U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 11 STUDY GUIDE

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Nov 5, 2014 - This justice served as the chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials of Nazi war criminals. a. Chief Justice Earl Warren c. Chief Justice William ...

U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 11 STUDY GUIDE

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U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 11 STUDY GUIDE Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. These courts derive their power from the Constitution and federal laws. a. federal courts b. due process clause courts

c. d.

concurrent courts state courts

2. A trial court has a. appellate jurisdiction. b. original jurisdiction.

c. d.

concurrent jurisdiction. federal jurisdiction.

3. People engaged in lawsuits are called a. criminals. b. victims.

c. d.

justices. litigants.

4. A formal accusation handed down by the grand jury is a. a verdict. b. an indictment.

c. d.

an appeal. a litigant's right.

5. These are the workhorses of the federal judiciary system. a. grand juries b. petit juries

c. d.

district courts state courts

6. One of these appellate courts is in each of 12 regions across the United States. a. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces b. territorial courts c. Court of International Trade d. U.S. Court of Appeals 7. These courts help Congress exercise its power according to Article I of the Constitution. a. legislative courts c. b. district courts d.

appellate courts territorial courts

8. This is the court of last resort in all questions of federal law. a. district court b. territorial court

c. d.

Supreme Court appellate court

9. Explanation for the Supreme Court's decision is called a. a legal draft. b. an opinion.

c. d.

litigation. judicial referee.

10. This justice served as the chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials of Nazi war criminals. a. Chief Justice Earl Warren c. Chief Justice William Howard Taft b. Justice Harry Blackmun d. Justice Robert Jackson 11. These courts derive their power from the state constitutions and laws. a. constitutional courts b. concurrent courts

c. d.

state courts federal courts

12. A court of appeals has a. original jurisdiction. b. grand jury jurisdiction.

c. d.

appellate jurisdiction. concurrent jurisdiction.

13. A state may not take a person's life, liberty, or property without a. a Supreme Court opinion. b. appellate jurisdiction.

c. d.

original jurisdiction. due process.

14. This is the trial jury. a. grand jury b. petit jury

c. d.

federal jury state jury

15. The United States is divided into 12 regions, each one with a. district courts. b. United States Tax Courts.

c. d.

concurrent courts. U.S. Court of Federal Claims.

16. These courts are similar to district courts in function, operation, and jurisdiction. a. grand jury courts b. territorial courts

c. d.

petit jury courts judicial courts

17. If you are registered to vote or have a driver's license, you may be called a. for an indictment. b. by a judicial circuit.

c. d.

for jury duty. to be a litigate.

18. Traveling to hold court in assigned regions is called a. territorial court. b. district court.

c. d.

traveling court. riding the circuit.

19. This justice headed a special commission that investigated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. a. Chief Justice Earl Warren c. Justice Robert Jackson b. Justice Thurgood Marshall d. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor

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U.S. GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 11 STUDY GUIDE

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20. Chief Justice William Howard Taft led a campaign for the nomination of this justice. a. Harry Blackmun c. b. Pierce Butler d.

Sandra Day O'Connor William Rehnquist

Matching Match each item with the correct statement below. a. legislative courts b. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces c. concurrent jurisdiction d. courts of the District of Columbia e. federal courts f. presidential appointment g. laws and tradition h. United States Tax Court i. Court of International Trade j. petit jury 21. both state and federal court jurisdiction 22. bankruptcy jurisdiction 23. deals with tariffs 24. helps Congress exercise its power 25. to sue the Internal Revenue Service 26. judicial system for the nation's capital 27. armed forces' highest appeals court 28. after the grand jury's indictment 29. sources of Supreme Court duties 30. "election" of Supreme Court justices Match each item with the correct statement below. a. Thurgood Marshall b. United States v. E.C. Knight & Co. c. grand jury d. petit jury e. jurisdiction of the court

f. g. h. i. j.

Sandra Day O'Connor federal courts Marbury v. Madison law clerks Dred Scott v. Sandford

31. authority to hear certain cases 32. established judicial review 33. tied states rights to slavery issues 34. upheld monopoly of business trusts 35. maritime law jurisdiction 36. first African American justice 37. first woman justice 38. hands down the indictment 39. hands down the verdict 40. assist justices

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