Forfas Annual Employment Survey 2010

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December 2010. Annual Competitiveness Report 2010 Volume 2: Ireland's Competitiveness. Challenge. National Competitiveness Council. November 2010 ...

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010 ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

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CONTENTS Executive Summary

4

Overall

4

Sectoral

4

Regional

5

Introduction

6

1. Employment Trends 2001 – 2010

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Figure 1.1. Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 –2010 Figure 1.2. Trends in Part-time, Temporary and Short-term Contract Employment in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.3. Trends in Permanent, Full-time Employment by Industrial and Services Sectors in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.4. Trends in Permanent, Full-time Employment by Industrial and Services Sectors in Irish and Foreign Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.5. Trends in Permanent, Full-time Employment by Irish and Foreign Agency-Assisted Companies by Sector, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.6.Trends in Part-time, Temporary and Short-term Contract Employment by Sector in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.7. Job Gains, Losses & Net Change in Permanent Full-time Employment in All Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.8. Job Gains, Losses & Net Change in Permanent Full-time Employment in Irish-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.9. Job Gains, Losses & Net Change in Permanent Full-time Employment in Foreign-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 2. Regional Employment Trends 2001 - 2010 Figure 2.1. Permanent Full-time Employment by Region, 2001 – 2010 Figure 2.2. Permanent Full-time Employment in Irish-owned companies by Region, 2001 - 2010 Figure 2.3. Permanent Full-time Employment in Foreign-owned Companies by Region, 2001 – 2010 3. Sectoral Employment Trends 2001 - 2010

7 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 18

Figure 3.1. Sectoral Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment, 2001 – 2010 18 Figure 3.2. Sectoral Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment within Irish-owned Agency Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 19 Figure 3.3. Sectoral Proportions in Permanent Full-time Employment within Irish-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 and 2010 20 Table 3.1. Sectoral Analysis of Permanent Full-time Employment in Industry and Services 2010, Irish Companies 21 Figure 3.4. Sectoral Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment within Foreign-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010 23 Figure 3.5. Sectoral Proportions in Permanent Full-time Employment within Foreignowned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 and 2010 24 Table 3.2. Sectoral Analysis of Permanent Full-time Employment in Industry and Services 2010, Foreign Companies 25

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

APPENDICES – as part of a separate document

APPENDIX A: Agency-Assisted Employment by Sector, 2001 – 2010

31

APPENDIX B: Agency-Assisted Employment by Region, 2001 – 2010

40

APPENDIX C: Overview of Methodology and Definitions

49

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Executive Summary The Annual Employment Survey provides an analysis of employment levels in industrial (including Primary Production) and services companies under the remit of IDA Ireland, Enterprise Ireland, Shannon Development and Údarás na Gaeltachta1. The main findings of the 2010 survey are set out below.

Overall Total permanent full-time employment in agency-assisted companies operating in all sectors amounted to 275,693 in 2010. This is a decrease of 6,521 jobs (2.3 percent) on employment levels in 2009, and reflects a softening in the contraction in the economy throughout 2010. It follows a very substantial 32,362 net job loss in 2009. While there continued to be employment losses due to plant closures in 2010, approximately four-fifths of losses are being generated by companies who are continuing to trade but are reducing their staff numbers.

Total full-time employment among Irish-owned companies amounted to 136,385 in 2010, a decrease of 4,889 (3.5 percent) on the previous year. Employment in Irish-owned firms had increased from 153,869 in 2001 to 164,911 in 2007 (7.2 percent), but fell by 17.3 percent (28,526 jobs) from this recent pre-recession peak. While large full-time employment losses were seen in Irish-owned companies, there was a continued increase of 8.3 percent (1,466 jobs) in part-time temporary jobs in 2010, reinforcing a trend arising in 2009, when many companies reduced full-time employment and increased part-time employment.

Among foreign-owned companies, total full-time employment amounted to 139,308 in 2010, a decrease of 1,632 (1.2 percent) on the previous year. In 2001, employment in foreign-owned firms stood at 162,688 and fell by 7 percent to 151,342 in 2003 following the dot-com bubble, before recovering again to 156,297 in 2007. Over the recent recession, employment in foreign-owned companies has decreased by 16,989 (10.9 percent), over the period 2007-2010 to 139,308. As with Irish-owned companies, foreign-owned part-time employment also increased significantly, by 1,897 jobs (14.1 percent) in 2010.

Sectoral The sectoral employment breakdown shows evidence of continuing structural change in agencyassisted companies towards services sectors and a decline in some Construction-related sectors in 2009. Full-time employment in all Industrial sector companies declined from 230,718 in 2001 to 215,375 in 2007 (a fall of 6.7 percent), while services employment increased 23.7 percent, from 85,539 to 105,833 in 2007. Between 2007 and 2010, employment in Industry declined 18.5 percent from 215,375 to 175,582 during the recession, while services employment held fairly steady over the same period (105,833 in 2007; 102,111 in 2010).

There was a net loss of 7,231 jobs (4.0 percent) between 2009 and 2010 in the Industrial sector. Net job losses occurred in all Industrial sub-sectors in 2010, with the exception of the Food sector, which showed a modest net gain of 133 jobs (0.4 percent). The sectors that showed the most 1

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The population of firms covered in the survey includes companies receiving assistance at any stage from these agencies or their predecessor agencies.

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

significant net losses were Non-Metallic Minerals (-971; 14.6 percent), Construction and Utilities (815; 11.6 percent), Basic & Fabricated Metal Products (-731; 6.7 percent), Miscellaneous Manufacturing (-715; 10.3 percent), and Chemicals (-706; 3.0 percent).

The services sectors experienced an employment rebound in many areas, including Computer Consultancy and Other IT and Computer Services Activities, which recorded increases of 1,025 jobs (4.0 percent), and 643 jobs (14.1 percent), respectively. Business Services were down 634 jobs (4.9 percent). Financial Services recorded modest employment losses of 368 jobs (1.8 percent). Total employment in the services sectors increased to 102,111 in 2010 which was a net gain of 710 or 0.7 percent on 2009. This is an increase of 16,272 (19.0 percent) on 2001 employment levels.

Regional All regions continued to see a reduction in employment levels in 2010. The South and East (S&E) remains the largest region in employment terms, accounting for 118,351, or 42.9 percent, of total agency employment. Its employment decreased by 18,865 jobs (13.7 percent) since 2001, less than a tenth of which were lost in 2010. The Border, Midlands and West (BMW) and Dublin regions suffered losses of 15.6 percent and 9.8 percent respectively over the period 2001 to 2010, representing respective losses of 11,711 and 10,254 jobs. Irish-owned industrial and services firms located in the South and East (S&E) accounted for 41.2 percent (56,195 jobs) of total Irish-owned full-time employment in 2010, compared with 41.6 percent (68,627 jobs) in 2007. The BMW region accounted for 28.7 percent (47,291 jobs) of Irishowned employment in 2007, and fell to 27.6 percent (37,636 jobs) in 2010. Foreign-owned industrial and services firms located in the S&E accounted for 62,156 jobs in 2010, down 11.4 percent from 70,178 jobs in 2007. In overall terms, the BMW region’s share of full-time employment in foreign-owned companies has remained steady at 18.5 percent between 2007 and 2010, despite a reduction in absolute terms of 3,242 jobs from 28,956 to 25,714 over the same period.

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Introduction This document sets out the final results of the 2010 Forfás Annual Employment Survey2. The survey is an annual census of employment in all manufacturing and services companies supported by the enterprise development agencies (IDA Ireland, Enterprise Ireland, Shannon Development and Údarás na Gaeltachta). The survey has been carried out each year since 1973. Forfás, in line with its mandate to co-ordinate the activities of Enterprise Ireland and IDA Ireland, continues to carry out the survey with the co-operation of Enterprise Ireland and IDA Ireland regional staff. Shannon Development and Údarás na Gaeltachta carry out the survey for companies falling within their remit and provide the results for inclusion in the Forfás database.

The structure of the main body of the report is as follows:

 Section 1 provides overall employment trends in manufacturing and services sectors, the results of which are broken down on the basis of Irish and foreign-ownership. Data on parttime, temporary and short-term contract employment are also provided for companies within the remit of Enterprise Ireland, IDA Ireland, Shannon Development3 and Údarás na Gaeltachta.

 Section 2 provides a regional analysis of permanent full-time employment

 Section 3 analyses the same data on the basis of industrial sector.

It should be noted that employment figures in this document may differ from those previously reported at year-end due to factors such as the inclusion of new companies, revisions made by companies during the survey or the transfer of companies between Irish and foreign ownership at the end of each survey year.

2

An overview of this survey, together with the methodology and definitions used for each employee category is provided in Appendix 3. 3 Shannon Development collected data on ‘non permanent’ forms of employment since 2000.

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

1. Employment Trends 2001 – 2010 Figure 1.1. Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

170,000 160,000 150,000 140,000 130,000 120,000 110,000

Foreign Owned FT

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

100,000

Irish Owned FT

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

All Ownership

316,557

307,418

300,475

298,867

303,100

316,568

321,208

314,576

282,214

275,693

Irish

153,869

151,128

149,133

147,534

149,708

160,037

164,911

159,676

141,274

136,385

Foreign

162,688

156,290

151,342

151,333

153,392

156,531

156,297

154,900

140,940

139,308

Total permanent, full-time employment in agency-assisted companies operating in the industrial and services sectors amounted to 275,693 in 2010, a decrease of 6,521 jobs (2.3 percent) on employment levels in 2009. Over the ten year period, illustrated above, employment has decreased by 12.9 percent in 2001, and by 14.2 percent from its pre-recession peak in 2007, to its current level.

Total full-time employment among Irish-owned companies amounted to 136,385 in 2010, a decrease of 4,889 on the previous year. This decline of 3.5 percent comes on top of a 11.5 percent fall in employment the previous year. Irish-owned companies have shed 28,526 jobs since 2007, just prior to the onset of recession.

Among foreign-owned companies, total full-time employment amounted to 139,308 in 2010, a decrease of 1,632 (1.2 percent) on the previous year. These job losses combined with the 9 percent employment decreases in 2009, results in employment among foreign-owned companies being 14.4 percent (23,380 jobs) lower than 2001 employment levels.

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Figure 1.2. Trends in Part-time, Temporary and Short-term Contract Employment in AgencyAssisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000

Irish Owned

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

10,000

Foreign Owned

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

All Ownership

32,814

33,155

34,183

36,302

36,296

37,165

36,071

31,983

30,982

34,345

Irish

18,570

18,789

17,627

17,377

16,811

18,371

18,164

17,221

17,559

19,025

Foreign

14,244

14,366

16,556

18,925

19,485

18,794

17,907

14,762

13,423

15,320

In addition to permanent full-time employment, there were a further 34,345 jobs of a temporary or part-time nature recorded in agency-assisted companies in 2010. This represents an increase of 3,363 jobs (10.9 percent) on the previous year and an increase of 1,531 (4.7 percent) on the number engaged in 2001.

Among Irish-owned companies, there was an increase in temporary and part-time employment of 1,466 (8.3 percent) in 2010. This represents the trend of companies employing people on a parttime basis rather than on full-time hours. The current part-time employment level of 19,025 is 861 (4.7 percent) higher than in 2007, when such employment amounted to 18,164.

Employment of a temporary or part-time nature among foreign-owned companies amounted to 15,320 in 2010, an increase of 1,897 jobs (14.1 percent) on the previous year. This represents a decrease of 2,587 (14.4 percent) over the period 2007 to 2010.

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Figure 1.3. Trends in Permanent, Full-time Employment by Industrial and Services Sectors in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000

Industry

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

0

Services

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Sectors

316,557

307,418

300,475

298,867

303,100

316,568

321,208

314,576

282,214

275,693

Industry

230,718

221,770

215,330

211,482

212,614

216,716

215,375

204,958

180,813

173,582

Services

85,839

85,648

85,145

87,385

90,486

99,852

105,833

109,618

101,401

102,111

All

The table above segments all permanent full-time employment into industrial4 and services sectors. Permanent full-time employment in Industry has fallen from a high of 230,718 in 2001 to its current level of 173,582 in 2010. This represents a decrease of 57,136 jobs (24.8 percent), 41,793 of which have been lost since 2007.

The services sector, on the other hand, has grown over the period 2001 – 2010, with permanent full-time employment reaching a high of 109,618 jobs in 2008, falling to 101,401 in 2009 before recovering to 102,111 in 2010. This represents an increase of 19 percent over the ten year period. Growth in the services sectors has helped to offset the employment losses seen in the Industrial sectors.

In 2010, employment in Industry decreased by 7,231 jobs (4.0 percent) from the 2009 level; the services sector gained permanent full-time employment between 2009 and 2010, gaining 710 jobs or 0.7 percent in the year.

4 In the course of this report, “Industry” or “Industrial sectors” includes all Manufacturing sectors, as well as Construction, Utilities and Primary Production, unless otherwise stated.

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Figure 1.4. Trends in Permanent, Full-time Employment by Industrial and Services Sectors in Irish and Foreign Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

Irish

Foreign

200,000

200,000

150,000

150,000

100,000

100,000

50,000

50,000

Industry

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

0

Industry

Services

Services

Figure 1.4 illustrates the employment in the Industrial sector and the services sector in both Irish and foreign agency-assisted companies. The majority of both Irish and foreign employment is accounted for by the Industrial sectors. It is notable that over the past decade the services sector has increased its share of total employment in both Irish and foreign companies, so that it now accounts for 37 percent of total agency employment.

Figure 1.5. Trends in Permanent, Full-time Employment by Irish and Foreign Agency-Assisted Companies by Sector, 2001 – 2010

Industry

Services

200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

0

Foreign Owned

Irish Owned

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0

250,000

Foreign Owned

Irish Owned

Figure 1.5 highlights how employment in Irish-owned companies’ compares to that of foreign-owned companies in both the industrial and the services sectors. In the Industrial sector, indigenous industries have seen relatively small employment losses up to 2007, when compared to the foreign-owned companies, which have had continuously decreasing employment since 2001. In the services sector, foreign-owned companies employ significantly more people than indigenous firms. However, both foreign and Irish firms in this sector have seen similar rates of employment growth up to 2007, and similar rates of decline, in the case of 2008 to 2009 during the recent recession.

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Figure 1.6. Trends in Part-time, Temporary and Short-term Contract Employment by Sector in Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000

Industry

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

0

Services

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

All Sectors

32,814

33,155

34,183

36,302

36,296

37,165

36,071

31,983

30,982

34,345

Industry

22,921

22,488

22,180

22,703

23,138

22,520

20,939

18,409

17,826

20,034

Services

9,893

10,667

12,003

13,599

13,158

14,645

15,132

13,574

13,156

14,311

The above table and accompanying chart document trends in temporary and part-time employment on the basis of industrial and services sectors.

Within the Industrial sectors, numbers employed in temporary and part-time employment were approximately between 22,000 and 23,000 from 2001 until 2006. At the start of the recession in 2008, temporary employment dropped to 18,409, but has since climbed to 20,034, an increase of 2,208 (12.4 percent) on 2009.

Temporary and part-time employment within the services sectors has climbed steadily from 9,893 in 2001 to 14,311 in 2010 – an increase of 4,418 (44.7 percent). Between 2009 and 2010, temporary and part-time employment in services increased by 1,155 (8.8 percent).

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Figure 1.7. Job Gains, Losses & Net Change in Permanent Full-time Employment in All AgencyAssisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

-20,000

2002

-10,000

2001

0

-30,000 -40,000 -50,000 -60,000 Full-Time Change

Full-Time Gains

Full-Time Losses

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Job Gains

30,095

26,662

24,348

25,109

28,206

35,702

29,879

24,861

15,013

18,351

Job Losses

-33,105

-35,801

-31,291

-26,717

-23,973

-22,234

-25,239

-31,493

-47,375

-24,872

Change

-3,010

-9,139

-6,943

-1,608

4,233

13,468

4,640

-6,632

-32,362

-6,521

The net change in employment comprises gross job gains (firms that have increased employment) less gross job losses (in firms where employment numbers have decreased).

In the period 2001 – 2004, agency-assisted companies recorded net job losses; this was followed by a period of net job creation in 2005 – 2007. The period 2008-2010 is characterised by net job losses, with particularly heavy gross job losses in 2009. In 2010, gross employment gains of 18,351 were offset by gross employment losses of 24,872; the net loss of 6,521 was a much softer decline than in 2009.

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Figure 1.8. Job Gains, Losses & Net Change in Permanent Full-time Employment in Irish-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

30,000 20,000 10,000

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

-10,000

2001

0

-20,000 -30,000 Full-Time Change

Full-Time Gains

Full-Time Losses

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Job Gains

14,684

14,899

14,432

13,062

15,352

22,774

18,948

14,697

9,082

8,974

Job Losses

-13,906

-17,640

-16,427

-14,661

-13,178

-12,445

-14,074

-19,932

-27,484

-13,863

Change

778

-2,741

-1,995

-1,599

2,174

10,329

4,874

-5,235

-18,402

-4,889

Figure 1.8 illustrates trends in gross job gains, gross job losses and net job change among Irishowned firms during the period 2001 - 2010.

Net job losses were recorded from 2002 – 2004, followed by net job gains in Irish-owned firms in the period 2005 – 2007, with a return to net job losses between 2008 and 2010.

In 2010, job losses of 13,863 were greater than gains of 8,974, leaving net job losses of 4,889 in Irish-owned companies.

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Figure 1.9. Job Gains, Losses & Net Change in Permanent Full-time Employment in Foreignowned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

-10,000

2002

-5,000

2001

0

-15,000 -20,000 -25,000

Full-Time Change

Full-Time Gains

Full-Time Losses

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Job Gains

15,411

11,763

9,916

12,047

12,854

12,928

10,931

10,164

5,931

9,377

Job Losses

-19,199

-18,161

-14,864

-12,056

-10,795

-9,789

-11,165

-11,561

-19,891

-11,009

Change

-3,788

-6,398

-4,948

-9

2,059

3,139

-234

-1,397

-13,960

-1,632

Figure 1.9 provides an overview of gross job gains, job losses and net job change in foreign-owned agency-assisted companies between 2001 and 2010.

During the period 2001–2004, net job losses were recorded, while 2005-2006 was a period of employment growth, characterised by positive year-on-year net increases in employment across foreign-owned companies. Net losses have been recorded in each of the past four years, the heaviest occurring in 2009 during the recent global downturn, but net losses have moderated in 2010.

In 2009, net job losses amounted to a very substantial 13,960. In 2010, job gains of 9,377 were outweighed by losses of 11,009 to give a net loss for the year of 1,632 jobs, again indicating a stabilisation of the employment figures.

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

2. Regional Employment Trends 2001 - 2010 Figure 2.1. Permanent Full-time Employment by Region, 2001 – 2010

160,000 140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000

BMW

2001

Dublin

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

20,000

Rest of S & E

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

All Regions

316,473

307,353

300,432

298,824

303,070

316,528

321,176

314,545

282,168

275,643

BMW

75,061

72,510

71,270

71,350

74,319

75,201

76,247

74,242

65,850

63,350

Dublin

104,196

100,195

95,641

93,520

94,989

102,451

106,124

105,048

96,315

93,942

South & East

137,216

134,648

133,521

133,954

133,762

138,876

138,805

135,255

120,003

118,351

Figure 2.1 illustrates regional trends in permanent full-time employment across all agency-assisted companies. The South & East region saw losses in 2010 of 1,652 jobs (1.4 percent). The Border, Midlands and West (BMW) region saw losses of 2,500 jobs (3.8 percent), while Dublin saw a decline of 1,762 jobs (4 percent). While the BMW and South & East regions have seen their shares of total employment since decline between 2001 and 2010 (by 0.7 percent to 23.0 percent, and by 0.5 percent to 42.9 percent respectively), the Dublin region has seen an increase in its share of employment, by 1.2 percent to 34.1 percent, over the same period.

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Figure 2.2. Permanent Full-time Employment in Irish-owned companies by Region5, 2001 - 2010

BMW

Dublin

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

75,000 70,000 65,000 60,000 55,000 50,000 45,000 40,000 35,000 30,000

Rest of S & E

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

All Regions

153,785

151,063

149,090

147,491

149,678

159,997

164,879

159,645

141,228

136,335

BMW

41,378

40,977

41,128

41,214

43,432

45,482

47,291

45,903

39,336

37,636

Dublin

47,685

45,108

43,665

41,825

41,902

46,110

48,961

48,438

44,266

42,504

South & East

64,722

64,978

64,297

64,452

64,344

68,405

68,627

65,304

57,626

56,195

Figure 2.2 illustrates trends in permanent full-time employment in Irish-owned agency-assisted companies. The South & East region saw losses in 2010 of 1,431 jobs (2.3 percent). The Border, Midlands and West (BMW) region saw losses of 1,700 jobs (4.3 percent), while Dublin saw decline of 1,762 jobs (4 percent).

In 2001, the BMW region accounted for just under 27 percent of Irish-owned employment, employing 41,378 full-time people. Employment in the region has decreased by 9 percent over the 10 years to 2010; however, the BMW region now accounts for 27.6 percent of agency-assisted indigenous employment.

Employment in the South and East region has decreased from 64,722 jobs in 2001 by 13.2 percent to account for 56,195 permanent jobs or 41.2 percent of indigenous employment in 2010. The Dublin region has decreased by 1,762 (4 percent) in 2010 and has decreased by 8,527 jobs since 2001 (13.2 percent). The Dublin region currently accounts for 31.2 percent of Irish-owned employment. A more detailed regional breakdown of employment in Irish-owned manufacturing and services sectors is presented in Appendix B.

5

Note that employment data for Irish-owned firms whose location is designated “ABT Non-Irish” are not included in Regional employment totals. In 2010, employment by this designation amounted to 50 permanent full-time employees.

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FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Figure 2.3. Permanent Full-time Employment in Foreign-owned Companies by Region, 2001 – 2010

80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 2009

2010

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

All Regions

162,688

156,290

151,342

151,333

153,392

156,531

156,297

154,900

140,940

139,308

BMW

33,683

31,533

30,142

30,136

30,887

29,719

28,956

28,339

26,514

25,714

Dublin

56,511

55,087

51,976

51,695

53,087

56,341

57,163

56,610

52,049

51,438

South & East

72,494

69,670

69,224

69,502

69,418

70,471

70,178

69,951

62,377

62,156

Dublin

2008

2007

2006

2005

2001

BMW

2004

2003

2002

2001

20,000

Rest of S & E

Trends in permanent full-time employment in foreign-owned agency-assisted companies are detailed above in figure 2.3. Dublin has seen its share of foreign-owned employment grow from 34.7 percent in 2001 to 36.9 percent in 2010. Despite the proportional increase, employment actually fell by 5,073 jobs (9 percent) over the 10 years.

The BMW region had the largest proportional job losses over the period, with recorded losses of 23.7 percent (7,969 jobs) while the rest of the South and East had the greatest number of job losses, with a reduction of 10,338 jobs (14.3 percent) from 2001 to 2010.

In 2010, job losses in foreign-owned employment, were 3 percent, or 800 jobs, in the BMW region.

A more detailed regional breakdown of employment in foreign-owned manufacturing and services sectors is presented in Appendix B.

17

3. Sectoral Employment Trends 2001 - 2010 Figure 3.1. Sectoral Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment, 2001 – 2010

140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

0

Construction, Utilities and Primary Production Manufacturing Business, Financial and Other Services Information, Communication and Computer Services

All Sectors

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

316,557

307,418

300,475

298,867

303,100

316,568

321,208

314,576

282,214

275,693

7,555

7,694

8,503

8,734

9,644

10,535

11,541

11,249

9,492

8,567

223,163

214,076

206,827

202,748

202,970

206,181

203,834

193,709

171,321

165,015

21,705

24,586

25,853

28,452

30,662

36,040

41,063

44,114

41,747

40,508

64,134

61,062

59,292

58,933

59,824

63,812

64,770

65,504

59,654

61,603

Construction, Utilities and Primary Production Manufacturing Business, Financial and Other Services Information, Communication and Computer Services

Figure 3.1 presents a sectoral breakdown of permanent full-time employment across all agencyassisted companies by broad sector. Since 2001, despite an ongoing reduction totalling 58,148 (26.1 percent) in the number of Manufacturing jobs, there has been fairly consistent growth (18,803 jobs; 86.6 percent) in Business, Financial and Other Services over the same period, with a relative consolidation of employment over the past year. Information, Communication and Computer Services was the one broad sector to record employment growth (3.3 percent) between 2009 and 2010. 18

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Figure 3.2. Sectoral Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment within Irish-owned Agency Assisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

0

Construction, Utilities and Primary Production Manufacturing Business, Financial and Other Services Information, Communication and Computer Services

All Sectors

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

153,869

151,128

149,133

147,534

149,708

160,037

164,911

159,676

141,274

136,385

7,376

7,549

8,383

8,629

9,541

10,429

11,437

11,150

9,398

8,458

114,767

111,351

108,903

105,999

106,013

110,737

110,253

102,402

88,090

84,926

13,704

15,256

16,028

17,244

18,433

21,957

24,503

26,917

25,686

24,599

18,022

16,972

15,819

15,662

15,721

16,914

18,718

19,207

18,100

18,402

Construction, Utilities and Primary Production Manufacturing Business, Financial and Other Services Information, Communication and Computer Services

Figure 3.2 presents a sectoral breakdown of permanent full-time employment in Irish-owned companies by broad sector. Despite a second successive annual reduction in employment - 10 percent (940 jobs) in 2010 Construction, Utilities and Primary Production has seen an increase in employment of 14.7 percent over the period 2001-2010.

19

The decline in agency-assisted Manufacturing employment is apparent in the above graph, with a loss of 29,841 jobs (26 percent) since 2001. With the exception of the Food sector - which accounts for over one-third of Manufacturing employment - and the Medical Devices sector, all Manufacturing sub-sectors recorded falls in employment in 2010, with an overall annual reduction of 3,164 jobs (3.6 percent). With respect to services, there has been steady growth in the numbers employed in the Business, Financial and Other Services sector grouping in the last ten years; employment levels are just under 80 percent higher in 2010 than they were in 2001. In 2010, employment in this broad sector fell by 1,087 (4.2 percent). Employment in the Information, Communications and Computer Services rose gradually between 2002 and 2008, before falling off during 2009 and 2010. Irish firms in this sector grouping employ 18,402 full-time employees; 302 (1.7 percent) higher than in 2009, and 380 (2.1 percent) higher than in 2001. A detailed sectoral breakdown of employment in Irish-owned manufacturing and services is presented in Appendix A.

Figure 3.3. Sectoral Proportions in Permanent Full-time Employment within Irish-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 and 2010

Business, Financial and Other Services 9%

Cons, Utilities and Primary Production 5%

Info, Comms, and Computer Services 12%

Constructio n, Utilities and Primary Production 6%

Information , Comms, and Computer Services 14%

Business, Financial and Other Services 18% M'facturing 62%

M'facturing 74%

2001

2010

As a share of total Irish-owned company employment, manufacturing has fallen from 114,767 in 2001(74 percent of total employment) to just under 85,000 in 2010 (62 percent of total employment). Alongside an 80 percent absolute increase in employment between 2001 and 2010, Business, Financial and Other Services has seen its share double from 9 to 18 percent over the same period. The Construction, Utilities and Primary Production and Information, Communications and Computer Services sector groupings each saw small increases in shares of total employment between 2001 and 2010.

20

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Table 3.1. Sectoral Analysis of Permanent Full-time Employment in Industry and Services 2010, Irish Companies Full Time Jobs ‘10

Full Time Gains ‘10

Full Time Losses ‘10

Full Time Change ‘10

Full Time % Change

Total - Irish

136,385

8,974

13,863

-4,889

-3.5%

Manufacturing and Other Industry

91,145

5,467

9,446

-3,979

-4.2%

Basic and Fabricated Metal Products

8,186

566

1,321

-755

-8.4%

Chemicals

3,294

182

230

-48

-1.4%

Clothing, Footwear and Leather

1,305

70

120

-50

-3.7%

Computer, Electronic and Optical Equipment

4,913

661

784

-123

-2.4%

Construction, Energy, Water and Waste

6,219

356

1,171

-815

-11.6%

Drink and Tobacco

1,846

74

245

-171

-8.5%

Electrical Equipment

2,429

155

267

-112

-4.4%

Food

32,438

1,738

1,482

256

0.8%

Machinery and Equipment

5,775

427

456

-29

-0.5%

Medical and dental instruments and supplies

516

67

11

56

12.2%

Miscellaneous Manufacturing

4,454

190

822

-632

-12.4%

Non-Metallic Minerals

4,833

257

915

-658

-12.0%

Paper and Printing

4,999

179

601

-422

-7.8%

Rubber and Plastics

3,865

245

423

-178

-4.4%

Textiles

1,402

68

110

-42

-2.9%

Transport Equipment

1,160

69

102

-33

-2.8%

Wood and Wood Products

3,511

163

386

-223

-6.0%

Primary Production

2,239

192

317

-125

-5.3%

Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry

1,227

103

166

-63

-4.9%

Mining and Quarrying

1,012

89

151

-62

-5.8%

Services

43,001

3,315

4,100

- 785

-1.8%

Business Services

11,887

791

1,440

-649

-5.2%

Computer consultancy activities

11,019

1,047

1,124

-77

-0.7%

Computer facilities management activities

26

7

1

6

30.0%

Computer programming activities

275

60

57

3

1.1%

Financial Services

5,309

192

359

-167

-3.0%

Other Information and Communication

5,128

376

251

125

2.5%

Other information technology and computer service activities

1,954

279

34

245

14.3%

21

Table 3.1 provides a sectoral analysis of permanent, full-time employment for 2010 along with job gains and losses. It also provides net percentage change in employment between 2009 and 2010.

From the table we can see that the majority (66.8 percent) of Irish-owned employment continues to be found in the Manufacturing sector. This sector has seen the loss of 9,446 jobs in 2010, with job gains accounting for 5,467, a net loss of 3,979 jobs (4.2 percent). Five sectors account for the bulk of these job losses.

Construction and Utilities, Construction-related sectors such as Basic and Fabricated Metal Products, Non-Metallic Minerals and Miscellaneous Manufacturing accounted for over half of Irishowned Manufacturing net job losses in 2010. The Food sector recorded a 0.8 percent increase in employment in 2010, after incurring heavy employment losses in 2009.

The services sectors account for 31.5 percent of Irish agency-assisted employment. This sector created 3,315 jobs in 2010 and recorded losses of 4,100, resulting in net job losses of 785 (1.8 percent). In this sector, the only substantial loss was seen in Business Services, with decreased employment of 5.2 percent (649 jobs). Other IT and Computer Service Activities saw a net increase of 245 (14.3 percent).

22

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Figure 3.4. Sectoral Trends in Permanent Full-time Employment within Foreign-owned AgencyAssisted Companies, 2001 – 2010

180,000 160,000 140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000

Construction, Utilities and Primary Production Business, Financial and Other Services

All Sectors

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

0

Manufacturing Information, Communication and Computer Services

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

162,688

156,290

151,342

151,333

153,392

156,531

156,297

154,900

140,940

139,308

179

145

120

105

103

106

104

99

94

109

108,396

102,725

97,924

96,749

96,957

95,444

93,581

91,307

83,231

80,089

8,001

9,330

9,825

11,208

12,229

14,083

16,560

17,197

16,061

15,909

46,112

44,090

43,473

43,271

44,103

46,898

46,052

46,297

41,554

43,201

Construction, Utilities and Primary Production Manufacturing Business, Financial and Other Services Information, Communication and Computer Services

Figure 3.4 and the accompanying table present a sectoral analysis of employment in foreign-owned manufacturing and services companies.

Manufacturing has seen the greatest job losses in foreign-owned employment in the period 2001 to 2010. Between 2001 and 2010, foreign companies in this sector have shed 28,307 jobs, a reduction of 26.1 percent. Despite the reduction, this sector remains the largest foreign-owned employer. Foreign-owned companies employ a negligible number of employees in Construction, Utilities and Primary Production.

23

The services sectors have seen more buoyant employment numbers over the period 2001 to 2010. In similar fashion to Irish-owned companies, the Business, Financial and Other Services sector saw an increase in numbers employed from 8,001 in 2001 to 15,909 in 2010, a riseof 98.8 percent. Losses were recorded in Information, Communications & Computer Services, with 2,911 net jobs being lost (6.3 percent) since 2001.

A detailed sectoral breakdown of employment in foreign-owned manufacturing and services sectors is presented in Appendix A.

Figure 3.5. Sectoral Proportions in Permanent Full-time Employment within Foreign-owned Agency-Assisted Companies, 2001 and 2010

2010

2001

Info, Comms, and Comp. Services 31%

Info, Comms,& Computer Services 28%

Business, Financial and Other Services 5%

Manufactu ring 67%

Business, Financial and Other Services 11%

M'facturi ng 58%

Figure 3.5 depicts the proportion of agency-assisted employment for each sector in the economy in 2001 and in 2010. Construction, Utilities and Primary Production employment shares are not shown above due to their negligible proportions. Notable are the reduced share of Manufacturing and the increases in the services sectors. Business, Financial and Other Services have increased their proportion of employment from 5 to 11 percent.

24

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Table 3.2. Sectoral Analysis of Permanent Full-time Employment in Industry and Services 2010, Foreign Companies Full Time Jobs ‘10

Full Time Gains ‘10

Full Time Losses ‘10

Full Time Change ‘10

Full Time % Change

Total - Foreign

139,308

9,377

11,009

-1,632

-1.2%

Manufacturing and Other Industry

80,198

2,759

5,886

-3,127

-3.8%

Basic and Fabricated Metal Products

1,959

87

63

24

1.2%

Chemicals

19,162

619

1,277

-658

-3.3%

46

2

0

2

4.5%

Computer, Electronic and Optical Equipment

14,483

690

955

-265

-1.8%

Drink and Tobacco

3,440

2

394

-392

-10.2%

Electrical Equipment

2,336

98

637

-539

-18.7%

Food

5,611

163

286

-123

-2.1%

Machinery and Equipment

3,675

74

247

-173

-4.5%

Medical and Dental Instruments and Supplies

20,228

625

776

-151

-0.7%

Miscellaneous Manufacturing

1,746

17

100

-83

-4.5%

Non-Metallic Minerals

855

16

329

-313

-26.8%

Paper and Printing

802

18

205

-187

-18.9%

Rubber and Plastics

2,467

112

123

-11

-0.4%

171

0

33

-33

-16.2%

2,510

206

404

-198

-7.3%

Wood and Wood Products

598

7

49

-42

-6.6%

Primary Production

109

23

8

15

16.0%

Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry

109

23

8

15

16.0%

59,110

6,618

5,123

1,495

2.6%

379

61

46

15

4.1%

Computer Consultancy Activities

15,703

2,493

1,391

1,102

7.5%

Computer Facilities Management Activities

7,753

378

388

-10

-0.1%

Computer Programming Activities

16,280

1,875

1,639

236

1.5%

Financial Services

15,096

1,046

1,247

-201

-1.3%

202

2

81

-79

-28.1%

3,263

723

325

398

13.9%

434

40

6

34

8.5%

Clothing, Footwear and Leather

Textiles Transport Equipment

Services Business Services

Other Information and Communication Other Information Technology and Computer Service Activities Other Services

Table 3.2. explores the sectoral composition of permanent full-time jobs, job gains and losses and net employment change in foreign-owned agency-assisted companies in 2010. 25

Within Manufacturing, net reductions in employment were driven by Chemicals (658 jobs; 3.3 percent); Electrical Equipment (539 jobs; 18.7 percent); Drink and Tobacco (392 jobs; 10.2 percent); and Non-Metallic Minerals (313 jobs; 26.8 percent). Overall in 2010, Manufacturing saw a net reduction of 3,127 jobs (3.8 percent). Within the services sector, employment grew overall, by 1,495 jobs (2.6 percent) to 59,110. A key driver of this overall increase was a 7.5 percent (1,102) growth in the number employed in Computer Consultancy Activities. Other IT and Computer Service Activities also saw an increase of 398 jobs (13.9 percent) in 2010.

26

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Forfás Board Members Eoin O’Driscoll (Chairman) Chairman, Southwestern Martin Shanahan Chief Executive, Forfás Simon Barry ROI Chief Economist, Ulster Bank Capital Markets Bob Brannock President, International Europe and Lifestyle Protection, Genworth Financial Timothy Dullea Formerly Chief Executive Officer, Tipperary Co-op Sean Gorman Secretary General, Department of Enterprise, Jobs and Innovation Miriam Magner Flynn Managing Director, Career Decisions William O’Brien Managing Director, William O’Brien Plant Hire Ltd Barry O’Leary Chief Executive, IDA Ireland Paul O’Toole Director General, FÁS Frank Ryan Chief Executive Officer, Enterprise Ireland Dr Don Thornhill Chairman, National Competitiveness Council Michael O’Leary Secretary to the Board, Forfás

27

Recent Publications Expert Group on Future Skills Needs Statement of Activity 2010 Expert Group on Future Skills Needs Business Expenditure on R&D 2009/2010 Forfás Developing Recognition of Prior Learning Expert Group on Future Skills Needs Vacancy Overview 2010 Expert Group on Future Skills Needs Ireland’s Competitiveness Priorities National Competitiveness Council Analysis of Ireland’s Innovation Performance Forfás Progress Report on the implementation of the recommendations of the report of the High Level Group on Green Enterprise

May 2011

April 2011

April 2011

March 2011

March 2011

March 2011

March 2011

Forfás, DETI Staying the Course Advisory Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Research strengths in Ireland: a bibliometric study of the public research base - Extension Report: Public Research Organisations

January 2011

December 2010

Forfás, HEA The Higher Education R&D Survey 2008 Forfás Profile of Public Research Activity in Ireland, 1998-2006 Forfás, HEA Research and Development Activity of Irish Based Enterprise Forfás, HEA Research and Development Activity of Irish Based Enterprise - Vol 2: Data Forfás, HEA Ireland’s Priorities in FP8 Forfás Annual Competitiveness Report 2010 Volume 2: Ireland’s Competitiveness Challenge National Competitiveness Council

28

December 2010

December 2010

December 2010

December 2010

December 2010

November 2010

FORFÁS ANNUAL EMPLOYMENT SURVEY 2010

Future Skills Needs of Enterprise within the Green Economy in Ireland EGFSN An Enterprise Perspective on the Universal Social Contribution Forfás Review of Labour Cost Competitiveness Forfás Annual Business Survey of Economic Impact 2009 Forfás Enterprise Statistics at a Glance 2010 Forfás Categorisation of State Expenditure on R&D Forfás Future Skills Requirements of the Biopharma-Pharmachem Sector EGFSN Waste Management in Ireland: Benchmarking Analysis and Policy Priorities – Updated 2010

November 2010

November 2010

November 2010

November 2010

November 2010

November 2010

November 2010

October 2010

Forfás Making It Happen: Growing Enterprise for Ireland Forfás Ireland’s Nanotechnology Commercialisation Framework 2010 – 2014 Forfás Adaptation to Climate Change: Issues for Business Forfás The Irish Energy Tetralemma – A Framework for Fuel Choices in Ireland Forfás The Role of State Owned Enterprises: Providing Infrastructure and Supporting Economic Recovery

October 2010

August 2010

August 2010

August 2010

July 2010

Forfás Annual Competitiveness Report 2010 Volume 1: Benchmarking Ireland’s Performance

July 2010

National Competitiveness Council Costs of Doing Business in Ireland 2010 National Competitiveness Council

July 2010

29

The publications of Forfás and the advisory groups to which it provides research support are available at www.forfas.ie To sign up for our email alerts contact us at [email protected] or through the website. May 2011

Forfás Wilton Park House Wilton Place Dublin 2 Tel: +353 1 607 3000 Fax: +353 1 607 3030 www.forfas.ie

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