GCSE 4241/02 GEOGRAPHY

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SPECIFICATION B. HIGHER ... (a) Study the OS Map Extract. It shows ... (i) Give one piece of map evidence which suggests the area is popular with tourists. [1].

Candidate Name

Centre Number

Candidate Number 0

GCSE 4241/02 GEOGRAPHY SPECIFICATION B HIGHER TIER UNIT 1 A.M. MONDAY, 13 June 2011 1 hour For examiner’s use only

4241 020001

Question 1 Question 2 Total Marks

60

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS OS Map Extract. INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Use black ink or black ball-point pen. Write your name, centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page. Answer both questions. At the end of each question there is a choice of case studies. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet. If additional space is required you should use the lined pages at the end of this booklet. The question number(s) should be clearly shown. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part-question. You are reminded that assessment will take into account the quality of written communication used in the case study question of each theme.

CJ*(S11-4241-02)

2

Examiner only

Theme 1: CHALLENGES OF LIVING IN A BUILT ENVIRONMENT Answer all parts of (a) to (d). There is a choice of questions in (e). 1.

(a)

Study the OS Map Extract. It shows the popular holiday resort of Whitby in north-east Yorkshire. (i)

Give one piece of map evidence which suggests the area is popular with tourists. [1]

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(ii)

A supermarket is located at Z. It has a catchment area which covers Whitby and its surrounding villages. What is meant by the term catchment area? [1]

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(iii)

Explain one possible problem caused by the location of this supermarket.

[2]

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3 (b)

Examiner only

Read the passage below, and study the OS map extract.

The nearest large superstores are in Scarborough and Guisborough, both over 30 kms away from Whitby. A national supermarket chain plans to build a large superstore and petrol station at Site Y in grid square 8810. There will also be a medical centre on the site.

(i)

Explain why the company considers this a good location for a new supermarket. [3]

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(ii)

Explain how the building of this supermarket may affect the people of Whitby. [4]

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4 (c)

Study the newspaper article below and the OS map extract.

WHITBY NEWS Arguments continue over local housing In the past ten years the Whitby area has become a very desirable second home location. Some wealthy people have bought homes in Whitby and commute long distances to work. As a result of this, house prices have increased significantly. Some groups feel that the second home owners should pay extra tax.

(i)

Suggest one reason why some groups want to increase the tax on second home owners. [1]

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(ii)

Why is the Whitby area a desirable place to live? Give two pieces of map evidence to support your answer. [4]

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5 (d)

Examiner only

Study the passage below, and the OS map extract.

The council is considering several greenfield sites on which to build affordable housing. One is near the village of Ruswarp in grid square 8809.

(i)

What is meant by greenfield site?

[1]

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(ii)

Explain why some people may be against building affordable housing at the proposed site near Ruswarp. [5]

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6 (e)

Examiner only

Case Studies Answer only one of the questions, either (i) or (ii). Either (i)

Tick your choice

• Name and locate an area within a city where housing has been improved. • Describe how the local authority has improved the housing in this area. • Explain why the improvements were needed.

Or (ii)

• Name and locate an area within a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC) from which people have migrated. • Describe the effects on the area from which people have migrated. • Explain why they migrated. [8]

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7

Examiner only

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Total = 30 marks End of Theme 1

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GCSE 4241/02-A GEOGRAPHY SPECIFICATION B HIGHER TIER UNIT 1: OS MAP EXTRACT A.M. MONDAY, 13 June 2011

This map extract is for use with Question 1 in Unit 1: Higher Tier

CJ*(S11-4241-02-A)

A key is provided on the back of this sheet.

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

12

12

11

11

Supermarket Z

Proposed superstore Y

Proposed housing site

10

10

09

09

08

08

N

87

88

[©Crown Copyright and/or database right. [©‘Crown Copyright’] All rights reserved. Licence number 100020034]

89

90

91

92

93

0

1

2km

Scale 1:25,000 Turn over.

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