us government chapter 1 study guide

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Aug 19, 2014 - constitutional law. d. free market. 7. This is NOT one of Aristotle's classifications of governments. a. autocracy c. totalitarian dictatorship b.

U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 1 STUDY GUIDE

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U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 1 STUDY GUIDE Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. This ancient Greek scholar was one of the first students of government. a. Aristotle b. John Locke

c. d.

Karl Marx Adam Smith

2. This is NOT a feature of all the states in today's world. a. population b. democracy

c. d.

territory government

3. This is NOT a way the United States has extended its territory. a. purchase b. divine right

c. d.

negotiation war

4. This system of government gives all key powers to the national government. a. federal b. anarchy

c. d.

confederacy unitary

5. A loose union of independent states is a a. federal system. b. constitutional government.

c. d.

confederacy. unitary system.

6. The effort to control or influence the conduct of government is called a. politics. b. constitutional law.

c. d.

laissez-faire. free market.

7. This is NOT one of Aristotle's classifications of governments. a. autocracy b. oligarchy

c. d.

totalitarian dictatorship democracy

8. Any system of government in which rule is by the people is called a. an autocracy. b. a democracy.

c. d.

a monarchy. an oligarchy.

9. The form of democracy we have in this country is called a. direct democracy. b. socialistic democracy.

c. d.

constitutional democracy. representative democracy.

10. Communist countries have a a. command economy. b. free enterprise economy.

c. d.

capitalist economy. laissez-faire economy.

11. When the territory of both the nation and the state coincide, the country is a a. republic. b. polis.

c. d.

nation-state. sovereignty.

12. This system divides the power between the state and national governments. a. socialist b. unitary

c. d.

communist federal

13. A plan that provides the rules for government is called a a. constitution. b. consensus.

c. d.

preamble. political party.

14. This principle is concerned with a government's power and the rights of the citizens. a. constitutional law c. b. democracy d.

capitalism laissez-faire

15. These nations are in the early stages of industry and technology. a. unitary systems b. federal systems

c. d.

developing nations developed nations

16. Any system of government in which a small group holds power is called a. a democracy. b. an oligarchy.

c. d.

a monarchy. an autocracy.

17. The Republicans and Democrats have developed in this country as the major a. capitalists. b. types of government.

c. d.

proletariat. political parties.

18. The economic system in which freedom of choice is emphasized is a. capitalism. b. command economy.

c. d.

socialism. communism.

19. This man provided a philosophy for capitalism. a. John Locke b. Benjamin Franklin

c. d.

Adam Smith Thomas Hobbes

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U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 1 STUDY GUIDE

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20. a. b.

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The four essential features of a state, or nation, include government, population, territory, and command economy. c. sovereignty. confederacy. d. democracy.

Matching Match each item with the correct statement below. a. constitution b. monarchy c. mixed-market economy d. helps democracy to prosper e. freedom of choice

f. g. h. i. j.

evolutionary theory Karl Marx constitutional law John Locke Adam Smith

f. g. h. i. j.

laissez-faire evolutionary theory socialism a form of autocracy preamble

21. the state evolved from family 22. social contract theorist 23. plan for government 24. defines government power 25. king, queen, or emperor rules 26. a civil society 27. free market theorist 28. United States system 29. wrote on communism 30. characteristic of capitalism Match each item with the correct statement below. a. provide essential services b. representative democracy c. command economy d. sovereignty e. majority rule 31. supreme and absolute authority 32. origin of the state in family 33. one purpose of government 34. statement in the constitution 35. totalitarian dictatorship 36. United States government 37. requirement of democracy 38. a hands-off attitude 39. public ownership of most land 40. communism

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