Chapters 27-29 Study Guide

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38)THE FIRST PRACTICAL AND AFFORDABLE HOME COMPUTER. WAS APPLE II. 39)BILL GATES CO-FOUNDER THE COMPANY MICROSOFT.

AMERICAN HISTORY CHAPTERS 27-29 STUDY GUIDE 1) RICHARD NIXON WON SOUTHERN SUPPORT IN THE 1968 ELECTION BY PROMISING TO APPOINT A SOUTHERNER TO THE SUPREME COURT. 2) TO MAKE GOOD ON HIS CAMPAIGN PROMISE TO FIGHT CRIME, NIXON TARGETED ANTIWAR PROTESTERS. 3) THE FIRST AMERICAN PRESIDENT EVER TO VISIT THE SOVIET UNION WAS RICHARD NIXON. 4) BUGLARS BROKE INTO THE WATERGATE COMPLEX INTENDING TO STEAL CAMPAIGN INFORMATION FROM THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY HEADQUARTERS. 5) EVIDENCE ON WATERGATE SEEMS TO SHOW THAT NIXON ORDERED THE COVER-UP. 6) SPIRO AGNEW RESIGNED BECAUSE INVESTIGATORS DISCOVERED THAT HE HAD TAKEN BRIBES. 7) THE PROSPERITY OF THE 1950S AND 1960S RESTED IN LARGE PART ON EASY ACCESS TO RAW MATERIALS AROUND THE WORLD AND A STRONG MANUFACURING INDUSTRY. 8) BY THE 1970S, THE U.S. ECONOMY HAD BECOME HEAVILY DEPENDENT ON IMPORTED OIL. 9) THE ENERGY CRISIS OF THE 1970S WAS IN LARGE PART A RESULT OF OPEC PRICE INCREASES AND GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS OF THE OIL INDUSTRY. 10)PRESIDENT CARTER IMPOSED AN EMBARGO ON THE SALE OF GRAIN TO THE SOVIET UNION AS A RESULT OF THE SOVIET INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN. 11)AS PART OF HIS SOUTHERN STRATEGY, NIXON TOOK STEPS TO SLOW DESEGREGATION. 12)AS PART OF NIXONʼS NEW FEDERALISM POLICY, CONGRESS PASSED REVENUE-SHARING BILLS. 13)A MAIN PURPOSE OF NIXONʼS TRIP TO CHINA WAS TO ENCOURAGE THE SOVIETS TO MORE ACTIVELY PURSUE DIPLOMACY.

14)AS PART OF THE STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION TREATY, NIXON AND BREZHNEV AGREED TO EXCHANGE SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION. 15)NIXONʼS “ENEMIES LIST” WAS COMPOSED OF ANYONE HE SUSPECTED OF BEING A THREAT TO HIS PRESIDENCY. 16)NIXON TRIED TO AVOID TURNING OVER THE WATERGATE TAPES BY CLAIMING THAT THE TAPES WOULD COMPROMISE NATIONAL SECURITY. 17)WATERGATE INVESTIGATORS FOUND INDISPUTABLE EVIDENCE AGAINST THE PRESIDENT WHEN A TAPE REVEALED THAT NIXON HAD ORDERED THE CIA TO STOP THE FBI INVESTIGATION. 18)ECONOMIC STAGNATION + RISING PRICES = STAGFLATION 19)PRESIDENT FORDʼS APPROVAL RATING PLUNGED WHEN HE PARDONED RICHARD NIXON. 20)THE 1978 PANAMA CANAL TREATIES TRANSFERRED CONTROL OF THE PANAMA CANAL FROM THE UNITED STATES TO PANAMA. 21)LIBERALS GENERALLY BELIEVE IN FREE SPEECH AND PRIVACY. 22)MANY CONSERVATIVES BELIEVE THAT MOST SOCIAL PROBLEMS CAN BE SOLVED THROUGH RELIGIOUS FAITH AND PRIVATE EFFORTS. 23)CONSERVATIVES BUILT A COALITION THAT COULD ELECT A PRESIDENT WHEN SOUTHERNERS BEGAN SHIFTING THEIR VOTES TO THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. 24)BEFORE REAGAN BECAME GOVENOR OF CALIFORNIA, HE WAS AN ACTOR. 25)SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMISTS BELIEVED THAT TAX CUTS WOULD RESULT IN BUSINESS EXPANSION AND NEW JOBS. 26)THE FOLLOWING DID NOT RESULTED FROM REAGANʼS POLICY OF DEREGULATION, VOLUNTARY PRICE CAPS ON AIRLINE TICKETS. 27)REAGAN FOLLOWED THE FOREIGN POLICY OF PEACE THROUGH STRENGTH. 28)REAGAN BELIEVED THAT MASSIVE SOVIET DEFENSE SPENDING WOULD COLLAPSE THE COMMUNIST SYSTEM. 29)IN THE IRAN-CONTRA SCANDAL, OFFICIALS SOLD WEAPONS TO IRAN TO GAIN FREEDOM FOR THE AMERICAN HOSTAGES IN IRAN. 30)AS OPPOSITION TO REFORMS MOUNTED IN THE SOVIET UNION, BORIS YELTSIN DENOUNCED A COUP.

31)CONSERVATIVES GENERALLY SUPPORT THE SPLIT OF GOVERNMENT POWER BETWEEN STATE AND FEDERAL LEVELS. 32)SOME AMERICANS TURNED TO CONSERVATISM DURING THE COLD WAR BECAUSE THEY BELIEVED THAT LIBERAL ECONOMIC IDEAS WERE SLOWLY LEADING THE NATION TOWARD COMMUNISM. 33)CALIFORNIAʼS PROPOSITION 13 WAS A CONSERATIVE EFFORT TO REDUCE TAXES. 34)TO KEEP THE DEFICIT UNDER CONTROL, REAGAN PROPOSED CUTTING SOCIAL PROGRAMS. 35)INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE IRAN-CONTRA SCANDAL REVEALED THAT REAGAN HAD APPROVED THE SALE OF ARMS TO IRAN BUT NOT THE DIVERSION OF MONEY TO THE CONTRAS. 36)REAGANʼS STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE CALLED FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF WEAPONS THAT COULD DESTROY INCOMING MISSILES. 37)THE UNITED NATIONS WENT TO WAR IN THE PERSIAN GULF BECAUSE IRAQ INVADED KUWAIT. 38)THE FIRST PRACTICAL AND AFFORDABLE HOME COMPUTER WAS APPLE II. 39)BILL GATES CO-FOUNDER THE COMPANY MICROSOFT. 40)A PROBLEM CLINTON FACED IN TRYING TO REDUCE THE FEDERAL DEFICIT WAS ENTITLEMENT PROGRAMS. 41)GEORGE W. BUSH PUSHED THROUGH AN IMMEDIATE TAX REBATE TO PREVENT A RECESSION. 42)THE AL-QAEDA GROUP IS A MUSLIM TERRORIST GROUP BEHIND THE ATTACK OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001. 43)TERRORISTS CARRIED OUT THEIR ATTACKS ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, BY HIJACKING AIRPLANES. 44)APPLE COMPUTER POPULARIZED MOUSE-ACTIVATED, ONSCREEN GRAPHIC ICONS. 45)A GLOBAL INFORMATION SYSTEM THAT OPERATED COMMERCIALLY RATHER THAN THROUGH THE GOVERNMENT WAS CALLED THE INTERNET. 46)IN AN UNPRECEDENTED ROLE FOR A FIRST LADY, HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON ACCEPTED HER HUSBANDʼS APPOINTMENT TO HEAD A TASK FORCE ON HEALTH CARE REFORM.

47)THE REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE IN THE 2000 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION WAS GEORGE W. BUSH. 48)CONGRESS PASSED BUSHʼS PROPOSAL FOR ANNUAL READING AND MATH TESTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS FOR GRADES 3 TO 8. 49)SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, WAS THE DAY THAT TERRORISTS ATTACKED THE WORLD TRADE CENTER AND PENTAGON. 50)AMERICANS DID NOT FIND WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION IN IRAQ IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE MAJOR COMBAT WAS OVER IN 2003 IRAQ WAR.

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