Discipleship: An Introduc on to Systema c Theology and

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Oct 9, 2016 - NA Everyone goes to heaven when they die. NA. Pelagian. Irrelevant Exists Exists NA. Yes. Semi-Pelagian. (Arminian). Historical. NarraQve. Exists Exists Every natural born person has Original Sin. Not totally lost in the Fall. Reformed. (Doctrines of. Grace) (Calvinism). (AugusQnian). Historical. NarraQve.

Discipleship: An Introduc3on to Systema3c Theology and Apologe3cs The Doctrines of Redemp2on: The Heights Church October 9, 2016

The Fall – Review •  The Fall in Genesis 3 should be considered Historical Narra6ve. •  Because of Adam’s sin every natural born person is counted guilty. •  Because of Adam’s sin we have a sinful nature. •  Before the Law was given people died because they had inherited Adam’s sin BUT their sins were not counted as infrac6ons of the Law. •  Before we were born God thought of us as sinners because we had descended from Adam.

The Fall –Possible interpreta3ons of the Fall •  In large measure your theology of redemp6on is based upon your understanding of the Fall. Theology of

Redemp6on

The Fall

Heaven Hell

Original Sin

Free Will (Moral ability to sin or not sin)

Universalist

Irrelevant Exists

Does NA Everyone goes to not exist heaven when they die.

NA

Pelagian

Irrelevant Exists

Exists

NA

Yes

Semi-Pelagian (Arminian)

Historical Exists Narra6ve

Exists

Every natural born Not totally lost person has Original Sin. in the Fall.

Reformed Historical Exists (Doctrines of Narra6ve Grace) (Calvinism) (Augus6nian)

Exists

Every natural born No. Morally person has Original Sin. unable to not sin.

The Fall – Possible interpreta3ons of the Fall •  According to Saint Augus6ne (354-430): •  Adam and Eve were created with free will, the moral ability to sin and the moral ability to not sin. •  In the fall they lost the moral ability to not sin. The LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every inten6on of the thoughts of his heart was only evil con6nually. (Genesis 6:5) We have all become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment. We all fade like a leaf, and our iniqui6es, like the wind, take us away. (Isaiah 64:6) “None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one.” (Romans 3:10-12)

The Fall – Possible interpreta3ons of the Fall Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who prac6ces sin is a slave to sin. (John 8:34) For the mind that is set on the flesh is hos6le to God, for it does not submit to God's law; indeed, it cannot. Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. (Romans 8:7-8) The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. (1 Corinthians 2:14)

The Fall – Possible interpreta3ons of the Fall

Constan6nople/ Chalcedon



Orange Hippo

Carthage

Nicea

The Fall – Possible interpreta3ons of the Fall •  According to a Bri6sh monk Pelagius (circa 360-418): •  We do not inherit Adam’s sin. We are all born in the same state as Adam was created. •  We do not need grace because God would not ask us to do something that he does not also give us the ability to do. •  At the Council of Carthage in 418 Pelagius was declared a here6c. •  This Council also declared: •  Infants must be bap6zed to be cleansed from original sin. •  Children dying without bap6sm are excluded from both the kingdom of heaven and eternal life. •  Death came from sin, not man's physical nature. •  The grace of Christ imparts strength and will to act out God's commandments. •  No good works can come without God's grace.

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