Amazing Species: Black Rhinoceros - IUCN Red List 50

Report 2 Downloads 103 Views
Save the Rhino International


Amazing Species: Black Rhinoceros The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis, is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM. The smaller of the two African species, it occurs throughout southern and eastern Africa, including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Angola. Geographical range

Knowledge Experts Action Get Involved

Between 1970 and 1992, the Black Rhino suffered a 96% reduction in numbers, with total numbers dipping as low as around 2,400. Large-scale poaching has caused a dramatic collapse in rhino populations, which has arisen from the escalating demand in the use of rhino horn in Asia (for Chinese traditional medicine), and the Far East (for traditional dagger handles), which has triggered an upsurge in black market prices. Other threats include habitat changes, competing species and alien plant invasions. The recovery of Black Rhinos has been largely due to their effective protection and the translocation of surplus rhinos to re-establish viable populations within their former range. Being listed on CITES Appendix 1, which has prohibited all international commercial trade Black Rhino horn, has been an additional positive influence. Celebrate World Wildlife Day, 3 March 2014 The production of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is made possible through the IUCN Red List Partnership.