Mrs. Weeda

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Read the history of photography below, then answer the questions. More than 1,000 years ago, people tried to capture images using the pinhole camera and the.

Publications – Blizzard Bag #2 Mrs. Robin Weeda Wellsville Jr./Sr. High School

Directions: You use our school cameras to capture important events throughout the school year. But have you ever stopped to think about the evolution of Photography. Learn the history of Photography. Read the history of photography below, then answer the questions. More than 1,000 years ago, people tried to capture images using the pinhole camera and the camera obscura. These inventions helped people understand how light behaved in different situations, but they could not permanently put a picture onto a physical object. In 1694, a philosopher named Wilhelm Homberg discovered that light darkened certain chemicals. This discovery helped others begin creating photographs. In 1826, the first photograph was taken by French inventor Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. He used a polished metal plate and an oil called bitumen, which reacts to light. Photographic technology then advanced quickly, and ways of taking and developing pictures became cheaper and easier. Photography studios begin to pop up in suburban areas, and “photographer” becomes a real profession. In 1900, George Eastman invented the Brownie camera, a small, portable camera that was easy to use. Before its invention, photography was done by professionals. Now, anyone could capture a moment with a photograph. Though color photography was invented in the late 1800s, color film didn’t take off until the 1950s. The digital camera was invented in 1975, and digital cameras became available on the market in 1990. Today, more digital cameras are sold than traditional film cameras.

Questions: 1. The first photograph was taken by _________________________________. 2. George Eastman invented the ___________________________________.

3. What did the invention of the Brownie do for photography?

4. Using the Internet, find what country the philosopher Wilhelm Homberg was born in?

5. Using the Internet, explain what a camera obscura is? (2 pts.)

6. Once again using the Internet, name another invention of George Eastman.

7. What was the name of George Eastman’s American technology company?

8. Over many years, photography and its equipment have developed from primitive to advanced. Where do you see cameras and photography advancing in the next 50 years? (3 pts.)

9. What is the definition of color photography? Be more specific than saying media that reproduces color. (3 pts.)

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