Chapter 15 Study Guide

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Louis XIV. 12. Cardinal Richelieu. 13. Intendants. 14. Cardinal Mazarin. 15. Parlement of Paris. 16. The Fronde. 17. Versailles. 18. Jean-Baptiste Colbert. 19. Bourbon dynasty. 20. War of the League of. Augsburg. 21. War of the Spanish. Succession. 22. Peace of Utrecht. 23. Hohenzollern dynasty. 24. Brandenburg-Prussia.

AP European History Name: ____________________________________ Chapter 15 Study Guide: State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century Identifications: On index cards, identify the following. 1. Thirty Years’ War 19. Bourbon dynasty 2. Defenstration of Prague 20. War of the League of 3. Albrecht von Wallenstein Augsburg 4. Edict of Restitution 21. War of the Spanish 5. Gustavus Adolphus of Succession Sweden 22. Peace of Utrecht 6. Peace of Westphalia 23. Hohenzollern dynasty 7. Standing armies 24. Brandenburg-Prussia 8. Absolutism 25. Frederick William the Great 9. Divine-right monarchy Elector 10. Bishop Jacques Bossuet 26. Ivan the Terrible 11. Louis XIV 27. Boyars 12. Cardinal Richelieu 28. Peter the Great 13. Intendants 29. William of Orange 14. Cardinal Mazarin 30. United Provinces of the 15. Parlement of Paris Netherlands 16. The Fronde 31. James I of England 17. Versailles 32. Gentry 18. Jean-Baptiste Colbert Questions: Complete the following as you read the chapter. 1.

2.

3.

Explain the social crises that arose in Europe in the seventeenth century. a. Economic:

b.

Population:

c.

Environmental:

Examine the witchcraft craze of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. a. Origins:

b.

Spread:

c.

Decline:

Explain the political situation that led to the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War.

33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

Charles I of England Long Parliament English Civil War Oliver Cromwell Levellers English restoration Glorious Revolution William and Mary English Bill of Rights Thomas Hobbes John Locke Mannerism Baroque Peter Paul Rubens Gian Lorenzo Bernini Dutch Realism Rembrant van Rijn William Shakespeare

4.

5.

Briefly describe the following phases of the Thirty Years’ War. Phase Participants

Overview

Explain the outcomes of the war. a. Religious: b.

Territorial:

c.

Economic:

d.

Social:

6.

Explain why some historians consider the Thirty Years’ War to have prompted a military revolution.

7.

Explain the theory of divine-right monarchy as espoused by Bishop Jacques Bossuet.

8.

Describe how Cardinal Richelieu was instrumental in the establishment of a French absolute monarchy.

9.

How did Cardinal Mazarin build on the efforts of Cardinal Richelieu?

10. Examine the reign of Louis XIV of France.

Establishing rule

Government administration

Religious policy

Financial issues

Life at Versailles

11.

Summarize the causes, events, and results of Louis XIV’s wars. War

Summary

12. Describe the goals and evaluate the success of Louis XIV’s wars.

13. Explain the decline of Spain under the following.

Philip III

Philip IV

14. Describe the contributions of Frederick William the Great Elector to the rise of Brandenburg-Prussia.

15. Describe the emergence of Austria under the rule of Leopold I.

16. Describe how Italy progressed from Spanish to Austrian rule.

17. Describe Russian society in the seventeenth century.

18. Analyze the reforms of Peter the Great of Russia in the following areas. a. Europeanization: b.

Army and navy:

c.

Government:

d.

Table of Ranks:

e.

Revenue:

f.

Orthodox Church:

g.

Western customs:

h.

Women:

19. Evaluate the success of Peter’s attempts to make Russia a military power.

20. Describe the development of various monarchies in the seventeenth century.

Denmark

Sweden

Ottoman Empire

21. What were the limits of absolutism?

22. Explain why the monarchy in Poland was weak.

23. Describe the Golden Age of the Dutch Republic in terms of politics.

24. What was life like in seventeenth-century Amsterdam?

25. Examine England’s development throughout the seventeenth century. James I

Charles I

Civil War

Commonwealth

Charles II

James II

William and Mary

26. What is the significance of the English Bill of Rights?

27. Describe the philosophical responses to upheaval in English politics. a. Thomas Hobbes:

b.

John Locke:

28. Summarize the following elements of European culture. a. Mannerism: b.

Baroque period:

c.

French classicism:

d.

Dutch realism:

e.

William Shakespeare:

f.

Spanish literature:

g.

French drama:

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