tell the den about construction materials. Make a rock collection. Make your own fossils. Under the supervision of a knowledgeable adult, have the den build a "live" volcano. Construct a geyser to see how it works. MAKE A VOLCANO MATERIALS 12-inch-square wood for base aluminum foil baking soda vinegar red food coloring newspaper and wallpaper paste 1.

Make a cone-shaped base for papier-mâché by sticking pieces of coat hanger in wood base diagonally. Fill in under wires with wadded aluminum foil.

2.

Cover cone with papier-mâché. Leave an opening in top where jar lid can be set. Let dry.

3.

Paint with tempera or acrylic paint.

4.

Set jar lid upside down in top of volcano.

5.

To make volcano erupt, place about 1 teaspoon of baking soda in the jar lid. Add ¼ cup vinegar mixed with a little red good coloring and watch the action. This is safe to use indoors.

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HANDYMAN Scouts learn how to make minor repairs at home and around the garage. They also learn how to take care of tools and their proper use. Handyman is part of the Technology group of Activity Badges. OBJECTIVES To acquaint Webelos with odd jobs that they could do to help out around their homes. To help Webelos learn the proper care and storage of tools. To make Webelos aware of the importance of the proper storage of household chemicals. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Have a clinic on the care and repair of bicycles. Set it up like a shop and have each boy bring his bike and do repairs, etc. Demonstrate different ways to mark tools for ownership identification. Hold a nail hammering contest. See who can hammer a nail in the fewest number of strokes. Visit a good home workshop and have the owner explain the use, storage and care of tools. Arrange a visit to a service/repair station. Have a mechanic explain the use of different types of equipment. He may show how to check oil levels, fluids and belts, tire pressure, and change light bulbs in a car. Organize a pack car wash. Organize a pack bike rodeo

SCHOLAR One of the Mental Skills group of Activity Badges. The Scholar Activity Badge experience can help to improve the Webelos' relationship with their school. It will help the Scout understand why an education is important. When presented with interest and enthusiasm from the leader, this badge will not seem like drudged up school work! Help the boys to learn that there is more to school than just homework. OBJECTIVES To familiarize Webelos with "roots" of a school system. To convince Webelos that schooling is essential. To introduce Webelos to careers in education. To teach Webelos the benefits of a good education. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Plan a trip to the library to have the librarian demonstrate the use of a microfilm or microfiche viewer. Be sure to make a reservation. Look for the news of the day each boy was born. Invite the parents of Webelos to come to a den meeting dressed in the type of clothes they wore to school. Have them bring along such things as class pictures, yearbooks, report cards, etc., and allow each ample time to share his/her school days with the den. Have a panel of parents with various jobs explain their schooling and training for these jobs. Invite an educator to talk with the den about some of the scholar requirements. Do a service project for your school. Contact the parent-teacher organization of your school and offer to do a flag ceremony at their next meeting. Perhaps the Webelos could report to the organization about their work on the Scholar Activity Badge.

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Briefly visit a school board meeting. Let them know you are coming. They may be interested to know the boys are working on the Scholar Activity Badge. BRAIN TEASERS Take the number of pennies in a dollar. Multiply by the number of thirds in a circle. Divide by the number of inches in a foot of string. Subtract the number of nickels in a quarter. Answer: 20. Take the number of toes on both feet. Multiply by the number of pints in a quart. Add the number of months in half a year. Subtract the number of thumbs on two hands. Divide by a dozen oranges. SKIT Old Enough (A skit) One Webelos tells the audience that he can tell a person's age. He tells a person to add 90 to his age and to cross off the first digit of the answer. Add the digit to the remaining two digits and tell the answer. The boy adds 9 to that answer and gets the person's age.

SCIENTIST Everyone likes to experiment. The Scientist Activity Badge will teach some of the basic laws of science and how to prove them through experiment. Scientist is the Technology group of badges. OBJECTIVES To acquaint Webelos with basic laws of physics. To give boys the opportunity to perform experiments. To introduce boys to atmospheric science. To teach boys a little about optics. To demonstrate a few "mysteries" of science. WHAT TO DO AND WHERE TO GO Visit an optometrist's or ophthalmologist's office and ask him/her to explain the tools of the trade. Arrange to have the boys visit a school science lab to see those tools. Grow crystals or a coal garden. Remember the Scientist Activity Badge is a "doing" badge, not a "watching" badge. For best results, follow this procedure: 1.

Demonstrate the experiment.

2.

Explain the experiment.

3.

Ask questions to test understanding.

4.

Allow Webelos to do experiment.

5.

Have each boy log the experiment.

BALANCE Materials: 3 baseball bats of similar size. Procedure: Point the handles of the bats together so that they form a "Y". Slide the handles of the lower bat over the handle of the bat to the left. Slide the handle of the bat to the f\right under the handle of the bat to the left and over the handle of the lower bat. The bats should form a low solid stool. Explanation: Due to interlocking arrangement, each bat supports another making this a simple experiment not only in balance, but also in structural engineering. Materials: 2 table forks, a drinking glass and a coin chosen for its size.

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Procedure: Point the prongs of the first in a inward direction and thrust them together so that the forks are interlocked. Press a coin between the upper prongs from the inner side. Rest the coin on the far side of the glass rim so the handles of the fork extend in your direction. By properly adjusting the forks, you can make the coin balance on its side, keeping the forks balanced on it. Explanation: The handles of the forks serve as a counter balance for the coin and prongs. Precarious through it looks, it is like adjusting weights on an ordinary pair of scales, the only difference being the materials used. SHOWMAN

The Showman Activity Badge offers a choice of puppetry, music, or drama. A Webelos can pick the area that suits him best. Showman Activity Badge is in the Mental Skills group. OBJECTIVES To instill an appreciation of the fine arts. To expose boys to entertainment professions. To expand the imagination and creativity of Webelos. To increase boys' self-confidence in front of audiences. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Junior and Senior high school plays. Make up a Webelos band to entertain at a pack meeting. Learn magic tricks to do as a skit. Or take your magic show on the road to a residential center for seniors or children. Make a video tape of a play the Webelos write and perform. Show it to parents or in a demonstration corner of a pack meeting. Invite an artist, and/or a musician to a den meeting to tell about their profession or hobby. Write and/or perform a skit complete with scenery and costumes. Attend a folk music festival. Learn to sing a folk song. Learn about the history of the song. Invite the boys to tell about the instruments that they play. Make an audio tape of a radio program the boys perform. ACTIVITY TOPSY TURVEY A line of dancers, in these topsy-turvy costumes, will have your audience in hysterics. To make the costume, first pull the arms of an old sweater, blouse or sweatshirt up over your legs. Pin the bottom of the sweater around your waist, or baste with heavy thread. For the head, stuff a piece of old sheeting or flesh-colored material - pantyhose will work, too. Pin the head to the collar of your sweater between your knees. Add yarn hair or wig. For the skirt, use a piece of an old sheet. Make it as long as the distance from your waist to the wrist of your un-raised hands, and as wide as necessary for a full skirt. Gather one long edge to fit your waist, adding toes. Gather the other long edge the same way; add elastic loops to slip over wrists. Cut holes at eye level; cover holes with gauze. Place socks and shoes on your "feet", put oversized work gloves on "hands". At the end of the dance, lower your arms to take your bows.

America’ Pride, America’s Future

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

SPORTSMAN

To be a true Sportsman is more than just playing games. A Sportsman knows how to conduct himself with good sportsmanship. The Sportsman Activity Badge is in the Physical Skills group. OBJECTIVE To teach boys good sportsmanship. To introduce boys to a variety of sports. To familiarize boys with the care and handling of sports equipment. To emphasize the need for safety in sports. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO • As a den, attend a professional or amateur sports event. •

Go roller skating or ice skating.



Visit an archery range and receive instruction on safety and procedures.



Invite a referee or official to your den meeting to teach signals and talk about teamwork, fair play and sportsmanship.



Hold a parent/son sports tournament, such as bowling, tennis, volleyball, archery, etc.



Have a den board game marathon. Provide treats and boys bring their favorite board games to play. allow time for rotation to different games.



Teach a card game to the boys and set up a couple of stations for playing.

BE A GOOD SPORT You hear a lot of talk about being a "good sport", but just what does it mean? A "good sport" learns the rules so he will not break them. He competes with all his heart, striving to outclass his competitors. If he wins, he doesn't act smug, but instead compliments the losers for the fine job they did. If he loses, he should accept that fact and find out why. Maybe he can win the next time. A good sport takes pleasure in the game right to the end, even if he is not winning, for the purpose of the game is not merely to win but to find joy and strength in trying. TRAVELER The Traveler Activity Badge explores the preparation involved in taking a rip. Traveler is in the Mental Skills group of badges. OBJECTIVES To introduce Webelos to the excitement of traveling to see new places and meet new people. To show Scouts some of the practical skills that are needed to get "there" successfully and efficiently so that when "there", they can have a rewarding experience. To have the Scouts practice planning in a fun way. WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO DO Invite a travel agent to explain to your den about planning for a trip and the use of computers in making reservations. Hang travel posters around den meeting place and discuss ways to travel to these places. As a den, visit the control tower of an airport. Invite a parent or other resource person to tell of an unusual vacation he/she has taken. Just for fun, keep a notebook of funny or unusual Vanity License Plates.

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Otetiana Council Pow Wow 2001

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